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Am Surg ; 88(8): 1766-1772, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1932934


OBJECTIVE: Validated assessment of procedural knowledge and skills with formative remediation is a foundational part of achieving surgical competency. High-fidelity simulation programs provide a unique area to assess resident proficiency and independence, as well as to assist in identifying residents in need of further practice. While several studies have validated the use of simulation to attain proficiency of specific technical skills, few have validated remediation pathways for their trainees objectively. In this descriptive analysis, we review 2 remediation pathways within our simulation training curricula and how these are used in assessments of resident proficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two methods of remediation were formulated for use in high-fidelity simulation labs. One remediation pathway was a summative process, where ultimate judgment of resident competency was assessed through intra-operative assessments of a holistic skill set. The second remediation pathway was a formative "coaching" process, where feedback is given at several intervals along the pathway towards a specific technical skills competence. All general surgery residents are enrolled in the longitudinal, simulation curricula. RESULTS: Approximately one-third of surgical residents entered into a remediation pathway for either of the high-fidelity simulation curricula. Both residents and faculty expressed support for the summative and formative remediation pathways as constructed. Residents who entered remediation pathways believed it was a beneficial exercise, and the most common feedback was that remediation principles should be expanded to all residents. Interestingly, faculty demonstrated stronger support for the formative coaching feedback model than the summative assessment model. CONCLUSIONS: Through the complementary use of both formative and summative remediation pathways, resident competence can be enriched in a constructive, nonpunitive method for self-directed performance improvement. Both trainees and faculty express high satisfaction with programs explicitly organized to ensure that skills are rated through a standardized process.

General Surgery , Remedial Teaching , Simulation Training , Competency-Based Education , Curriculum , General Surgery/education , Humans , Internship and Residency , Remedial Teaching/methods , Simulation Training/methods
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 132(5): e169-e174, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1230698


OBJECTIVE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused delays in medical and surgical interventions in most health care systems worldwide. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) delayed operations to protect themselves, patients, and staff. This article (1) presents one institution's experience in the management of pediatric craniomaxillofacial trauma during the COVID-19 pandemic and (2) suggests recommendations to decrease transmission. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of children aged 18 years or younger who underwent surgery at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta in Atlanta, GA, between March and August 2020. Patients (1) were aged 18 years old or younger, (2) had one or more maxillofacial fractures, and (3) underwent surgery performed by an OMS, otolaryngologist, or plastic surgeon. Medical records were reviewed regarding (1) fracture location, (2) COVID-19 status, (3) timing, (4) personal protective equipment, and (5) infection status. Descriptive statistics were computed. RESULTS: Fifty-eight children met the inclusion criteria. The most commonly injured maxillofacial location was the nose. Operations were performed 50.9 hours after admission. Specific prevention perioperative guidelines were used with all patients, with no transmission occurring from a patient to a health care worker. CONCLUSIONS: With application of our recommendations, there was no transmission to health care workers. We hope that these guidelines will assist OMSs during the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adolescent , Child , Humans , Personal Protective Equipment , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2