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1.
Psychology Hub ; 39(2):5-12, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030358

ABSTRACT

Background. Following the COVID-19 pandemic, many studies have identified differences in college students’ attitudes towards vaccination. The aim of the present study was to investigate the psychological, emotional and behavioral responses influenced by the administration of the COVID-19 vaccine in a sample of college students in the health professions. Method. The questionnaire administered through the Google Modules platform was created ad hoc in order to investigate perceived stress (PSS-10), coping strategies (BRIEF COPE) and pre and post vaccination emotions (7 items). Participants. A total of 344 students participated in the study (M age = 22.62, SD = 3.17;F = 67.2%): medicine and surgery (37.5%), nursing (32.8%), obstetrics (15.4%) and physiotherapy (14.2%). Results. From the qualitative and quantitative analysis it emerged that 56.7% of the sample has moderate stress levels. Emotional and avoidant coping, especially in females, is the most prominent strategy. In the pre-vaccination analysis, “fear” was the primary emotion most experienced by students, characterized by the use of avoidance strategies. The words “hope” and “vaccination” were most often recorded in the post-vaccination phase. Conclusions. Our results showed that the association of lemmas in the post-vaccination phase shows students’ ability to adapt and be resilient through change and communicates that self-perception is important. © Author(s).

2.
Ricerca e Pratica ; 37(2):78-81, 2021.
Article in Italian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1938494
3.
Ricerca e Pratica ; 38(3):101-106, 2022.
Article in Italian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1896586

ABSTRACT

Social media are widespread and play a significant role in communicating numerous topics, including those related to health. We conducted a study to analyse the presence of communications on the main social media platforms by the 99 Italian local health authorities (LHAs) and compared the results against those of a previous study conducted in 2018. We also analysed the LHAs' communications on Instagram to identify contents related to information on Covid-19 and its vaccine. The results showed that, at the end of 2021, 91.8% of Italian LHAs were active on at least one of the five platforms investigated (Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Instagram, and LinkedIn), with an absolute growth of 30% compared to 2018. Facebook (79.8%) was the most used platform, followed by YouTube (55.6%), Instagram (43.4%), Twitter (35.4%), and LinkedIn (11.1%). Comparing the absolute percentages observed in 2018 and in 2021, Facebook use grew by 33%, YouTube by 18%, Twitter by 3%, while LinkedIn use remained unchanged. Instagram use grew from 9% to 34% percent, making it the platform with the highest growth rate. Of the total of 1600 Instagram posts examined, 34.1% concerned the Covid- 19 vaccine, 10.6% were related to Covid-19, but did not concern the vaccine, while 55.3% were related to topics other than Covid-19. Covid-19 seems to have led to an increase in the use of social media platforms by the Italian LHAs. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of LHAs in fostering knowledge on Covid-19 and in reducing vaccine hesitancy.

4.
Ricerca e Pratica ; 38(2):55-61, 2022.
Article in Italian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1896585

ABSTRACT

Social media are among the most used web platforms, representing an important source of health information for people. We investigated the type of characteristics and engagement rate of 164 TikTok videos related to Covid-19 vaccines (the first 130 videos obtained by searching TikTok with the hashtag #COVIDVaccine, and 34 videos published on the World Health Organization - WHO - TikTok account and related to the same topic). The videos featured in the #COVIDVaccine trend have found significantly higher success than those of the WHO, with an engagement rate that was 4 times higher, with 10 times more views, 52 times more likes, 28 times more comments, and 88 times more shares. The significantly more engaging features are the use of humor, the mention of adverse reactions and a video length shorter than one minute, while the least rewarding ones are the presence of music, the use of animations, and the description of vaccine characteristics. These results confirm that Covid-19 vaccines could be promoted via TikTok by health organizations by using alternative communication strategies.

5.
Ricerca e Pratica ; 37(4):161-166, 2021.
Article in Italian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1896582

ABSTRACT

Youtube and other social media platforms are increasingly used in health communication. Information concerning the anti-Covid-19 vaccine also passes through this platform. We conducted a cross-sectional infodemiology study by analysing the 104 most popular Italian videos seen on Youtube providing information on the anti-Covid-19 vaccine. Sixty-seven percent of the videos are published by news/media agencies, 7% by institutional organizations, 3% by healthcare professionals, and 23% by private users. Fifty-seven percent of the videos promote the use of Covid-19 vaccines and vaccinations, 17% are against it, and 26% are neutral. The videos created by private users were viewed more often and had higher levels of engagement than the videos created by health institutions and organizations. The same can be said of the videos against vaccines and vaccinations, which gained greater visibility and bigger reactions than the videos promoting them. Our study seems to confirm what has been observed in other studies conducted on the communication efforts for other types of vaccinations: communication activated on social media platforms by traditional health institutions and news/media agencies seems to be less attractive and pervasive than that operated by other categories of users, which often lacks a solid scientific basis, thus favoring the spread of fake news.

6.
Ricerca e Pratica ; 37(1):15-22, 2021.
Article in Italian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1896579

ABSTRACT

Digital technologies are transforming society and our way of life. The Covid- 19 emergency has further accelerated this transformation, making available remote services that have replaced those we used to use in presence. This transformation has given a further boost to digital health. Many services for telemedicine in all its forms (remote televisit, telehealth, telerehabilitation, telemonitoring) are now available and in some cases can be prescribed and reimbursed by national health systems or insurance companies. Apps and wearables are increasingly used to collect health data and can help promote healthy lifestyles, disseminate information for the prevention and management of certain diseases, involve the patient in treatment, and improve adherence to therapy and doctor-patient communication. Digital therapeutics, providing software that modify lifestyles and deliver cognitive-behavioural interventions, offer therapeutic interventions based on solid scientific evidence to prevent, manage, or treat a wide range of physical, mental and behavioural conditions. Artificial intelligence and machine learning systems help to analyse and interpret data produced in the medical field to create diagnostic and predictive systems, systems for defining the best treatment to administer to a patient, and systems for identifying new drugs. It is essential, however, that digital health tools be rigorously tested and regulated before widespread adoption, as is the case with normal medical devices and drug therapies.

7.
Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia ; 38(4):30, 2021.
Article in Italian | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1380287

ABSTRACT

About 60% of the world population has access to the Internet in 2021, making it the main tool in fostering communication between people. Lately, digital information and communication have especially taken place on platforms known as Social Media (SoMe) or Social Networks. In the last decade the usefulness of these tools in carrying information aimed at updating professionals in Medicine and Nephrology has become evident. There are several examples of SoMe utilization in Nephrology, as demonstrated by the existing accounts or Pages operated by the main international nephrological Scientific Societies, or the most renowned specialized medical journals. Twitter, Facebook and YouTube are the most versatile SoMe for these objectives;however, other platforms such as Tik Tok, Linkedin, Instagram, and WhatsApp may serve the same purpose. This digital revolution in disseminating information has proved very useful during the recent COVID-19 pandemic, even though some inappropriate uses have emerged, such as the diffusion of fake news, which has favored the emergence of "adverse effects" or a surge of antiscientific positions. In this review, we examine how physicians and nephrologists can take advantage of digital information for their continuing education. We quote the main resources in the international scenario and illustrate some specific national examples, such as the Journal Club of the Nephrology post-graduate program of the University of Milan and the Facebook group "Medical and Nephrology Community".

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