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1.
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy ; 43:S512-S513, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1859709

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: A COVID-19, oriunda do novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2) se espalhou como uma pandemia, causando mais de 4 milhão de mortes globalmente, tornando-se uma emergência de saúde pública. O número de casos de pacientes recuperados é crescente, o que pode ser crucial sobre o curso da doença. Na forma grave da doença é possível observar linfopenia e leucopenia. Estes achados podem ser auxiliares como indicadores clínicos para avaliação e progressão da doença. Desta forma, este trabalho teve como objetivo descrever o perfil leucocitário dos indivíduos positivos na sorologia para o SARS-CoV-2. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo em que indivíduos adultos de ambos os sexos, participantes do projeto EpiSergipe e que apresentaram resultado positivo ao teste rápido para IgG/IgM confirmado por sorologia. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue periférico para realização do hemograma e análise sorológica utilizando o kit comercial de imunoensaio fluorescente (IchromaTM COVID-19 Ab) em que os procedimentos foram realizados de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante. Resultados: Foram analisadas amostras de 847 pacientes com sorologia positiva para o SARS-CoV-2, assintomáticos ou com sintomas leves, sendo 275 do sexo masculino (32,47%) e 572 do sexo feminino (67,53%). Do total de hemogramas analisados, 9,33% apresentaram leucocitose e 2,01% leucopenia (média leucócitos totais = 7.370/mm3 /±2,10). A linfocitose foi observada em 23,61% dos indivíduos e a linfopenia foi observada em apenas 1,18% (média linfócitos = 2.550/mm3/±772). A neutrofilia foi observada em 5,90% dos participantes e a neutropenia em 5,31% (média neutrófilos = 4.280/mm3/±1,67). A maioria dos hemogramas analisados (67,41%) apresentaram todos os parâmetros normais. Discussão: A linfocitose, de acordo com estudos, pode auxiliar na previsão e acompanhamento da progressão da COVID-19, neste estudo foi observada em 23,61% dos hemogramas analisados, enfatizando que os participantes do presente estudo eram assintomáticos e sintomáticos leves, o que pode justificar o porquê grande parte dos pacientes apresentaram parâmetros dentro da normalidade. Além disso um estudo publicado em 2021, comparou os achados hematológicos de óbitos por COVID-19 com os de sobreviventes, nos indivíduos que morreram havia maior contagem de neutrófilos e leucócitos, e uma diminuição nos linfócitos, quando comparados aos sobreviventes. Neste estudo, não houveram óbitos, as taxas encontradas de leucocitose e neutrofilia foram de 9,33% e 5,90% respectivamente, e a linfopenia 1,18%. Conclusão: A partir dos resultados prévios encontrados, observa-se alterações no perfil leucocitário em indivíduos com COVID-19, condizentes com os descritos recentemente na literatura.

2.
Revista Pesquisa em Fisioterapia ; 11(3):510-517, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1438922

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The covid-19 pandemic has made it necessary to study the impact of the pandemic and the new work routines imposed on workers on the health status of health professionals, especially hospital-based physical therapists. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness of hospital-based physical therapists during the covid-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional, prospective study conducted in a public hospital in northeastern Brazil. The research had as target audience, hospital-based physical therapists working or not in covid sectors during the covid-19 pandemic. We applied the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and questionnaires with demographic, work, health, and stress perception characteristics. RESULTS: Forty-five physical therapists participated in the study, and it was observed that 62.2% were female, 66.7% reported working 60h per week, and 55.6% worked in the covid and non-covid sectors. A high frequency of poor sleep quality (68.9%) was observed regardless of workload or work sector. In addition, there was a higher prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness (43.3%) among physical therapists who worked 60h per week. CONCLUSION: Hospital-based physical therapists in a public institution have poor sleep quality, and those who work more hours have a higher prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness. © 2021, BAHIANA - School of Medicine and Public Health. All rights reserved.

3.
Revista Pegada ; 21(2):302-332, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1001337

ABSTRACT

The article focuses on the scenario of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic that has spread rapidly throughout the world and points to a funeral, uncertain and catastrophic horizon for workers, already in a precarious social situation, in the framework of the structural crisis. In the course of decades of destruction imposed by Neoliberalism transmuted into Ultra, which privileges financial accumulation and predatory exploitation of nature and human labour, the possibilities of the reproduction of capital face challenges in the rupture of its own functioning. With one third of the world in isolation, falls in profit rates, an increase in public debt, shrinking consumption and widespread unemployment, capital only finds an immediate outlet in the onslaught on over-exploitation and devaluation of labor, which not only reveals its centrality but also promotes the material conditions of social explosions.

4.
IEEE Engineering Management Review ; 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-820316

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has caused dramatic effects on the world economy, business activities, and people. But digitization is also helping many companies to adapt and overcome the current situation caused by COVID-19. The growth in the use of technology in the daily lives of people and companies to face this exceptional situation is an evidence of the digital acceleration process. This exploratory study analyzes the impact of digital transformation processes in three business areas: labor and social relations, marketing and sales, and technology. The impact of digitalization is expected to be transversal to each area and will encourage the emergence of new digital products and services based on the principle of flexibility. Additionally, new ways of working will foster the demand for new talent regardless of people's geographical location. Moreover, cybersecurity and privacy will become two key elements that will support the integrated development of the Internet of Things technology solutions, artificial intelligence, big data, and robotics. IEEE

5.
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy ; 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-820315

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This short communication aims to explore and synthesize the main effects of COVID-19 on the labor market in Portugal regarding the dimensions related to job security and unemployment. Design/methodology/approach: Field research is used to identify and understand the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic to the labor market in Portugal. Data from the National Institute of Statistics of Portugal are analyzed and compared with artifacts published in the field, which allow us to explore the impact of this phenomenon from multiple perspectives. Findings: The findings indicate that the impact on the labor market is very asymmetric regarding geographical regions, sectors of activity, age groups and the nature of labor ties. The most touristic regions and those with a strong dependence on the exterior are the most affected. Young people and women with unstable employment relationships and in temporary work situations are also particularly vulnerable. Originality/value: This study focuses on an emerging area with a strong impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the labor market. This study seeks both to identify challenges in the Portuguese labor market and to discuss measures that should be taken to mitigate their effects, such as reforming the social security model, the role of teleworking or the more balanced development of the territory. © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited.

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