Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
1.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(2): 467-474, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1442185

ABSTRACT

The stem-loop (SL1) is the 5'-terminal structural element within the single-stranded SARS-CoV-2 RNA genome. It is formed by nucleotides 7-33 and consists of two short helical segments interrupted by an asymmetric internal loop. This architecture is conserved among Betacoronaviruses. SL1 is present in genomic SARS-CoV-2 RNA as well as in all subgenomic mRNA species produced by the virus during replication, thus representing a ubiquitous cis-regulatory RNA with potential functions at all stages of the viral life cycle. We present here the 1H, 13C and 15N chemical shift assignment of the 29 nucleotides-RNA construct 5_SL1, which denotes the native 27mer SL1 stabilized by an additional terminal G-C base-pair.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Nucleic Acid Conformation , RNA, Spliced Leader
2.
Angew Chem Weinheim Bergstr Ger ; 133(21): 11991-11998, 2021 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1381836

ABSTRACT

2D NOESY plays a central role in structural NMR spectroscopy. We have recently discussed methods that rely on solvent-driven exchanges to enhance NOE correlations between exchangeable and non-exchangeable protons in nucleic acids. Such methods, however, fail when trying to establish connectivities within pools of labile protons. This study introduces an alternative that also enhances NOEs between such labile sites, based on encoding a priori selected peaks by selective saturations. The resulting selective magnetization transfer (SMT) experiment proves particularly useful for enhancing the imino-imino cross-peaks in RNAs, which is a first step in the NMR resolution of these structures. The origins of these enhancements are discussed, and their potential is demonstrated on RNA fragments derived from the genome of SARS-CoV-2, recorded with better sensitivity and an order of magnitude faster than conventional 2D counterparts.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(21): 11884-11891, 2021 05 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1384108

ABSTRACT

2D NOESY plays a central role in structural NMR spectroscopy. We have recently discussed methods that rely on solvent-driven exchanges to enhance NOE correlations between exchangeable and non-exchangeable protons in nucleic acids. Such methods, however, fail when trying to establish connectivities within pools of labile protons. This study introduces an alternative that also enhances NOEs between such labile sites, based on encoding a priori selected peaks by selective saturations. The resulting selective magnetization transfer (SMT) experiment proves particularly useful for enhancing the imino-imino cross-peaks in RNAs, which is a first step in the NMR resolution of these structures. The origins of these enhancements are discussed, and their potential is demonstrated on RNA fragments derived from the genome of SARS-CoV-2, recorded with better sensitivity and an order of magnitude faster than conventional 2D counterparts.


Subject(s)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular/methods , Protons , RNA, Viral/analysis , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Magnetic Phenomena , RNA, Viral/chemistry
5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(13): 4942-4948, 2021 04 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1387161

ABSTRACT

Multidimensional NOESY experiments targeting correlations between exchangeable imino and amino protons provide valuable information about base pairing in nucleic acids. It has been recently shown that the sensitivity of homonuclear correlations involving RNA's labile imino protons can be significantly enhanced, by exploiting the repolarization brought about by solvent exchanges. Homonuclear correlations, however, are of limited spectral resolution, and usually incapable of tackling relatively large homopolymers with repeating structures like RNAs. This study presents a heteronuclear-resolved version of those NOESY experiments, in which magnetization transfers between the aqueous solvent and the nucleic acid protons are controlled by selecting specific chemical shift combinations of a coupled 1H-15N spin pair. This selective control effectively leads to a pseudo-3D version of HSQC-NOESY, but with cross-peaks enhanced by ∼2-5× as compared with conventional 2D NOESY counterparts. The enhanced signal sensitivity as well as access to both 15N-1H and 1H-1H NOESY dimensions can greatly facilitate RNA assignments and secondary structure determinations, as demonstrated here with the analysis of genome fragments derived from the SARS-CoV-2 virus.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Phenomena , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , RNA, Viral/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Temperature
6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(35): 19191-19200, 2021 08 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1279344

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 contains a positive single-stranded RNA genome of approximately 30 000 nucleotides. Within this genome, 15 RNA elements were identified as conserved between SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2. By nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, we previously determined that these elements fold independently, in line with data from in vivo and ex-vivo structural probing experiments. These elements contain non-base-paired regions that potentially harbor ligand-binding pockets. Here, we performed an NMR-based screening of a poised fragment library of 768 compounds for binding to these RNAs, employing three different 1 H-based 1D NMR binding assays. The screening identified common as well as RNA-element specific hits. The results allow selection of the most promising of the 15 RNA elements as putative drug targets. Based on the identified hits, we derive key functional units and groups in ligands for effective targeting of the RNA of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Genome , RNA, Viral/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Small Molecule Libraries/metabolism , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Ligands , Molecular Structure , Nucleic Acid Conformation , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , RNA, Viral/chemistry , Small Molecule Libraries/chemistry
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(13): 4942-4948, 2021 04 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1157892

ABSTRACT

Multidimensional NOESY experiments targeting correlations between exchangeable imino and amino protons provide valuable information about base pairing in nucleic acids. It has been recently shown that the sensitivity of homonuclear correlations involving RNA's labile imino protons can be significantly enhanced, by exploiting the repolarization brought about by solvent exchanges. Homonuclear correlations, however, are of limited spectral resolution, and usually incapable of tackling relatively large homopolymers with repeating structures like RNAs. This study presents a heteronuclear-resolved version of those NOESY experiments, in which magnetization transfers between the aqueous solvent and the nucleic acid protons are controlled by selecting specific chemical shift combinations of a coupled 1H-15N spin pair. This selective control effectively leads to a pseudo-3D version of HSQC-NOESY, but with cross-peaks enhanced by ∼2-5× as compared with conventional 2D NOESY counterparts. The enhanced signal sensitivity as well as access to both 15N-1H and 1H-1H NOESY dimensions can greatly facilitate RNA assignments and secondary structure determinations, as demonstrated here with the analysis of genome fragments derived from the SARS-CoV-2 virus.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Phenomena , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , RNA, Viral/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Temperature
8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(21): 11884-11891, 2021 05 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1121482

ABSTRACT

2D NOESY plays a central role in structural NMR spectroscopy. We have recently discussed methods that rely on solvent-driven exchanges to enhance NOE correlations between exchangeable and non-exchangeable protons in nucleic acids. Such methods, however, fail when trying to establish connectivities within pools of labile protons. This study introduces an alternative that also enhances NOEs between such labile sites, based on encoding a priori selected peaks by selective saturations. The resulting selective magnetization transfer (SMT) experiment proves particularly useful for enhancing the imino-imino cross-peaks in RNAs, which is a first step in the NMR resolution of these structures. The origins of these enhancements are discussed, and their potential is demonstrated on RNA fragments derived from the genome of SARS-CoV-2, recorded with better sensitivity and an order of magnitude faster than conventional 2D counterparts.


Subject(s)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular/methods , Protons , RNA, Viral/analysis , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Magnetic Phenomena , RNA, Viral/chemistry
9.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 15(1): 203-211, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1046684

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 (SCoV-2) virus is the causative agent of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. It contains a positive sense single-stranded RNA genome and belongs to the genus of Betacoronaviruses. The 5'- and 3'-genomic ends of the 30 kb SCoV-2 genome are potential antiviral drug targets. Major parts of these sequences are highly conserved among Betacoronaviruses and contain cis-acting RNA elements that affect RNA translation and replication. The 31 nucleotide (nt) long highly conserved stem-loop 5a (SL5a) is located within the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) important for viral replication. SL5a features a U-rich asymmetric bulge and is capped with a 5'-UUUCGU-3' hexaloop, which is also found in stem-loop 5b (SL5b). We herein report the extensive 1H, 13C and 15N resonance assignment of SL5a as basis for in-depth structural studies by solution NMR spectroscopy.


Subject(s)
5' Untranslated Regions , Coronavirus Papain-Like Proteases/chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Carbon Isotopes , Genes, Viral , Hydrogen , Nitrogen Isotopes , Protein Binding , Protein Domains , Protein Structure, Secondary
10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(22): 12415-12435, 2020 12 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-917705

ABSTRACT

The current pandemic situation caused by the Betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (SCoV2) highlights the need for coordinated research to combat COVID-19. A particularly important aspect is the development of medication. In addition to viral proteins, structured RNA elements represent a potent alternative as drug targets. The search for drugs that target RNA requires their high-resolution structural characterization. Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a worldwide consortium of NMR researchers aims to characterize potential RNA drug targets of SCoV2. Here, we report the characterization of 15 conserved RNA elements located at the 5' end, the ribosomal frameshift segment and the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the SCoV2 genome, their large-scale production and NMR-based secondary structure determination. The NMR data are corroborated with secondary structure probing by DMS footprinting experiments. The close agreement of NMR secondary structure determination of isolated RNA elements with DMS footprinting and NMR performed on larger RNA regions shows that the secondary structure elements fold independently. The NMR data reported here provide the basis for NMR investigations of RNA function, RNA interactions with viral and host proteins and screening campaigns to identify potential RNA binders for pharmaceutical intervention.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Nucleic Acid Conformation , RNA, Viral/chemistry , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics , Base Sequence , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Frameshifting, Ribosomal/genetics , Genome, Viral/genetics , Humans , Models, Molecular , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2/physiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...