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1.
Viruses ; 14(7)2022 Jun 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911647

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, responsible for an atypical pneumonia that can progress to acute lung injury. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that control specific genes and pathways. This study evaluated the association between circulating miRNAs and lung injury associated with COVID-19. Methods: We evaluated lung injury by computed tomography at hospital admission and discharge and the serum expression of 754 miRNAs using the TaqMan OpenArray after hospital discharge in 27 patients with COVID-19. In addition, miR-150-3p was validated by qRT-PCR on serum samples collected at admission and after hospital discharge. Results: OpenArray analysis revealed that seven miRNAs were differentially expressed between groups of patients without radiological lung improvement compared to those with lung improvement at hospital discharge, with three miRNAs being upregulated (miR-548c-3p, miR-212-3p, and miR-548a-3p) and four downregulated (miR-191-5p, miR-151a-3p, miR-92a-3p, and miR-150-3p). Bioinformatics analysis revealed that five of these miRNAs had binding sites in the SARS-CoV-2 genome. Validation of miR-150-3p by qRT-PCR confirmed the OpenArray results. Conclusions: The present study shows the potential association between the serum expression of seven miRNAs and lung injury in patients with COVID-19. Furthermore, increased expression of miR-150 was associated with pulmonary improvement at hospital discharge.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lung Injury , MicroRNAs , COVID-19/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 246(23): 2495-2501, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1317113

ABSTRACT

In this cross-sectional study, we investigate the presence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Ribonucleic Acid (SARS-CoV-2 RNA) in the tears of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. After laboratory confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 infection by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, tear samples from both eyes of each patient were collected using conjunctival swab for RT-PCR. Detailed demographic profile, systemic and ocular symptoms, comorbidities, clinical, ancillary, and ocular manifestations were evaluated. Of the 83 patients enrolled in the study, 7 (8.43%) had SARS-CoV-2 RNA detected in the tear samples. Neutrophils' count, C-reactive protein, and D-dimer were higher in patients with SARS-CoV-2 detected in tears than in patients without virus in ocular surface samples. One patient with SARS-CoV-2 in tears showed mild ocular eyelid edema, hyperemia, and chemosis. No relevant ocular manifestations were detected in the other patients. Although the levels of viral RNA on ocular surface samples were low for most patients (5/7), with positivity only for gene N and CT higher than 30, two patients were positive for all viral targets tested (N, E, and RpRd), with viral load near 1 × 105 ePFU/mL, indicating that the ocular transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is a possibility that needs to be considered, especially in the hospital environment. Further studies need to be conducted to demonstrate whether infective viral particles could be isolated from tears.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/virology , Eye Infections, Viral/virology , Eye/virology , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , Adult , Aged , Brazil , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/pathology , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/statistics & numerical data , Eye Infections, Viral/epidemiology , Eye Infections, Viral/pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Tears/virology , Viral Load
3.
J Mycol Med ; 31(4): 101175, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1309346

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 co-infections have been described with different pathogens, including filamentous and yeast fungi. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective case series study conducted from February to December 2020, at a Brazilian university hospital. Data were collected from two hospital surveillance systems: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) surveillance (Mycosis Resistance Program - MIRE) and COVID-19 surveillance. Data from both surveillance systems were cross-checked to identify individuals diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 (by positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR)) and IFI during hospital stays within the study period. RESULTS: During the study period, 716 inpatients with COVID-19 and 55 cases of IFI were identified. Fungal co-infection with SARS-CoV-2 was observed in eight (1%) patients: three cases of aspergillosis; four candidemia and one cryptococcosis. The median age of patients was 66 years (IQR 58-71 years; range of 28-77 years) and 62.5% were men. Diagnosis of IFI occurred a median of 11.5 days (IQR 4.5-23 days) after admission and 11 days (IQR 6.5-16 days) after a positive PCR result for SARS-CoV-2. In 75% of cases, IFI was diagnosed in the intensive care unit (ICU). Cases of aspergillosis emerged earlier than those of candidemia: an average of 8.6 and 28.6 days after a positive PCR for SARS-CoV-2, respectively. All the patients with both infections ultimately died. CONCLUSION: A low rate of COVID-19 co-infection with IFI was observed, with high mortality. Most cases were diagnosed in ICU patients. Aspergillosis diagnosis is highly complex in this context and requires different criteria.


Subject(s)
Aspergillosis , COVID-19 , Candidemia , Coinfection , Cryptococcosis , Adult , Aged , Aspergillosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Candidemia/epidemiology , Coinfection/epidemiology , Cryptococcosis/epidemiology , Female , Fungi , Hospitals, University , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies
4.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(6): 1737-1740, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1191601

ABSTRACT

We documented 4 cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 reinfection by non-variant of concern strains among healthcare workers in Campinas, Brazil. We isolated infectious particles from nasopharyngeal secretions during both infection episodes. Improved and continued protection measures are necessary to mitigate the risk for reinfection among healthcare workers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Health Personnel , Reinfection/diagnosis , Reinfection/virology , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification , Virus Shedding , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Reinfection/therapy
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