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PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science ; 19(12):e1004136, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2140367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The benefit of primary and booster vaccination in people who experienced a prior Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection remains unclear. The objective of this study was to estimate the effectiveness of primary (two-dose series) and booster (third dose) mRNA vaccination against Omicron (lineage BA.1) infection among people with a prior documented infection.

2.
2022 ACM Symposium on Computer Science and Law, CSLAW 2022 ; : 143-154, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2138163

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the use of an architectural perspective to study complex data ecosystems and to facilitate a normative discourse on such ecosystems. It argues that an architectural perspective is helpful to bridging discursive and methodological gaps between information systems (IS) research and legal studies. Combining architectural and normative perspectives is a novel interdisciplinary research approach that provides a framework for analyzing techno-legal contexts. The merits and challenges of this approach are demonstrated and discussed in this paper using the example of COVID-19 contact tracing apps. We conceptualize our results on three levels of knowledge: the first is the actual knowledge of the exemplary contact tracing app we studied and its ecosystem;the second is knowledge of the architectural meta-model that we used, its benefits and its shortcomings;and the third is knowledge of the interdisciplinary research process of acquiring common knowledge shared by IS scholars and legal experts. © 2022 Owner/Author.

3.
Zeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie ; 50(2):90-99, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1783942

ABSTRACT

Theoretical background: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the daily lives of students completely. Studies indicated that psychology students may be less stressed during the pandemic than other students. This study compares psychology students and students from other disciplines regarding their mental health, alcohol consumption, and partnerships after the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The study sample consisted of n = 127 psychology students and n = 579 students from other disciplines at the TU Braunschweig in Germany who participated in an online survey in June/July of 2021. To analyze the differences between the psychology students and students from other disciplines after the third wave, we calculated t-tests, Chi2-tests, and U-tests separately for female and male students. Results: Significantly fewer female psychology students were above the cut-off values for clinically relevant depressive symptoms (31.5%;p <.001, Cramer's V =.32) and anxiety symptoms (22.2%;p <.001, Cramer's V =.27) than other female students (depressive symptoms: 66.1%;anxiety symptoms: 41.9 %). The small sample of male psychology students showed similar tendencies. While female psychology students rated their general health and life satisfaction higher than other female students, male psychology students were less concerned about their professional future than their respective counterparts. No differences were found concerning alcohol consumption and partnerships. Conclusion: We found indications that psychology students, especially female students, are less psychologically distressed after the third wave than students from other disciplines. Better mental health knowledge could be an explanation for this. © 2022 The Author(s).

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