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1.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2022 Jun 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1885954

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The literature reported an increased avoidance of the Emergency Department (ED) during COrona VIrus Disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic, causing a subsequent increase of morbidity and mortality for acute conditions. Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency, which can lead to the loss of the affected testicle if a delayed treatment occurs. As testicular loss is time-related, outcome was hypothesized to be negatively affected by the pandemic. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to investigate whether presentation, treatment and outcomes of children with testicular torsion were delayed during COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of pediatric patients operated for testicular torsion of six Paediatric Surgical Units in Northern Italy between January 2019 and December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided as for ones treated during (dC) or before the pandemic (pC). To reflect possible seasonality, related to lockdown restrictions, winter and summer calendar blocks were also analysed. For all cohorts, demographic data, pre-operative evaluation, operative notes and post-operative outcomes were reviewed. Primary outcomes were referral time, time from diagnosis to surgery and ischemic time, while secondary outcomes were orchiectomy and atrophy rates. Statistic was conducted as appropriate. RESULTS: A total of 188 patients with acute testicular torsion were included in the study period, 89 in the pre-COVID-19 (pC) period and 99 during COVID-19 (dC). Time from symptom onset to the access to the Emergency Department (T1) was not different among the two populations (pC: 5,5 h, dC: 6 h, p 0.374), and similarly time from diagnosis to surgery (pC: 2,5 h, dC: 2,5 h, p 0.970) and ischemic time (pC: 8,2 h, dC: 10 h, p 0.655). T1 was <6 h in 46/99 patients (46%) pC and 45/89 patients (51%) dC (p = 0.88, Fisher's exact test). Subgroup analysis accounting for different lockdown measures, confirm the absence of any difference. Orchiectomies rate was 23% (23/99) dC and 21% (19/89) pC (p = 0.861, Fisher's exact test) and rate of post-operative atrophy was 9% dC (7/76) and 14% pC (10/70), p = 0,44, Fisher's exact test. DISCUSSION: Despite worldwide pediatric ED accesses reduction, we reported that neither ischemic time nor the long-term outcomes in children with testicular torsion increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the available literature, few studies investigated the topic and are controversial on the results. Similarly to our findings, some studies found that timing and orchiectomy rates were not significantly different during the pandemic, while others reported a correlation to pandemic seasonality. Furthermore, in the recent pediatric literature it has been reported a delayed testicular torsion diagnosis due to shame in informing parents. Strengths of this study are the large numerosity, its multicentric design and a long study period. Its main limitation is being retrospective. CONCLUSIONS: We reported our large cohort from one of the most heavily COVID-19-affected regions, finding that referral, intra-hospital protocols and ischemic time in testicular torsion were not increased during to the pandemic, as well as orchiectomy rate and atrophy.

2.
Pediatrics ; 149(6)2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1760010

ABSTRACT

Nonrespiratory conditions related to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections have been largely described. Ileocolic intussusception has been reported in association with SARS-CoV-2 infection in 10 children, raising the possibility of an etiopathologic role for the virus, but none of these cases documented tissue pathology that would have supported SARS-CoV-2 intestinal inflammation. We report 2 cases of intussusception in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection who were treated at different pediatric tertiary centers in Europe and provide evidence of the presence of the virus in mesenteric and intestinal tissues of the patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Intussusception , COVID-19/complications , Child , Europe , Humans , Infant , Intussusception/diagnostic imaging , Intussusception/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
3.
JPGN Rep ; 1(2): e018, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-968759

ABSTRACT

In February 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic overwhelmed Italy. We retrospectively reviewed all attendances and emergency (A&E) admissions due to foreign-body ingestions (FBIs) to an Italian pediatric referral hospital, from February 24 to April 24, 2020, COVID-19 lockdown and compared them with the same period in the previous 4 years. A total of 101 cases were recorded. Mean age of admission was 4.6 years. Groups did not differ for gender (P = 0.4) or age (P = 0.3). Among FBIs ingestions, 24.0% occurred in children with <2 years of age and 47.5% in children from 2 to 6 years of age. In the 2020 study period, 9 patients were seen for batteries ingestion compared with a median value of one among compared periods. The rates of batteries ingestions increased significantly over the observational period (P < 0.001). We report a dramatic increase in batteries ingestions in children, a potentially fatal event, during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown.

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