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Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:2496-2506, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2121026


Being a teacher is difficult. There are numerous causes, but there are also ways to help the teacher deal with them.One of the primary factors driving many teachers out of the profession is teacher stress. While teaching has always been stressful, it has become exacerbated by the difficulties that many educators have faced as a result of Covid-19. A whopping 60% of teachers reported being stressed. Due to stress, many educators are considering leaving for the first time or have already left the profession.The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that bring in stress. A convenient sampling technique was used in this study. A total of 220 teachers were included in the study who belonged to Chennai, Bangalore and Kerela states. A previously validated questionnaire named Brief Job Stress Questionnairewhich was adopted for the study. The results of the study revealthatout of the fiveconstructs - time spent outside of work, self-assessment ability, relationships between teachers, social interaction outside teaching and duties outside teaching, the stress is impacted by duties outside teaching and induces them to feel unproductive. This research examined the impact of various dimensions on the stress level of teachers.Confirmatory factor analysis extracted five factors: "Time spent outside of work," "Self-assessment of one's ability as a teacher," "Relationship with other teachers," "Social interactions outside of teaching," and "Duties outside of teaching."Originality/value -This study helps to understand the level of stressencountered by teachers in colleges and to take corrective measures to mitigate the level of stress thereby enhancing the standards of working environment.

Chest ; 162(4):A1289-A1290, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2060797


SESSION TITLE: COVID-19 Case Report Posters 2 SESSION TYPE: Case Report Posters PRESENTED ON: 10/19/2022 12:45 pm - 01:45 pm INTRODUCTION: Much has been learned about the immune dysregulation and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic.1 Patients with interstitial lung disease are often on immunosuppressive agents, such as rituximab, which is a B-cell depleting agent. There has been a large retrospective cohort study showing that rituximab therapy was the only immunosuppressive medication with a trend towards in-hospital death.2 We present a case of COVID-19 in a patient on rituximab with ANCA vasculitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old male, never smoker, with ANCA positive vasculitis (positive MPO and PR3) and interstitial lung disease (on 4-5L of oxygen) presented to the hospital with nausea and fever for 2 days and was found to have a positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR. At the time of presentation, he was on rituximab 1000 mg x 2 doses every 6 months with last infusion one month prior to presentation, azathioprine 150 mg daily, prednisone 15 mg daily, nintedanib 100 mg BID, and IVIG monthly. Spirometry showed FVC of 1.60L/37% predicted and an FEV1 1.28L/39% predicted. Patient had 2 COVID vaccinations and one booster (all Pfizer mRNA), the latter 3 months prior to presentation. On admission, he was saturating at 55% on 4L and placed on 15L non-rebreather;he was afebrile, normotensive, and with a pulse of 110 BPM. Exam was notable for a cough, wheezing, and tachypnea. Lab work was notable for positive SARS-COV-2 PCR, a total white blood cell count of 5.3x103 uL, and a normal hemoglobin and platelet count. He had a CO2 of 34, normal creatinine, and no transaminitis. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was elevated at 318 U/L, and lactate was elevated at 3.5 mmol/L. His chest x-ray on admission demonstrated patchy filling opacities and low lung volumes. He received dexamethasone, remdesivir, and the monoclonal antibodies casirivimab and imdevimab (REGEN-COV) on the first day of admission. Patient also received his monthly IVIG dose inpatient. After a week, he was weaned back to his home oxygen and symptomatically back to baseline. Most recent PFTs on the same outpatient immunosuppressive regimen as prior to admission are unchanged. Patient received two doses of preventative monoclonal antibodies (EVUSHELD) 3 months after admission. DISCUSSION: Here we discuss a case of a patient with severe COVID-19 pneumonia requiring inpatient hospitalization despite three COVID mRNA vaccinations, likely secondary to difficulty in mounting an immune response to the vaccinations given his use of immunosuppressive medications. This is also an example of the early use of monoclonal antibodies in an inpatient with long term preservation of his underlying lung function.3 CONCLUSIONS: We recommend counseling and close observation of patients on rituximab due to risk of severe COVID-19 infection as well the use of preventative monoclonal antibodies (EVUSHELD). Reference #1: Jamal M, Bangash HI, Habiba M, Lei Y, Xie T, Sun J, Wei Z, Hong Z, Shao L, Zhang Q. Immune dysregulation and system pathology in COVID-19. Virulence. 2021 Dec;12(1):918-936. doi: 10.1080/21505594.2021.1898790. PMID: 33757410;PMCID: PMC7993139. Reference #2: Andersen, K. M., Bates, B. A., Rashidi, E. S., Olex, A. L., Mannon, R. B., Patel, R. C., Singh, J., Sun, J., Auwaerter, P. G., Ng, D. K., Segal, J. B., Garibaldi, B. T., Mehta, H. B., Alexander, G. C., Haendel, M. A., & Chute, C. G. (2022). Long-term use of immunosuppressive medicines and in-hospital COVID-19 outcomes: A retrospective cohort study using data from the National COVID Cohort Collaborative. The Lancet Rheumatology, 4(1), e33–e41. Reference #3: Weinreich, D. M., Sivapalasingam, S., Norton, T., Ali, S., Gao, H., Bhore, R., Xiao, J., Hooper, A. T., Hamilton, J. D., Musser, B. J., Rofail, D., Hussein, M., Im, J., Atmodjo, D. Y., Perry, C., Pan, C., Mahmood, A., Hosain, R., Davis, J. D., Yancopoulos, G. D. (2021). Regen-cov antibody combination and outcomes in outpatients with covid-19. New England Journal of Medicine, 385(23), e81. DISCLOSURES: Advisory Committee Member relationship with Genentech Please note: 2019-2022 Added 06/06/2022 by Ayodeji Adegunsoye, value=Consulting fee Advisory Committee Member relationship with Boehringer Ingelheim Please note: 2018-2022 Added 06/06/2022 by Ayodeji Adegunsoye, value=Consulting fee Speaker/Speaker's Bureau relationship with Boehringer Ingelheim Please note: 2018-2022 Added 06/06/2022 by Ayodeji Adegunsoye, value=Honoraria Consultant relationship with Genentech Please note: 2018-2020 by Ayodeji Adegunsoye, value=Consulting fee Removed 06/06/2022 by Ayodeji Adegunsoye No relevant relationships by Cathryn Lee No relevant relationships by Kavitha Selvan PI relationship with Boehringer-Ingelheim Please note: >$100000 by Mary Strek, value=Grant/Research Support PI relationship with Galapagos Please note: $70,000-100,00 by Mary Strek, value=Grant/Research Support Endpoint Adjudication Committee Member relationship with Fibrogen Please note: $1-$1000 by Mary Strek, value=Honoraria No relevant relationships by Rachel Strykowski

Critical Care Medicine ; 50(1 SUPPL):472, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1691841


INTRODUCTION: With the COVID pandemic, and recently updated practice guidelines for neuromuscular infusion (NMBI) use during ARDS, the practices/perceptions of ICU physicians regarding NMBI use during ARDS may not be evidence-based. METHODS: We developed, tested, and electronicallyadministered a questionnaire (9 questions/70 subquestions) to medical and surgical ICU fellow and attending physicians at 3 geographically-diverse U.S. health systems (U Arizona, U Chicago, Mass General Brigham). The IRB-approved questionnaire focused on adults with moderate-severe ARDS (PaO2:FiO2 < 150) with critical hypoxemia where dyssynchrony causes were addressed and PEEP optimized. Weekly reminders were sent twice. RESULTS: Respondents [173/342(50.5%)] primarily worked as an attending 117(75%) in a medical ICU 94(60%) for 12±8 weeks/year. COVID+ ARDS patients were twice as likely to receive a NMBI (56±37 vs. 28±19%;p< 0.01). Respondents somewhat/strongly agreed a NMBI: should be reserved until after a trial of deep sedation 142 (82%) or proning 59 (34%), be dose-titrated based on trainof- four monitoring 107(62%);and effectively reduced dyssynchrony 149(86%), plateau pressure 106(62%) and barotrauma 102(60%). Few respondents [23(18%)] somewhat/strongly agreed a NMBI should be initiated at ARDS onset 20(12%) or administered at a fixed-dose 12(7%). Only 2/14 potential NMBI risks were frequently reported to be of high/very high concern: prolonged muscle weakness during steroids 135(79%) and paralysis awareness due to inadequate sedation 114(67%). Only absence of dyssynchrony 146(87%) was frequently reported to be a very/extremely important NMBI titration target. Train-of-four 78(46%) and BIS 39(23%) monitoring and plateau pressure 67(40%) or PaO2:FiO2 64(38%) evaluation were deemed less important. Absence of dysschrony 93(56%) and use ≥48 hours 87(53%) were preferred NMBI stopping criteria. For COVID+ patients, few felt reduced self-extubation and COVID aerosolization during reintubation 16(9%) or reduced ventilator adjustments 7(5%) were very/extremely important reasons for NMBI use. CONCLUSIONS: Most physicians agree NMBI infusions in ARDS should be reserved until after trials of deep sedation. Paralysis awareness and prolonged muscle weakness are the greatest NMBI use concerns. Unique considerations in COVID+ ARDS patients exist.