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Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-4, 2022 May 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1852723


PURPOSE: To report a case of herpes simplex virus retinitis following ChadOx1 nCoV-19 (covishield) vaccination. CASE REPORT: A 29 year old immunocompetent male presented with unilateral disc edema with adjacent retinitis two days after receiving the first dose of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination. Extensive investigations to rule out infective etiology were negative except for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the vitreous specimen which was positive for the herpes simplex virus. A diagnosis of herpes simplex (HSV) retinitis post covid vaccination was made. The patient responded well to oral antivirals and steroids. CONCLUSION: HSV retinitis is a rare complication following the COVID-19 vaccination.

Indian J Ophthalmol ; 69(10): 2828-2835, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1441263


Purpose: To assess changes in the presentation patterns of posterior segment trauma during the COVID-19 pandemic from six tertiary eye care institutes of North and Central India. Methods: A multicenter, hospital-based, retrospective comparative analysis of patients presenting with posterior segment trauma was done during the COVID-19 (Group A) (March 25, 2020 - September 30, 2020) period and the pre-COVID-19 (Group B) (March 25, 2019 - September 30, 2019) period. Results: A total of 405 patients were diagnosed with posterior segment trauma (Group A: 206, Group B: 199). The time interval between onset of trauma and presentation was higher in Group A (16.59 ± 29.87 days) as compared to Group B (9.41 ± 19.19 days) (P = 0.004). A majority of patients in Group A had a history of prior consultation before presentation (P = 0.049). In Group A, 120 (58.2%) patients sustained ocular trauma at home as compared to 80 (40.2%) patients in Group B (P < 0.0001). Patients presenting with light perception were significantly more in Group A (43.7%) as compared to Group B (30.2%) (P = 0.004). In Group B, 37.6% patients had presenting visual acuity of counting finger or better as compared to 27.6% patients in Group A (P = 0.07). Patients in Group A had a significantly higher proportion of post-traumatic endophthalmitis with delayed presentation (P = 0.011) and retinal detachment (P = 0.041). Patients undergoing surgery for foreign-body removal were significantly fewer in Group A (P = 0.05). Conclusion: Although the number of patients presenting with posterior segment trauma was comparable in Groups A and B, a greater number of patients sustained home injuries during the COVID-19 pandemic. A majority of these patients had delayed presentation with poor presenting visual acuity and a higher tendency of retinal detachment.

COVID-19 , Eye Foreign Bodies , Eye Injuries, Penetrating , Eye Injuries , Eye Injuries/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 69(10): 2824-2827, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1441261


Purpose: To compare the post-cataract endophthalmitis (PCE) rates among eyes undergoing syringing or regurgitation on pressure over the lacrimal sac (ROPLAS) test prior to cataract surgery. Methods: We performed a single-center, retrospective, comparative analysis of eyes developing PCE who underwent syringing prior to cataract surgery (group A) in the pre-COVID-19 era between November 1 2019 and January 31, 2020 and the eyes that underwent ROPLAS test prior to cataract surgery (group B) in the COVID-19 era between November 1, 2020 and January 31, 2021. Results: A total of 87,144 eyes underwent cataract surgery during the two time periods of the study. Syringing was performed in 48,071 eyes, whereas ROPLAS was performed in 39,073 eyes. In group A, 19 eyes (0.039%) developed PCE, whereas 20 eyes (0.051%) developed PCE in group B (P = 0.517). Between the two groups, the grade of anterior chamber cellular reaction (P = 0.675), hypopyon (P = 0.738), and vitreous haze (P = 0.664) were comparable. Gram-positive organisms were detected in 4 eyes in group A and 6 eyes in group B; 2 eyes in group A had gram-negative bacilli. The presenting visual acuity (Group A: LogMAR 1.42 and Group B: LogMAR 1.30) and final visual acuity (Group A: LogMAR 0.52 and Group B: LogMAR 0.5) were comparable between the two groups. (P = 0.544 and 0.384, respectively). Conclusion: The rates of PCE were comparable among the eyes undergoing either syringing test or ROPLAS prior to cataract surgery.

COVID-19 , Cataract Extraction , Cataract , Endophthalmitis , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Nasolacrimal Duct , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Humans , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/diagnosis , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/epidemiology , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction/etiology , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2