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1.
International Journal of Manpower ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2078081

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic and technological advancements have enabled employees to telework. Referring to this emerging phenomenon, the authors aim to examine how employees' levels of trust in management mediated by psychological well-being impact their performance as they telework. Deploying the theoretical lens of person-environment misfit, the authors also explore the role of technostress in the trust-wellbeing-performance relationship. Design/methodology/approach: The data was collected from 511 full-time service sector employees across Indian organizations through a structured survey questionnaire. The proposed moderation-mediation model for this study was tested using structural equation modeling and bootstrapping method. Findings: Structural equation modeling results indicate that trust in management significantly impacts employee performance while teleworking. While psychological well-being was observed as a significant mediator, technostress played the moderator role in the trust-performance relationship. The moderated-mediation effect of psychological well-being in the trust-performance relationship was stronger when technostress was low and weaker when technostress was high. Research limitations/implications: The authors extend the person-environment misfit theory in the context of telework, highlighting the role of technostress that may impact the trust-wellbeing- performance relationship in such work settings. Practical implications: The study informs leaders and managers on balancing delicate aspects such as employee trust and well-being that significantly impact performance as they telework. The authors also highlight the critical role of managers in respecting employees' personal and professional boundaries to alleviate technostress. Originality/value: The authors make a novel theoretical contribution to the emerging literature on teleworking by examining the trust-psychological wellbeing-performance link and the role of technostress in this relationship. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

2.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; 61(10 Supplement):S294-S295, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2076269

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The goal of this year's Simon Wile Symposium is to explore innovative strategies to adjust systems and services addressing pediatric mental health challenges in hospital settings during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pediatric mental health needs climbed significantly during the pandemic, and pediatric consultation-liaison psychiatry services (PCLPS) have been at the forefront of addressing these needs in our community health systems. They have also been critical in supporting emotional health and well-being of fellow healthcare workers. National experts will share their innovative approaches to pivoting their PCLPS in their respective institutions and communities during the pandemic. Method(s): Center for Inclusive Child Care (CICC) members were polled on preferred topics in collaborative care and pediatric consultation-liaison to be presented at the upcoming annual meeting. We sought those pursuing innovative strategies that also might be able to provide to a variety of regions and programs. The literature around the PCLPS provision during the pandemic was reviewed, resulting in the current Symposium submission. Result(s): We will share data and strategies to support emotional health and well-being of healthcare workers in a large hospital system in an urban area that was hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. We will share data and lessons learned from one PCLPS in utilizing telehealth to support and augment pediatric mental health services in a large children's hospital. We will also review from a multisite survey of pediatric consultation-liaison and other data in comparison to one academic site, reviewing adaptations in services and utilization in children's hospitals across the country. We will present the recipient of the 2022 Simon Wile Award, who will present on a consultation-liaison or collaborative care topic. Conclusion(s): As child and adolescent psychiatrists continue to work to address the significantly increased child mental health needs in communities across the country during the COVID-19 pandemic, programs that have found innovative strategies to address these needs in children's hospitals and large health systems can help us learn how to respond to similar public health challenges in the future. Our speakers will share how child and adolescent psychiatrists can be at the forefront of meeting public health challenges now and in the future. CON, DS, PYI Copyright © 2022

3.
Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Combating Online Hostile Posts in Regional Languages during Emergency Situations (Constraint 2022) ; : 66-74, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2012654

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the spread of misinformation on online social media has grown exponentially. Unverified bogus claims on these platforms regularly mislead people, leading them to believe in half-baked truths. The current vogue is to employ manual fact-checkers to verify claims to combat this avalanche of misinformation. However, establishing such claims' veracity is becoming increasingly challenging, partly due to the plethora of information available, which is difficult to process manually. Thus, it becomes imperative to verify claims automatically without human interventions. To cope up with this issue, we propose an automated claim verification solution encompassing two steps - document retrieval and veracity prediction. For the retrieval module, we employ a hybrid search-based system with BM25 as a base retriever and experiment with recent state-of-the-art transformer-based models for re-ranking. Furthermore, we use a BART-based textual entailment architecture to authenticate the retrieved documents in the later step. We report experimental findings, demonstrating that our retrieval module outperforms the best baseline system by 10.32 NDCG@100 points. We escort a demonstration to assess the efficacy and impact of our suggested solution. As a byproduct of this study, we present an open-source, easily deployable, and user-friendly Python API that the community can adopt.

4.
25th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, MicroTAS 2021 ; : 1047-1048, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2012250

ABSTRACT

Silica fibers and capillaries offer opportunities for compact integration of optics with microfluidics while adding advantages such as;flexibility within a high aspect ratio format, uniaxial arrangements, and measurement-at-a-distance. Here, we describe droplet microfluidics-based nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 in a lab-in-a-fiber platform. The fiber component integrates three modules with key functions: droplet generation, incubation, and fluorescence detection. Within the scope of this work, we developed the component specifically to target the quantification of SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA through reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). The all-fiber component could successfully generate uniform droplets and differentiate pre-amplified positive LAMP reaction from negative sample. © 2021 MicroTAS 2021 - 25th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences. All rights reserved.

5.
Cancer Research ; 82(12), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1986458

ABSTRACT

Social isolation is associated with increased risk and mortality from many diseases, such as breast cancer. Socially isolated breast cancer survivors have a 43% higher risk of recurrence and a 64% higher risk of breast cancer-specific mortality than socially integrated survivors. Since Covid-19 has dramatically increased the incidence of social isolation, it is important to determine if social isolation affects the response to endocrine therapy and/or recurrence after the therapy is completed. Since previous studies indicate that social isolation increases circulating inflammatory cytokines, we investigated if an anti-inflammatory herbal mixture Jaeumkanghwa-tang (JGT) prevents the adverse effects of social isolation on breast cancer mortality. Estrogen receptor positive mammary tumors were initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene. When a rat developed a palpable mammary tumor, it was either socially isolated (SI) by housing it singly or a rat was allowed to remain group-housed (GH). Tamoxifen (340ppm via diet) or tamoxifen + JGT (500ppm via drinking water) started when the first mammary tumor reached a size of 11 mm in diameter. Tamoxifen administration ended when a complete response to this therapy had lasted for 9 weeks (corresponds to 5 years in women). During tamoxifen therapy, social isolation non-significantly reduced the rate of complete responses to 21%, from 31% in GH group (p>0.05). After the therapy was completed, SI significantly increased local mammary tumor recurrence (p<0.001;45% GH vs 75% SI). RNAseq analysis was performed in the mammary glands. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of transcriptome showed that the increased recurrence risk in socially isolated rats was associated with an enrichment of IL6/JAK/STAT3 signaling: this result was confirmed in the tumors. In addition, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) pathway was suppressed: the suppressed genes included those involved in mitochondrial pyruvate transport and conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA as well as genes in the TCA cycle and mediating electron transport in mitochondrial complexes I-IV. Social isolation also increased the expression of inflammatory receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) (p≤0.05). Consumption of an anti-inflammatory JGT inhibited IL6/JAK/STAT3 signaling, upregulated OXPHOS signaling and prevented the increased risk of mammary cancer recurrence in socially isolated animals. The percentage of recurrences in the SI rats dropped from 75% without JGT to 22% with JGT (p<0.001). Breast cancer mortality among socially isolated survivors may be most effectively prevented by focusing on the period following endocrine therapy using tools that inhibit IL6/JAK/STAT3 inflammatory cytokine signaling and correct disrupted OXPHOS and mitochondrial dysfunction.

6.
Journal of Scientometric Research ; 11(1):47-54, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1897066

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the dynamics of the published articles and preprints of Covid-19 related literature from different scientific databases and sharing platforms. The PubMed, ScienceDirect, and ResearchGate (RG) databases were under consideration in this study over a specific time. Analyses were carried out on the number of publications as (a) function of time (day), (b) journals and (c) authors. Doubling time of the number of publications was analyzed for PubMed "all articles" and ScienceDirect published articles. Analyzed databases were (1A) PubMed (01/12/2019-12/06/2020) "all_articles" (16) PubMed Review articles) and (1C) PubMed Clinical Trials (2) ScienceDirect all publications (01/12/2019- 25/05/2020) (3) RG (Article, Pre Print, Technical Report) (15/04/2020 - 30/4/2020). Total publications in the observation period for PubMed, ScienceDirect, and RG were 23000, 5898 and 5393 respectively. The average number of publications/day for PubMed, ScienceDirect and RG were 70.0 +/- 128.6, 77.6 +/- 125.3 and 255.6 +/- 205.8 respectively. PubMed shows an avalanche in the number of publications around May 10, the number of publications jumped from 6.0 +/- 8.4/day to 282.5 +/- 110.3/ day. The average doubling time for PubMed, ScienceDirect, and RG was 10.3 +/- 4 days, 20.6 days, and 2.3 +/- 2.0 days respectively. The average number of publications per author for PubMed, ScienceDirect, and RG was 1.2 +/- 1.4, 1.3 +/- 0.9, and 1.1 +/- 0.4 respectively. Subgroup analysis, PubMed review articles mean review <0 vertical bar 17 +/- 17 vertical bar 77> days: and reducing at a rate of -0.21 days (count)/day. The number of publications related to the COVID-19 until now is huge and growing very fast with time. It is essential to rationalize and limit the publications.

7.
Diabetic Medicine ; 39(SUPPL 1):65, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868627

ABSTRACT

Aims: To assess whether patients with GDM who delivered in Portsmouth received postnatal glucose testing in line with NICE guideline (NG3) and if not, to establish the reasoning for this. Methods: Electronic records were used to identify patients with GDM who delivered between April 2019 and April 2020 to determine whether they undertook a HbA1c or fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) following delivery. Patients with no documented tests were contacted by phone and asked why they did not undertake testing. Results: Case records for 569 patients were analysed, of whom 6% undertook a FPG between 6 and 13 weeks following delivery and 24% received either FPG or HbA1c between 13 weeks and 6 months, equivalent to 30% fulfilling NICE guidelines. 19% of patients had a premature HbA1c test between 6 and 13 weeks following delivery. Patients with no documented HbA1c or FPG were contacted (n = 180, 32%). 100 responses were obtained with the main reasons for non-testing reported as: covid-19 pandemic (34%), unaware of need for follow up (27%), forgetting (25%), too busy (18%), difficulty accessing GP appointment (14%) and not knowing they needed to self-book (12%). Conclusions: Uptake of recommended postnatal glucose testing is poor and 27% of patients who did not receive any follow up were not aware of the need for it. Education on the importance of post-partum testing during pregnancy and immediately postpartum, and reminders to patients to book tests may enhance uptake rates.

8.
Lung India ; 39(SUPPL 1):S141, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1857719

ABSTRACT

Background: The multisystem involvement of covid-19 lingers in post-covid phase. The significance of baseline resting pulse rate was looked for in long-covid relating to symptoms in acute phase, 2-chair test response, and echocardiography. Methods: Serial long-covid patients attending out-patient department were included. They were evaluated on demographic (age, height, weight, and BMI), characteristics, symptom score in acute phase (symptom severity in 0 to 5 scale X duration of symptoms), variables (pulse-rate and SpO2 changes) related to 2 chair test and resting Doppler echocardiography (LV ejection fraction, TSAPSE, left and right ventricular free wall GLS, and LV filling pressure. Two groups with pulse rate below or above 90/minute were compared. Results: The mean duration of acute illness for both the group is computed to be (118.44±95.95 vs. 152.77±102.25, p- value= 0.42) respectively. The baseline pulse rate were significantly different between those above (n=12) and below 90 (n=23) per minute (101±5.83 vs.72.85±8.14;p<0.0001);so is the post-exercise maximum pulse rate (p<0.004). Subjects with lower pulse rate had better height (p=0.05), weight (p=0.06), and higher anosmia (p=0.005) but lower total symptoms score (26.4±51.02 vs.29.66±66.12;p=0.008). The spirometric parameters (FVC, FEV1, FWV1/FVC) were better (although not significant) in those with lower pulse rate. The echocardiographic parameters as LVEF, TAPSE, LVFP were similar;the free wall GLS of both RV and LV were reduced in both the groups but that of RV (and LV were affected more in lower and higher pulse rate group respectively. Conclusion: Baseline pulse-rate in post covid subjects is likely related to neuro-inflammatory symptoms (anosmia) and poor LVGLS suggesting LV myocardial dysfunction.

9.
Lung India ; 39(SUPPL 1):S158-S159, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1857718

ABSTRACT

Background: Covid-19 affected our population in multiple waves. We have looked for the differences in frequency and the weight/impact of symptoms between the first and the second waves. Method: The post-covid-19 subjects attending our out-patient department for post-covid-19 problems after the 1st and he 2nd waves were enquired retrospectively about the demography with the frequency and severity of different symptoms cough, breathlessness, throat pain, nasal discharge, fever, body-ache, weakness, diarrhoea, constipation, pedal/finger swelling, headache, expectoration. anosmia, and loss of taste) that they suffered from. The weight/impact of a symptom was derived by multiplying the duration of symptoms (in days) with the severity (in Likert scale;0 to 5;0=none and 5=maximum possible symptoms). The data was analysed statistically using unpaired 't-test' and 'chi-square test' to compare between the two covid-19 waves. Result: 185 and 222 subjects' data were included for the 1st and the 2nd waves of covid-19 respectively. The gender ratio was similar but the mean age was significantly lower in the victims of the second wave (56.17±13.64, 51.32±15.59;p=0.0017). As regards the symptom-frequency, fever (p=0.0154), constipation (p=0.0243), headache (p=0.0014), anosmia (p=<0.0001) and loss of taste (p=0.0009) were significantly worse in the 2nd wave. The symptom severity of cough (p=0.0184), throat pain (p=0.039), mild weakness (p=0.0063), anosmia (p=0.0004) and loss of taste (p=0.0026) were also higher in the 2nd wave of Covid-19. Conclusion: It appears that each wave of the pandemic was distinct as regards the symptomatology. Such peculiarity in the clinical dynamics of Covid-19 needs to be noticed and followed in future.

10.
Handbook of Water Purity and Quality ; : 293-337, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1783072

ABSTRACT

Treating and reusing wastewater can augment water scarcity in water-stressed regions in the world. Additionally, wastewater streams contain useful resources that can be recovered and recycled to improve the economics of the water treatment processes. Another aspect that has been reported in the past few decades is the detection of novel contaminants of concern in the wastewater samples that often escape treatment and remediation. Studies have demonstrated that the conventional wastewater treatment practices are not sufficient to address resource recovery and emerging contaminants aspects. In this chapter, first, conventional wastewater treatment process based on activated sludge is presented, and subsequently novel wastewater treatment methods have been discussed. Theoretical aspect of each method is described, and its implementation in pilot or full-scale study has been highlighted. For increasing the water recovery rate from waste streams, membrane-based treatment technologies such as reverse osmosis will be crucial. Ion-exchange, adsorption, microalgal, and bioelectrochemical systems can be advantageous from resource recovery perspective. Further, epidemiological aspects of wastewater have been highlighted and the recent spread of COVID-19 has been discussed with respect to the virus’ detection in toilet wastewater. © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

11.
Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry ; 36(SUPPL 1):S6, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1767693

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study correlation of age, gender, serum IL-6 & D-dimer value (on admission), and impact of Tocilizumab (immunomodulator)/ Remdesivir (antiviral) therapy on clinical outcome (28-day mortality), in severe COVID-19. Methodology: Confirmed cases of severe COVID-19 (ICMR/ WHO criteria), admitted in the COVID-ICU were included. Venous plasma samples were collected within 6 hours of admission on day 1 for measurement of IL-6 and Ddimer and analyzed within 2 hours. Demographic characteristics, laboratory tests and therapeutic interventions were recorded. Results: The incidence of death was significantly higher in males above fifty years. The mortality rate correlated with increasing values of IL-6 (highest at levels >70 pg/mL. D-dimer values above 0.5μg FEU/mL were associated with increased risk of poor outcome. 85.3% of patients treated with Remdesivir showed clinical improvement. When Tocilizumab and Remdisivir were administered together, 44.0% of patients survived while 56% expired. Conclusion: Men above fifty years were most vulnerable to a poor outcome. Higher levels of IL-6 and D-dimer correlated with increased mortality. Both these biomarkers may be estimated on admission, and serially thereafter, to guide clinicians in recognizing patients with severe COVID-19 early in the disease course, and monitor prognosis. Remdesivir improved clinical outcome. The mortality rate was higher when Remdesivir and Tocilizumab were administered together.

12.
Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe / European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC) ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1677358
13.
2021 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Europe 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1558065
14.
2021 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1494268

ABSTRACT

Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is a well-established microfluidic platform that allows the miniaturization of chemical and biological processes onto a single unit. Minimal sample and reagent consumption, the potential for multiplexing, rapid analysis, and portability are some of the key advantages of LOC. However, the chips typically need to be integrated with bulky and expensive external optics. Alternatively, silica fibers and capillaries offer opportunities for more compact integration of optics with microfluidics while adding advantages such as;flexibility within a high aspect ratio format, uniaxial arrangements, and measurement-at-a-distance. © 2021 IEEE.

15.
Minerva Psychiatry ; 62(3):156-163, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1488923

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has already swept millions of lives and created the deep black cloud made up of negative emotions. Analysis of origin of negative emotions from previous experiences indicates diversity in thinking, reasoning, self-centeredness and lack of empathy give rise to human vices which are difficult but not impossible to overcome by resurrection of positive emotions like love, empathy, motivation for good deeds and philanthropic activities. Complex interplay of positive and negative emotions orchestrated by intricately associated neuronal circuits, neurotransmitters coupled with endocrinal influence holds responsible for human behavior, considered as the root of human civilization, is currently facing existential crisis during COVID-19 pandemic. Human civilization is experiencing unique psychosocial problems through emerging COVID-19 pandemic. Depression, panic buying, herd behavior, infodemic, immense sufferings of marginalized people, surge of addictive behavior, racism, domestic violence, rape, divorce, financial constraints, stigmatization, all stem from negative emotions and lack of positive vibes amidst the rally of death and sorrows. COVID-19 and surge of negative emotions are the two pandemics which conjointly causing major mental health threat. Cultivations and practice of positive emotions and triumph of optimistic octet over sinister septet are desirable to save Mother Nature and her habitats from the cruel claws of this pandemic.

16.
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management ; 16(3), 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1478892

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the economy and has resulted in changes to the working arrangements of employees who are based at home and may continue to work from home (WFH). Organizations are expected to develop an inclusive policy for their employees to promote mental health whilst working from home. The aim of this study was to document the impact of WFH on mental health and determine the expectations of employees from their organizations regarding occupational health policy. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted on the impact of work from home on mental health and to document the mental health support needs of employees. Google form was floated through social media platform to receive the responses. A total of 74 responses were received. Descriptive analysis was conducted using Microsoft Excel, while qualitative answers were manually analysed. RESULTS: About 67% employees (n=45) mentioned that their workload has increased significantly during work from home. Thirty five percent (n=26) felt lonely and lost and 47% (n= 34) felt disconnected from the real world, indicating the mental health impact of work from home. Fifty three percent employees (n=40) mentioned that there were no efforts made by their organization to reduce the mental health impact of work from home. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that there is an urgent need to create a comprehensive occupational health and safety policy inclusive of strategies to improve mental health by the organizations in light of "work from home" as a "new-normal". © The Author(s), 2021.

17.
International Journal of Web-Based Learning and Teaching Technologies ; 17(4), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1395070

ABSTRACT

The undergraduate and postgraduate studies of colleges and universities in India have been affected badly amidst the lockdowns for COVID-19 pandemic. The government has insisted to start the academic activity through online platforms. The biggest concern for the academic institutions now is to select an appropriate e-learning platform. This paper compares different features and facilities available in some widely used online platforms and analyze their suitability from the perspective of socio-economic constraints of students in India. A generic framework for conducting online classes is described that meets the special requirements of the unprivileged students. Some strategic plans to overcome the challenges are identified and suggested. A technical solution for implementation of time-bound assessment module is also proposed. © 2022 IGI Global. All rights reserved.

18.
25th Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, PAKDD 2021 ; 12712 LNAI:188-200, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1340387

ABSTRACT

Fake tweets are observed to be ever-increasing, demanding immediate countermeasures to combat their spread. During COVID-19, tweets with misinformation should be flagged and neutralised in their early stages to mitigate the damages. Most of the existing methods for early detection of fake news assume to have enough propagation information for large labelled tweets – which may not be an ideal setting for cases like COVID-19 where both aspects are largely absent. In this work, we present ENDEMIC, a novel early detection model which leverages exogenous and endogenous signals related to tweets, while learning on limited labelled data. We first develop a novel dataset, called ECTF for early COVID-19 Twitter fake news, with additional behavioural test-sets to validate early detection. We build a heterogeneous graph with follower-followee, user-tweet, and tweet-retweet connections and train a graph embedding model to aggregate propagation information. Graph embeddings and contextual features constitute endogenous, while time-relative web-scraped information constitutes exogenous signals. ENDEMIC is trained in a semi-supervised fashion, overcoming the challenge of limited labelled data. We propose a co-attention mechanism to fuse signal representations optimally. Experimental results on ECTF, PolitiFact, and GossipCop show that ENDEMIC is highly reliable in detecting early fake tweets, outperforming nine state-of-the-art methods significantly. © 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

19.
Micro-structured and Specialty Optical Fibres VII 2021 ; 11773, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1316915

ABSTRACT

In this work, we present the design and fabrication of a fiber device that performs digital droplet microfluidics for molecular diagnostics. A variety of fibers and capillaries were used to build three connected modules dedicated to droplet generation, incubation, and fluorescence detection which enables a uniaxial arrangement. This is in contrast to the traditional 2-dimensional lab-on-a-chip architecture. We characterize our fiber device using a fluorescein dilution series. Our observed detection limit is on the order of 10 nM fluorescein. We demonstrate our all-fiber device for the fluorescence readout after loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of synthetic SARS-CoV-2. Our results suggest that this fiber device can successfully distinguish between positive and negative samples in molecular diagnostics. We propose that our fiber device offers benefits over microfluidic chip techniques such as easier optical integration, much simpler sample loading, and faster diagnosis with high specificity and sensitivity. Keywords: All-fiber device, microfluidics, optofluidics, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), molecular diagnostics, SARS-CoV2. © 2021 SPIE.

20.
India Review ; 20(2):121-141, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1284825

ABSTRACT

Disasters and crisis are becoming more complex with deadly cascading effects. The current coronavirus pandemic is viewed as the newest form of health and socio-economic crisis that has disrupted the flow of normal life for millions. Viewing the pandemic as a unique or unpredictable occurrence shifts responsibility and accountability from a host of institutional actors to those who were unable to protect themselves from the direct and indirect effects of the pandemic and incurred heavy losses. Situating the pandemic within the well-established policy debates around disasters enables us to understand how the novel coronavirus rapidly transformed into a humanitarian crisis in India. Successful disaster risk reduction involves the creation of a “culture of resilience” but resilience thinking has been criticized as lacking in “moral compass”, showing a poor understanding of power relations and as governance that emphasizes individual responsibility. Chronically poor people can be “resilient” at the expense of their long-term wellbeing. Drawing on the moral, political and philosophical debates about the shift toward “resilience” in global disaster policy, this article examines the rhetoric of “self-reliance” to address COVID-19 dislocation. We find that disaster policies that rely mainly on resilience and compliance increase state power while absolving them of responsibility. © 2021 Taylor & Francis.

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