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1.
Tqm Journal ; : 31, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1883108

ABSTRACT

Purpose This paper investigates the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated service innovation in the restaurant sector. It explores the use of digital technologies (DT) as a safety-empowerment and resilient strategy in the food-service industry during the pandemic. It also investigates the impact of DT on customers' risk perception (CRP) and customers' intention to go to restaurants (CIR) in Italy. Design/methodology/approach Based on the theory of planned behaviour and perceived risk theory, this study investigates a sample of customers residing in Italy. Multiple regression and mediation analyses are conducted to test the research hypotheses, adapting the logic model developed. Using the bootstrapping technique, this study also explores whether the pandemic has moderated the relationship among several variables adapted from the literature. Robustness tests are also performed to corroborate the analysis. Findings The pandemic has accelerated the food-service industry's digital transformation, forcing restauranteurs to implement DT to survive. Findings show that DT support restauranteurs in implementing innovative services that reduce interactions and empower cleanliness among workers and customers, reducing CRP and preserving CIR. Thus, managing risk perception is helping the restaurant sector to recover. Practical implications Practical implications are presented for policymakers to catalyse the digital transformation in small- and medium-sized restaurants. The results may also be beneficial for entrepreneurs who can implement innovative service practices in order to reduce interaction and empower cleanliness levels. Moreover, academics can use these results to conduct similar research in other geographical contexts. Originality/value The present research represents the first study investigating the relationship between the use of digital technologies and the intentions of customers to go out for dinner during the ongoing pandemic in Italy.

2.
Interdisciplinary Political Studies ; 7(2):167-196, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1770604

ABSTRACT

The present research investigates the extent of misinformation and conspiracy theories in radical right-wing populist parties (RRPPs) in light of the pandemic. As the Covid-19 emergency progressively gave way to an ‘infodemic' within the EU's domestic political systems, RRPPs made regular use of misinformation as a political tool to build consensus and to polarise the public debate. This strategy is further maximised within the realm of social media, which disintermediates communication and allows political actors to directly reach their preferred audience with personalised content. Relying on an original dataset based on fact-checked statements from politicians, our study conducts a descriptive mapping of the discursive tactics employed by the League and Brothers of Italy within the Italian political scenario throughout 2020. © 2021 University of Salento, SIBA. All Rights Reserved.

5.
Research and Innovation Forum, Rii Forum 2021 ; : 403-415, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1469619

ABSTRACT

As a safety-empowerment strategy, technology innovation is likely to play a pivotal role in the restaurant sector’s recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic. However, its impact on customers’ perceptions is still unexplored in the literature. To fill this gap, this research attempts to provide an innovative contribution to the existing literature by investigating the relationship between customers’ safety perception (CSP) and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the restaurant sector during the coronavirus pandemic period. Drawing upon a sample of customers resident in the Campania region, the research provides early evidence about the positive impact exerted by ICT on CSP. More specifically, our findings show that the use of ICT, on the one hand, should reduce customers’expected interactions. On the other hand, enhance the level of expected cleanliness. Accordingly, academics and restaurant managers can rely on these results to implement resilience strategies. Results may be also beneficial for policymakers who can develop guidelines and measures to support restaurateurs in maturing resilience to the ongoing health crisis. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

6.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences ; 429, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466659

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Objective: Several preclinical and clinical investigations have argued for nervous system involvement in SARS-CoV-2 infection. No data about clinical, imaging and biomarkers presentations as well as long-term outcomes are available for SARS-CoV-2 encephalitis in comparison with infectious and autoimmune encephalitis. Methods: The ENCOVID European registry included patients with probable or definite diagnosis of encephalitis with and without SARS-CoV-2 infection admitted for hospitalization in the European recruiting centers between February 1st 2020 and March 30th, 2021. Each patient underwent a standardized assessment including full infectious screening, CSF, EEG, MRI data. Clinical presentation and laboratory markers, severity of COVID-19 disease, response to treatment and outcomes were recorded. Results: Results – Out of 155 cases screened, forty-five cases of encephalitis positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection and 63 without COVID-19 with full available data were included. SARS-CoV-2 encephalitis exhibited common presentation with aphasia and dysarthria compared to non-COVID- encephalitis and exhibited higher prevalence of patients with normal MRI but mild hyperproteinorracchia/pleocytosis. Most SARS-CoV-2 cases appeared during the onset of COVID-19 and exhibited different response to treatment and long-term outcomes compared to non COVID encephalitis. Conclusions: Conclusions –The registry identified a wide spectrum of encephalitis associated with COVID19 infection, with clinical characteristics and course different from classical infectious and autoimmune encephalitis. Biomarkers studies are warranted in order to evaluate the specific inflammatory pathways associated with SARS-Cov-2 encephalitis.

7.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences ; 429, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1466657

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: The number of cases of encephalitis in COVID-19 pandemic is increasing. We describe characteristics and outcome of encephalitis in COVID-19 (COV-ENC) patients in one of the most affected regions by COVID-19 of the world, Lombardia, during the first pandemic wave. Methods: A multi-center observational study on neurological complications in COVID-19 patients was conducted by the Italian society of Hospital Neuroscience (SNO). Adult patients admitted to 20 Neurological Departments in Lombardia between February-April 2020 with COV-ENC have been included. Results: 30 COV-ENC patients had a mean age of 66.5 years and male frequency of 56.6%. Altered consciousness was characterized by confusion in 86%, coma in 30%, delirium in 37.9% and alteration of personality traits in 27.6%. Epileptic seizures occurred in 74% of cases. One third of cases had hyperproteinorrachia, one third pleocytosis/hyperproteinorrachia, and remaining third had a normal CSF. PCR for SARS-CoV-2 was negative in all tested patients. EEG was altered in 82.7% of patients. Brain CT and MRI were normal in 9 patients, and among abnormal findings 9 patients had mesial temporal lesions, one of which confirmed with PET imaging. The course was favorable in 39.2% of patients, sequelae were few in 26.6% and moderate in 19.2%, while 20% of patients died. Conclusions: The outcome tends to be worse in male patients. PCR negativity seems to confirm an autoimmune etiology more than a direct invasion of the virus. However, a temporal lobe involvement, detected in 30% of patients with COV-ENC, suggests usual sites of encephalitis due to herpes virus.

8.
TQM Journal ; 33(7):222-252, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1343757

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper aims to explore how the Italian wine industry discloses corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices and quality certifications and the corresponding determinants via websites. The study also aims to investigate the relationship between CSR practices and financial performance. The information consistency between the quality certificates reported on corporate websites and official database statements is also explored. Lastly, the paper investigates how the relationship between the size of wineries and CSR disclosure changes according to firms' geographic location. Design/methodology/approach: This paper analyses CSR corporate communication via the websites of a sample of Italian wineries by adjusting the theoretical framework developed by Amran (2012) to the wine sector's peculiarities. Moreover, a cross-certification analysis and a moderation analysis were performed to fulfil the purpose of the research. Findings: The analysis revealed the extensive use of CSR disclosure via websites. It was found that company size positively affects CSR disclosure and Quality Certification Disclosure (QCD), while geographic location slightly moderates the relationship between the two variables. In addition, a negative relationship between CSR disclosure and corporate financial performance and its reverse causality emerged. Moreover, for most wineries, information consistency between the quality certificates reported on corporate websites and official database statements was observed. Research limitations/implications: The study's main limitation is that the search process was performed during lockdown. Therefore, the examined issues could change in the near future due to the shift in priorities that the COVID-19 pandemic is determining. Practical implications: The results can help managers implement CSR disclosure and QCD practices to enhance stakeholder legitimacy and enable their companies to compete in strongly competitive international markets. Originality/value: The paper represents the first study investigating online QCD and its consistency in the Italian wine sector. © 2020, Benedetta Esposito, Maria Rosaria Sessa, Daniela Sica and Ornella Malandrino.

9.
European Journal of Neurology ; 28(SUPPL 1):103, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1307709

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: Several studies reported increased incidence of Guillain-Barre' Syndrome (GBS) after Zika epidemic, SARS-CoV and MERS, and more recently SARS-CoV-2 infection. We estimate incidence and describe clinical characteristics and outcome of GBS in COVID-19 patients in one of the most affected regions by COVID-19 of the world, Lombardia. Methods: A multi-center observational study on neurological complications in COVID-19 patients was conducted in 20 Neurology Units by the Italian society of Hospital Neuroscience (SNO). Adult patients admitted to Neurological units between February-April 2020 with COVID19-GBS were included. Results: 38 COVID19-GBS patients had mean age of 60.7 years and male frequency of 86.8%. Mean interval between COVID-19 onset and GBS onset was 15.1 days. CSF albuminocytologic dissociation was detected in 71.4% of cases, PCR for SARS-CoV-2 negative in all 15 tested patients, and anti-ganglioside antibodies positive in 43.7%. Based on neurophysiology, 81.8% of patients had a diagnosis of AIDP diagnosis, 12.1% AMSAN and 6% AMAN. 29 patients have been treated with intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIg), two with plasma exchange (PE), two with PE followed by IVIg and five untreated. The course was favorable in 76.3% of patients, stable in 10.5%, while 13.1% worsened, of which three died. The estimated occurrence rate in Lombardia is 0.5 GBS cases per 1000 COVID-19 infections. Conclusion: We detected an increased incidence of GBS in COVID-19 patients which can reflect higher risk of GBS in COVID-19 patients or be secondary to an increase of prevalence of prior infection in that period.

10.
Multiple Sclerosis Journal ; 26(3_SUPPL):321-321, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1008481
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