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Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes ; 15, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1938119


Background: Different arrhythmias have been reported in patients with COVID-19 due to the complication of the disease, and medications used in the management of COVID-19. Remdesivir was approved by FDA for the management of COVID-19 patients in October 2020. There are several case reports suggesting remdesivir causing bradyarrhythmia in COVID-19 patients. Objective: To increase the knowledge and awareness among healthcare professions (HCPs) about the risk of arrhythmias associated with the use of remdesivir. Methods: We used the FDA Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) database to find bradyarrhythmia as a reported adverse event (AE) due to remdesivir until October,2021. Total 6,504 events were reported, out of which 5,996 (92.2%) were reported by HCPs. These AEs were included and further analyzed. Results: Out of 5,996 AEs reported with remdesivir, total 537 (9.0%) events were bradyarrhythmia. There were 74 (1.27%) events reported for atrial fibrillation, and 24 (0.04%) for ventricular tachycardia attributed to the use of remdesivir. Reported events of bradyarrhythmia were further divided and analyzed into men vs women, and different age groups of years 18-64, 65-85, >85. Total events of bradyarrhythmia among men (238, 6.5%) vs women (141, 6.4%) were not significantly different. Among all the age groups, more events were reported in younger women in the age group of 18-64 (12.3%) vs 65-85 (7.9%) vs >85 (6.9%). Conclusion: Multiple studies have shown COVID-19 associated tachyarrhythmias, likely secondary to the myocardial damage due to hypoxia. Few studies have also suggested bradyarrhythmias in these patients. Our analysis of the FAERS database also showed many reported AEs of bradyarrhythmia attributed to the use of remdesivir. Postulated mechanisms include;medication side effects, damage to the SA node as a complication of the COVID-19 disease process, and electrolyte imbalance due to the renal failure. Close surveillance of these patients with early diagnosis can lead to prompt discontinuation of the medication, which can further decrease the mortality related to bradyarrhythmias. Further studies are required to identify the at-risk population and to better understand the risk of bradyarrhythmia associated with remdesivir.

Indian Journal of Transplantation ; 15(2):131-133, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1332217


The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) has previously published transplant-specific guidelines with reference to COVID-19.([1]) The mortality is higher in dialysis patients with COVID-19 (12%-30%) than posttransplant COVID-19 patients (11.3%) and both are higher than the general population (<2%) in India.([2-5]) With the resumption of the kidney transplant program in various parts of India, new issues are expected to occur. There is uncertainty, regarding the safety of performing kidney,([ 6-8]) liver,([9-12]) and lunge([13]) transplantation in a recipient recently recovered from COVID-19. At present, we have limited evidence-based information about safety and feasibility of kidney transplantation from living donors, who have recovered from COVID-19.([4]) Recently, Indian Multi-center cohort studies have reported successful kidney transplantation in recipients from living donors with a previous diagnosis of COVID-19.([15, 16])