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Frontiers in Dentistry ; 19, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964871

ABSTRACT

Objectives: We aimed to find the main concerns of patients undergoing active orthodontic treatments and their orthodontic treatment-related (OTR) problems during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Materials and Methods: A researcher-made questionnaire addressing several aspects of the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on treatment was distributed among 181 orthodontic patients receiving active treatment. Anxiety, concern, problems, and willingness to attend orthodontic appointments and to undergo other dental procedures was questioned. The correlation of gender, age, COVID-19-related anxiety and OTR anxiety was statistically analyzed. Patient satisfaction level with different aspects of dental-clinic performance was also evaluated. Results: The participants included 117 females and 64 males, of which 94% adhered to the pandemic restrictions. The mean COVID-19-related-and OTR-anxiety were 51.7% and 52.7%, respectively. Higher COVID-19-related anxiety was significantly correlated with higher OTR anxiety (P<0.001). There was an inverse correlation between general COVID-19-related anxiety and OTR anxiety and willingness to attend orthodontic appointments (P<0.05). A positive insignificant (P=0.07) correlation existed between age and willingness to attend appointments. The main concern was prolongation of treatment and the most common problem was irritation of oral soft tissues by appliances. The majority (65.3%) were willing to attend their orthodontic appointments. Orthognathic surgery (62%) had the highest while, dental restorations and radiography had the lowest refusal rates (9.9%). Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected orthodontic treatment. The level of COVID-19-related anxiety was moderately high and patients were concerned about the impact of lockdown on their orthodontic treatment outcome. Young adults demonstrated higher levels of stress than other age-groups. © 2022 The Authors. Published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

2.
Journal of School of Public Health & Institute of Public Health Research ; 19(4):413-422, 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957775

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the seroepidemiological history of SARS-CoV-2 infection among asymptomatic children in Tehran. Materials and Methods: Blood samples of children younger than 14 years old were collected during the period autumn-winter 2020 and spring 2021 and tested for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody using the EUROIMMUN ELISA kit. In addition, questionnaires were used to collect demographic and infection status information in the participants. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software.

3.
Health Education and Health Promotion ; 10(1):33-41, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1749291

ABSTRACT

Aims Dental academics should know COVID-19 to save themselves, the students, and the community during a pandemic. We assessed the knowledge of dental academics regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and the factors associated with it. Instrument & Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted online in April 2020 in the dental school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Two hundred seventy-four participants were selected by a convenient and snowball sampling. This study was part of a multinational study and used a valid and reliable questionnaire. Multiple linear regression models served for statistical analysis in SPSS 21. Findings Of the 274 respondents, 66.4% were female. COVID-19 total knowledge score was 74.30 (of 100), with dental precautions having the highest domain score of 86.28 and warning signs having the lowest (56.93). Multiple regression models controlling for backgrounds revealed moderate and less academic experience associated with higher transmission and protection knowledge. More patient visits and dealing with fewer students (p=0.021) were associated with lower treatment knowledge, having administrative roles was associated with higher protection knowledge (p=0.043), and men had less knowledge of dental precautions (p=0.049). Conclusion Dental academics have an overall rather desirable knowledge, while their knowledge on COVID-19 warning signs is insufficient. © 2022, the Authors ;Publishing Rights, ASPI.

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