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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1054176, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2280833

ABSTRACT

The mortality of sepsis and septic shock remains high worldwide. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) release is a major cause of organ failure and mortality in sepsis. Targeting Gasdermin D (GSDMD) can restrain NETs formation, which is promising for sepsis management. However, no medicine is identified without severe safety concerns for this purpose. Xuebijing injection (XBJ) has been demonstrated to alleviate the clinical symptoms of COVID-19 and sepsis patients, but there are not enough animal studies to reveal its mechanisms in depth. Therefore, we wondered whether XBJ relieved pulmonary damage in sepsis by suppressing NETs formation and adopted a clinically relevant polymicrobial infection model to test this hypothesis. Firstly, XBJ effectively reversed lung injury caused by sepsis and restrained neutrophils recruitment to lung by down-regulating proinflammatory chemokines, such as CSF-3, CXCL-2, and CXCR-2. Strikingly, we found that XBJ significantly reduced the expressions of NETs component proteins, including citrullinated histone H3 (CitH3), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and neutrophil elastase (NE). GSDMD contributes to the production of NETs in sepsis. Notably, XBJ exhibited a reduced effect on the expressions of GSDMD and its upstream regulators. Besides, we also revealed that XBJ reversed NETs formation by inhibiting the expressions of GSDMD-related genes. Collectively, we demonstrated XBJ protected against sepsis-induced lung injury by reversing GSDMD-related pathway to inhibit NETs formation.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 161: 114530, 2023 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2288953

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are life-threatening symptoms in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Xuanfei Baidu Decoction (XFBD) is a recommend first-line traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula therapeutic strategy for COVID-19 patients. Prior studies demonstrated the pharmacological roles and mechanisms of XFBD and its derived effective components against inflammation and infections through multiple model systems, which provided the biological explanations for its clinical use. Our previous work revealed that XFBD inhibited macrophages and neutrophils infiltration via PD-1/IL17A signaling pathway. However, the subsequent biological processes are not well elucidated. Here, we proposed a hypothesis that XFBD can regulate the neutrophils-mediated immune responses, including neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation and the generation of platelet-neutrophil aggregates (PNAs) after XFBD administration in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI mice. The mechanism behind it was also firstly explained, that is XFBD regulated NETs formation via CXCL2/CXCR2 axis. Altogether, our findings demonstrated the sequential immune responses of XFBD after inhibiting neutrophils infiltration, as well as shedding light on exploiting the therapy of XFBD targeting neutrophils to ameliorate ALI during the clinical course.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , COVID-19 , Extracellular Traps , Animals , Mice , COVID-19/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Neutrophils , Signal Transduction
3.
Frontiers in pharmacology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2125947

ABSTRACT

The mortality of sepsis and septic shock remains high worldwide. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) release is a major cause of organ failure and mortality in sepsis. Targeting Gasdermin D (GSDMD) can restrain NETs formation, which is promising for sepsis management. However, no medicine is identified without severe safety concerns for this purpose. Xuebijing injection (XBJ) has been demonstrated to alleviate the clinical symptoms of COVID-19 and sepsis patients, but there are not enough animal studies to reveal its mechanisms in depth. Therefore, we wondered whether XBJ relieved pulmonary damage in sepsis by suppressing NETs formation and adopted a clinically relevant polymicrobial infection model to test this hypothesis. Firstly, XBJ effectively reversed lung injury caused by sepsis and restrained neutrophils recruitment to lung by down-regulating proinflammatory chemokines, such as CSF-3, CXCL-2, and CXCR-2. Strikingly, we found that XBJ significantly reduced the expressions of NETs component proteins, including citrullinated histone H3 (CitH3), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and neutrophil elastase (NE). GSDMD contributes to the production of NETs in sepsis. Notably, XBJ exhibited a reduced effect on the expressions of GSDMD and its upstream regulators. Besides, we also revealed that XBJ reversed NETs formation by inhibiting the expressions of GSDMD-related genes. Collectively, we demonstrated XBJ protected against sepsis-induced lung injury by reversing GSDMD-related pathway to inhibit NETs formation. Graphical

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 614024, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1542362

ABSTRACT

Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction is a major contributor to the poor outcomes of septic shock. As an add-on with conventional sepsis management for over 15 years, the effect of Xuebijing injection (XBJ) on the sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction was not well understood. The material basis of Xuebijing injection (XBJ) in managing infections and infection-related complications remains to be defined. A murine cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model and cardiomyocytes in vitro culture were adopted to study the influence of XBJ on infection-induced cardiac dysfunction. XBJ significantly improved the survival of septic-mice and rescued cardiac dysfunction in vivo. RNA-seq revealed XBJ attenuated the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and related signalings in the heart which was further confirmed on the mRNA and protein levels. Xuebijing also protected cardiomyocytes from LPS-induced mitochondrial calcium ion overload and reduced the LPS-induced ROS production in cardiomyocytes. The therapeutic effect of XBJ was mediated by the combination of paeoniflorin and hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) (C0127-2). C0127-2 improved the survival of septic mice, protected their cardiac function and cardiomyocytes while balancing gene expression in cytokine-storm-related signalings, such as TNF-α and NF-κB. In summary, Paeoniflorin and HSYA are key active compounds in XBJ for managing sepsis, protecting cardiac function, and controlling inflammation in the cardiac tissue partially by limiting the production of IL-6, IL-1ß, and CXCL2.

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