Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 102
Filter
1.
Dysphagia ; 2022 Jul 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1935771

ABSTRACT

To explore laryngeal function of tracheostomised patients with COVID-19 in the acute phase, to identify ways teams may facilitate and expedite tracheostomy weaning and rehabilitation of upper airway function. Consecutive tracheostomised patients underwent laryngeal examination during mechanical ventilation weaning. Primary outcomes included prevalence of upper aerodigestive oedema and airway protection during swallow, tracheostomy duration, ICU frailty scores, and oral intake type. Analyses included bivariate associations and exploratory multivariable regressions. 48 consecutive patients who underwent tracheostomy insertion as part of their respiratory wean following invasive ventilation in a single UK tertiary hospital were included. 21 (43.8%) had impaired airway protection on swallow (PAS ≥ 3) with 32 (66.7%) having marked airway oedema in at least one laryngeal area. Impaired airway protection was associated with longer total artificial airway duration (p = 0.008), longer tracheostomy tube duration (p = 0.007), multiple intubations (p = 0.006) and was associated with persistent ICU acquired weakness at ICU discharge (p = 0.03). Impaired airway protection was also an independent predictor for longer tracheostomy tube duration (p = 0.02, Beta 0.38, 95% CI 2.36 to 27.16). The majority of our study patients presented with complex laryngeal findings which were associated with impaired airway protection. We suggest a proactive standardized scoring and review protocol to manage this complex group of patients in order to maximize health outcomes and ICU resources. Early laryngeal assessment may facilitate weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation and liberation from tracheostomy, as well as practical and objective risk stratification for patients regarding decannulation and feeding.

2.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(7):436-444, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939465

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an unpresidential impact of all aspect of people lives. The study was to do a survey on special needs students during the COVID in regards to their Study habits, Temperament and Academic stress level. The aim of this research was to conduct a comparative study and examine the students without special needs and special needs students that is, what is the impact of Covid 19 on their study habits, temperament and academic stress. In this study the sample consists of 100 students which includes 50 children with special needs and 50 children without having special needs (normal children) who were randomly selected from the age of 14-18years. The students selected for the survey belongs to various schools in Delhi. The questionnaires are used for data collection to identify the study habits, temperament and academic stress are “Study Habit Inventory by B.V. Patel”, “DIMENSIONS OF TEMPERAMENT SCALE (DTS) by N. K. Chadha and S. Chandna” and “Academic Stress Questionnaire by Mohammad Akram, Mohd. Ilyas Khan, Sabiha Baby”. Simple Percentage Analysis and z-test were used from a statistical perspective to analyze the study habits, temperament and academic stress of the students. This study shows there is a difference between study habits, temperament and academic stress of the children with special needs and children without having special needs. It is found that the covid 19 pandemic influence the study habits, temperament and academic stress of all the students. The review concludes with a summary of major research findings, as well as a consideration of future directions and implications for practice and policy.

3.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION ; 14(2):7212-7217, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939403

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has changed everything ranging from loss of precious lives to economic and social activities. These changes have undoubtedly inflicted substantial economic and social shocks as global production, consumption, and employment levels dropped precipitously. Still, several positive changes were observed in terms of environmental quality. The most visible impact on the environment has been a reduction in greenhouse emissions from transportation sources, especially air and road transport, which account for a substantial portion of pollution. Beyond transportation, however, other sources that would generally have contributed to pollution were also curtailed. As many establishments were shut down, offices and facilities could afford to run on lower power rather than operational during business hours. Aside from air pollution, industrial waste also affects sources of water as well as land. This has also been reduced due to the pandemic, especially in regions where there is poor implementation of waste management regulations. At the same time, ecological hotspots, where human activity is usually pervasive, has observed an improved environmental quality, enabling wildlife and other life forms to prosper efficiently. On one side, the pandemic reveals how reduced anthropocentric activities can lead to substantial mitigation in environmental pollution. On the other hand, it emphasises the urgency to revisit global environmental policies to sustain this environmental quality for future generations. It is, however, pertinent to mention here that the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the environment is unlikely to be linear. Still many alternatives viz., work from home, online studying, e-commerce, planting of trees, etc., can be institutionalised through law and policymaking to ensure the cuts in greenhouse gas emissions and energy sector. The researcher thus visualises that COVID-19 has inaugurated a new green order and invite attention of relevant stakeholders as to how to sustain such change in the times to come.

4.
Business, Management and Economics Engineering ; 20(2):189-206, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1934288

ABSTRACT

Purpose –The study aims at exposing any possible impact of COVID-19 on short-run and long-run financial integration among five emerging Asian economies viz., China, South Korea, India, Indonesia and Taiwan. Research methodology – Daily closing indices of selected countries have been analyzed from January 2010 – September 2021. The integration among the selected economies has been examined for long-run and short-run through Johansan co-integration and Granger causality tests respectively. Findings – The analysis revealed that coronavirus weakened integration among nations. The absence of long-run integration was observed after the onset of COVID-19. During pre-covid period, unidirectional as well as bi-directional causal relations were present, but after the outbreak of COVID-19, only South Korea and China reported short-term linkage. Research limitations – The results are subject to the limitation of limited data and reference period. Further, daily returns of different stock markets are subject to domestic shock which has not been analyzed in the present study. Practical implications – Since the absence of integration indicates an ample opportunity for risk minimization through international diversification of the portfolio, the results are expected to be very useful for investors, researchers and regulators. Originality/Value – In present times, researchers are showing keen interest to know the possible impact of COVID-19 on linkages of international financial markets. However in spite of being rapidly growing economies, countries selected in the present study have not been explored much. The present study aims to bridge this research gap. © 2022 The Author(s).

5.
Clinical Toxicology ; 60(SUPPL 1):95, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1915434

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe two cases of intentional paraquat ingestion as self-harm in patients with COVID-19 infection. Methods: We retrospectively analysed poisoning cases (accidental and suicidal), admitted to a dedicated COVID-19 care facility at our institute. As a protocol, all patients coming to our emergency department were reverse transcriptase-PCR tested for novel coronavirus disease 2019 (nCOVID-19) before being admitted to a high dependency unit (HDU) intensive care unit (ICU). If they tested positive for COVID they were transferred to a dedicated COVID care facility. These patients were treated according to the protocol developed for poisoned patients. All patients were followed until discharge or death. We describe the details of 2 patients with intentional paraquat ingestion. Results: We received nine patients at our dedicated COVID care facility created at our institute during the pandemic. Of these 9, 2 patients had ingested paraquat and presented with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Both patients were in the third decade of life and the economic crisis due to the pandemic was the trigger for the ingestion of paraquat. Both had ingested a significant amount of commercially available paraquat. They had significant acute kidney and liver injury at presentation and required dialysis. Haemoperfusion was not performed as the charcoal filters were not available. The clinical picture and chest X-rays were similar to the findings observed in severe COVID-19 patients. Since patients were hypoxic at presentation, monoclonal antibodies were not indicated and were not administered. Both patients were given dexamethasone (6mg daily), as per the “COVID treatment protocol”. We did not administer pulse doses of methylprednisolone or cyclophosphamide due to concerns over exacerbating COVID infection. One of the patients developed significant oesophageal ulceration leading to massive haematemesis. Both developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum and succumbed to their illness after an average stay of 8 days in the HDU. Conclusion: During the pandemic, paraquat ingestion for selfharm with COVID-19 infection poses a challenge to treating physicians. Since the clinical picture of ARDS, is similar to severe COVID infection, the management with immunosuppressive agents becomes difficult.

6.
Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists ; 32(2):453-457, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1913021

ABSTRACT

Herpes zoster Ophthalmicus accounts for a minority of all patients with zoster infections. It leads to varied clinical presentations, but total unilateral ophthalmoplegia has rarely been reported in the literature. We hereby present a 50-year-old male patient presenting with the above combination for aiding the clinical diagnosis by dermatologists and ophthalmologists. Early initiation of treatment leads to a near total recovery of ophthalmoplegia in the majority of treated patients.

7.
Materials Today: Proceedings ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1907552

ABSTRACT

Here, the use of CNN-based technologies is provided with a new method for the detection of fraud during e-exams. This technology will assist providers in identifying any unknown situation during online tests, which are recommended by the majority of governments worldwide owing to the Covid-19 pandemic. Most colleges and students worldwide are severely impacted by their academic programmers, and the universities' role of testing using conventional approaches is a challenge. Thus, the students undergo several of their classes from various kinds of online third-party apps. The universities cannot, however, rely on these service providers for a long time to perform online examinations. Therefore, this work provides a full set-up of computing applications for students who can use them on their own laptops/personal computers with strict university guidance. © 2021

8.
Indian Journal of Transplantation ; 16(1):142-143, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1896989
9.
8th IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer Science and Data Engineering (IEEE CSDE) ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1895898

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 continues to devastate many countries around the world including Fiji, which relies on digital contact tracing apps such as careFiji to help contain the virus. Certain audits and papers show that Quick Response (QR) codes have low rates of usage which might affect the effectiveness of contact tracing efforts, especially in Fiji. This paper is a limited review of the technologies as well as contact protocols used in contact tracing, the official contact tracing apps used in the south pacific and an overview of the careFiji app. The aim of this is to find out about the contact tracing technologies and protocols to aid in designing a solution to the problems encountered in careFiji as well as other similar contact tracing apps in the South Pacific. The authors propose a NearField Communication (NFC) Contact Tracing Solution Model to supplement the current QR scanning feature of the careFiji app to allow for increased usage of the location-coupled tracking feature of contact tracing efforts. Results of tests conducted prove the convenience and time saving measures of a sample contact tracing app employing NFC versus the careFiji app relying on QR scanning for location-coupled tracking.

10.
8th IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer Science and Data Engineering (IEEE CSDE) ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1895897

ABSTRACT

Even though the world is moving more towards a technological era, capturing data, processing it into useful information, and making correct use of it in terms of decision making is still a major problem faced across the globe. While many publications discuss the need for information systems in the healthcare sector. The Novelty of this study is it will discuss the development of a Unified information system how it will assist to tackle Covid-19 in Fiji. Firstly, the study will discuss what is an information system, types of information system and characteristics of a good information system, secondly it will review current information systems used by other countries through literature review, and finally with the assistance of data collected a Unified Information System will be developed that can be utilized in Fiji to have all information stored at one centralized database. The result of the study will assist Researchers, the Healthcare sector and Information Technology personnel improve how information systems can perform better in the health sector.

11.
8th IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer Science and Data Engineering (IEEE CSDE) ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1895894

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 has changed the dynamics of how we live and conduct our daily lives. There are more restrictions than ever before and people have to be mindful of the COVID safe protocols to ensure that there are no further infections. Even with protective measures, immunity is not guaranteed. Therefore, contact-tracing mechanisms are of utmost importance to reduce further chained infections. Contact tracing is a containment strategy, which is perfected through digital innovation. This paper analyses current implementations of contact tracing software for air travel. It further elaborates challenges and opportunities with the implementations of digital contact tracing. Finally based on the findings and assessments, the research builds and proposes a novel contact tracing software primarily for the aviation industry. The application capitalizes on the use of a boarding pass to record passenger movement and contacts. Additionally, it exhibits future scope and recommendations for the successful implementation and adoption of digital contact tracing software. The primary beneficiaries of this article are academics, contact tracing software developers, airline and airport operators, immigration, border security and health authorities, government and policymakers, and airline passengers.

12.
47th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2022 ; 2022-May:556-560, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1891398

ABSTRACT

The Second Diagnosis of COVID-19 using Acoustics (DiCOVA) Challenge aimed at accelerating the research in acoustics based detection of COVID-19, a topic at the intersection of acoustics, signal processing, machine learning, and healthcare. This paper presents the details of the challenge, which was an open call for researchers to analyze a dataset of audio recordings consisting of breathing, cough and speech signals. This data was collected from individuals with and without COVID-19 infection, and the task in the challenge was a two-class classification. The development set audio recordings were collected from 965 (172 COVID-19 positive) individuals, while the evaluation set contained data from 471 individuals (71 COVID-19 positive). The challenge featured four tracks, one associated with each sound category of cough, speech and breathing, and a fourth fusion track. A baseline system was also released to benchmark the participants. In this paper, we present an overview of the challenge, the rationale for the data collection and the baseline system. Further, a performance analysis for the systems submitted by the 21 participating teams in the leaderboard is also presented. © 2022 IEEE

13.
Benchmarking ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1891297

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to identify how ICT appeared as an emergent business strategy and to investigate the impact of ICT adoption factors on the perceived benefits of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). Design/methodology/approach: A total of 393 responses from Indian small and mid-size enterprises (SMEs) were collected for the final analysis. The study presents the partial least-squares structural equation modeling with the Chi-square test and descriptive analysis as a methodology based on numerous independent variables and one dependent variable. Findings: The findings indicate that ICT adoption during and following the COVID-19 pandemic is constant in nature of the enterprise. Moreover, the results indicate that different adoption of ICT factors influence on perceived benefits of organizational performance of Indian MSMEs that lent good support except for the regulatory framework. Research limitations/implications: The implications of the current research help Indian MSMEs to take investment decisions in various technologies that help the organization. Furthermore, managers and practitioners help the organization in deciding which technology adoption factors are more critical to the betterment of the organization. Originality/value: The study found certain ICT adoption factors that have a significant role in organizational performance in Indian MSMEs. Moreover, during COVID-19, investigate ICTs' role as a business strategy. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

15.
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy ; 16(2):253-259, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879607

ABSTRACT

India is no different to global health havoc created by SARS-COV-2 outbreak, although the appearance of different waves and the magnitude of losses varied. The study of the first wave on timeline is of utmost importance due to the alarming emergency and lack of preparedness to deal with the new virus which entered the gene pool. Besides, population density and RNA virus mutation rate might have led to more strain variants. In the present study, comparative analysis of thirty-nine complete or nearly-complete genomes of SARS-COV-2 during the first wave of COVID-19 in India was made and a number of mutations were observed. These observations further supported the evidence for genetic basis of rapid evolution of the virus. © 2022, Association of Biotechnology and Pharmacy. All rights reserved.

16.
Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing ; 34(2):1065-1080, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1876523

ABSTRACT

The outburst of novel corona viruses aggregated worldwide and has undergone severe trials to manage medical sector all over the world. A radiologist uses x-rays and Computed Tomography (CT) scans to analyze images through which the existence of corona virus is found. Therefore, imaging and visualization systems contribute a dominant part in diagnosing process and thereby assist the medical experts to take necessary precautions and to overcome these rigorous conditions. In this research, a Multi-Objective Black Widow Optimization based Convolutional Neural Network (MBWO-CNN) method is proposed to diagnose and classify covid-19 data. The proposed method comprises of four stages, preprocess the covid-19 data, attribute selection, tune parameters, and classify cov-id-19 data. Initially, images are fed to preprocess and features are selected using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Next, Multi-objective Black Widow Optimization (MBWO) method is imparted to finely tune the hyper parameters of CNN. Lastly, Extreme Learning Machine Auto Encoder (ELM-AE) is used to check the existence of corona virus and further classification is done to classify the covid-19 data into respective classes. The suggested MBWO-CNN model was evaluated for effectiveness by undergoing experiments and the outcomes attained were matched with the outcome stationed by prevailing methods. The outcomes confirmed the astonishing results of the ELM-AE model to classify cov-id-19 data by achieving maximum accuracy of 97.53%. The efficacy of the proposed method is validated and observed that it has yielded outstanding outcomes and is best suitable to diagnose and classify covid-19 data. © 2022, Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.

17.
Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine ; 5(1):2-7, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1876053

ABSTRACT

Early physical therapy rehabilitation protocols have shown improved functional outcomes and a reduction in mortality rates. Virtual rehabilitation (VR) has allowed practitioners to provide safe treatment without any risk of viral contamination. This review aimed to evaluate the importance of physical therapy and rehabilitation during and after the infection of coronavirus (COVID-19). To do so, four electronic databases such as PubMed, ResearchGate, Science Direct, and Google Scholars were searched to retrieve articles published after the outbreaks of the COVID-19 pandemic. Six studies were included in the final review. It is a compilation and examination of physical therapy treatments provided by various hospitals and organizations during and after CO-VID-19. The present review throws light on physical therapy, going hand in hand with VR, to play a promising role in patients with mild to moderate symptoms, thus improving their quality of life. The necessary references, as well as the statistics gathered from the published articles, are available. A total of 12 046 patients were included. Of the total patients, 3085 (25.6%) had fatigue symptoms and 1866 (15.5%) had arthralgia/myalgia. Within an hour of being in the prone position, patients were found to have an increase in the oxygen saturation (SpO2) level from 94% to 98%. The pace of breathing also improved, dropping from 31 to 22 per minute. Physical therapy and VR have improved daily activities while assisting in the recovery of health, lifestyle, and lowering post-illness physical and mental deficiencies. ©Copyright 2022 by Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine

18.
1st International Conference on Technologies for Smart Green Connected Society 2021, ICTSGS 2021 ; 107:6889-6903, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1874800

ABSTRACT

This study examines the effect of strategies adopted by Chitkara International School for the continuous improvement of online learning of kindergarten students, during the transition of classes from offline mode to online mode. The objective of this study is to increase the interest of the students in online classes, to increase the engagement of the parents in the child's learning process and upskilling the teachers for handling online classes during COVID-19 time. The study was conducted on 373 kindergarten students, parents and 25 teachers of Chitkara International School. The study was conducted using Pre-test-post-test single group design. The sample was analysed based on the qualitative and quantitative data. The findings of the study reported that there was significant improvement in the attendance of the students of the kindergarten classes, the cooperation and involvement of the parents increased and there was a significant increase in the participation of the students in all the activities. This study was conducted with a purpose of providing Quality Education to students even during Covid times and all efforts were made in sync with the Sustainable Development Goal 4 which focusses on Quality Education. © The Electrochemical Society

19.
Clinical Toxicology ; 60:95-95, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1865857
20.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology ; 79(9):1784-1784, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1849088
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL