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1.
Perspektivy Nauki i Obrazovania ; 52(4):80-93, 2021.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1410539

ABSTRACT

The grading systems used for assessment students' knowledge in traditional and distance learning differ and give different assessments of learning outcomes, which affects the indicators of student academic performance. The trends of modern education are aimed at the increasing involvement of distance forms in the educational process of universities, which requires a certain synchronization of grading systems at the level of learning outcomes. The research is aimed at identification and confirmation of the existence of differences between the results of assessment in traditional and distance learning forms, which are reflected in the indicators of student performance. The study used methods of nonparametric analysis using the STATISTICA 10.0 program. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare independent populations in cases where there were no signs of normal data distribution, and Pearson's Chi-square test was used to compare nominal values. To compare related (paired) quantitative samples, the Wilcoxon test was used. The research results showed a statistically significant increase in student academic performance during the COVID-19 pandemic during distance learning. Therefore, when comparing the indicators of student performance in the spring semesters of 2018/2019 and 2019/2020 academic years, significant differences were found in the U-criterion and Chi-square with different levels (p <0.05, p <0.01, p <0.001) depending on the course of study and the performance indicator. The only exceptions are the senior students of Master's programmes who have shown a decline in academic performance. According to the results of the study, it can be concluded that the distance grading system makes lower requirements for learning outcomes in terms of student academic performance indicators, which overestimates them relative to the traditional form of education. © 2021 LLC Ecological Help. All rights reserved.

2.
Drug Development and Registration ; 10(3):138-146, 2021.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1405635

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The article discusses significant changes in the procedure for pharmaceutical inspection of drug manufacturers for compliance with the requirements of the rules of good manufacturing practice (GMP) of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), related to restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Text. The article presents the main international guidelines describing the remote conduct of pharmaceutical inspections, which is the basis for further updating the relevant procedures in the law of the EAEU. An overview of the foreign practice of pharmaceutical inspection during the pandemic is given. In addition, the changes in the Russian regulatory approaches to control and supervision in the Russian legislation are presented. Conclusion. These data give an idea that, with considering the above, there is a need for further convergence of the requirements, the practice of conducting pharmaceutical inspections for compliance with the requirements of GMP Rules in order to harmonize the norms between Russian regulatory documents, the norms of the EAEU law and international standards. This requires the development of a dialogue with the participation of stakeholders. © Meshkovskiy A. P., Beregovykh V. V., Shestakov V. N., Pyatigorskaya N. V., Aladysheva Z. I., Nikolenko N. S., Pyatigorskiy A. M., Nesterkina E. I., 2021.

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