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Zhongguo Bingdubing Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Viral Diseases ; 13(2):120, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2314222


Objective To identify the pathogen and track the genetic source of a cluster of cases with fever in a kindergarten in Fengtai district during the normalization of COVID-19 prevention and control in Beijing.Methods A descriptive analysis method was used to investigate this cluster of cases with fever in April 2021.Pharyngeal swabs were collected and viral nucleic acid was extracted, real-time PCR was performed to identify SARS-CoV-2 and other common respiratory virus. G gene of human metapneumovirus(hMPV) was amplified by RT-PCR and was then sequenced. BioEdit was used for G gene sequence analysis and the Neighbor-Joining model in MEGA 5. 0 software was used to construct the phylogenic tree of G gene. Results A total of 16 cases were reported in one class with the incidence of 53. 3%(16/30) during 8 days of a cluster outbreak. All pharyngeal swabs collected from 12 cases were tested SARS-CoV-2 negative, six were found to be hMPV positive by multiplex-PCR, and one was positive for both human adenovirus and hMPV. Full-length sequences of G genes were obtained from 2 strains of hMPV. Sequence analysis showed that both strains were hMPV B2 and the nucleic acid homology of G gene was 96. 73%-98. 01% with strains from Japan(LC337940, LC337935, LC1922349) in 2016 and over 98. 40%with strains from Shandong(OL625642, OL625644) in 2019, Henan MN944096 in 2019.Compared with the amino acid sequence of hMPV-B2 reference strain(AY297748), six amino acid insertions containing EKEKEK were identified between 161-166 amino acid location and N-glycosylation of G protein analysis showed that the two strains had four N-glycosylation sites. Conclusions The leading pathogen for this cluster outbreak is found to be hMPV-B2, which are highly homologous with strains from Japan, Shandong and Henan. Therefore, a non-stop surveillance of hMPV is necessary during the normalization control and prevention period for COVID-19.

Trop Med Infect Dis ; 7(12)2022 Nov 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2123858


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread widely around the world, and in-depth research on COVID-19 is necessary for biomarkers and target drug discovery. This analysis collected serum from six COVID-19-infected patients and six healthy people. The protein changes in the infected and healthy control serum samples were evaluated by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The differential protein signature in both groups was retrieved and analyzed by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes (KEGG), Gene ontology, COG/KOG, protein-protein interaction, and protein domain interactions tools. We shortlisted 24 differentially expressed proteins between both groups. Ten genes were significantly up-regulated in the infection group, and fourteen genes were significantly down-regulated. The GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis suggested that the chromosomal part and chromosome were the most enriched items. The oxytocin signaling pathway was the most enriched item of KEGG analysis. The netrin module (non-TIMP type) was the most enriched protein domain in this study. Functional analysis of S100A9, PIGR, C4B, IL-6R, IGLV3-19, IGLV3-1, and IGLV5-45 revealed that SARS-CoV-2 was closely related to immune response.

Viruses ; 14(7)2022 07 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1939015


The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has lasted for two years and caused millions of infections and deaths in humans. Although the origin of SARS-CoV-2 infection in humans remains unknown, infection in animals has been frequently reported in varieties of animals all over the world. Both experimental and natural infections of SARS-CoV-2 in different animal species provide useful information on viral host range and pathogenicity. As the pandemic continues to evolve, SARS-CoV-2 infection in animals will be expanding. In this review, we summarized SARS-CoV-2 testing and infection in animals as well as SARS-CoV-2 strains and transmission in animals. Current data showed that at least 18 different animal species tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. These 18 animal species belong to pet, captive, farmed, and wild animals. Fifteen of the eighteen animal species were known to be positive for the Delta variant and ten animal species were infected with two different types of variants. Human-to-animal, animal-to-animal, and animal-to-human transmission events were suggested in different outbreaks involved in animal infection with SARS-CoV-2. Continued testing, immunization, and surveillance are warranted.

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , COVID-19 Testing , Humans , Pandemics