Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Expert Rev Mol Diagn ; 21(12): 1287-1301, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1532339


INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder with multiple comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorders. Detected based on an overnight sleep study is called polysomnography (PSG); OSA still remains undiagnosed in majority of the population mainly attributed to lack of awareness. To overcome the limitations posed by PSG such as patient discomfort and overnight hospitalization, newer technologies are being explored. In addition, challenges associated with current management of OSA using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), etc. presents several pitfalls. AREAS COVERED: Conventional and modern detection/management techniques including PSG, CPAP, smart wearable/pillows, bio-motion sensors, etc., have both pros and cons. To fulfill the limitations in OSA diagnostics, there is an imperative need for new technology for screening of symptomatic and more importantly asymptomatic OSA patients to reduce the risk of several associated life-threatening comorbidities. In this line, molecular marker-based diagnostics have shown great promises. EXPERT OPINION: A detailed overview is presented on the OSA management and diagnostic approaches and recent advances in the molecular screening methods. The potentials of biomarker-based detection and its limitations are also portrayed and a comparison between the standard, current modern approaches, and promising futuristic technologies for OSA diagnostics and management is set forth.ABBREVIATIONS AHI: Apnea hypopnea index; AI: artificial intelligence; CAM: Cell adhesion molecules; CPAP: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure; COVID-19: Coronavirus Disease 2019; CVD: Cardiovascular disease; ELISA: Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; HSAT: Home sleep apnea testing; IR-UWB: Impulse radio-ultra wideband; MMA: maxillomandibular advancement; PSG: Polysomnography; OSA: Obstructive sleep apnea; SOD: Superoxide dismutase; QD: Quantum dot.

Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(10)2021 Sep 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1438668


This paper reports the design, development, and testing of a novel, yet simple and low-cost portable device for the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2. The device performs loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and provides visually distinguishable images of the fluorescence emitted from the samples. The device utilises an aluminium block embedded with a cartridge heater for isothermal heating of the sample and a single-board computer and camera for fluorescence detection. The device demonstrates promising results within 20 min using clinically relevant starting concentrations of the synthetic template. Time-to-signal data for this device are considerably lower compared to standard quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction(qPCR) machine (~10-20 min vs. >38 min) for 1 × 102 starting template copy number. The device in its fully optimized and characterized state can potentially be used as simple to operate, rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive platform for population screening as well as point-of-need severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) detection and patient management.

Analyst ; 145(23): 7680-7686, 2020 Nov 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-798256


This work reports the development of a rapid, simple and inexpensive colorimetric paper-based assay for the detection of the severe acute respiratory symptom coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) humanized antibody. The paper device was prepared with lamination for easy sample handling and coated with the recombinant SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid antigen. This assay employed a colorimetric reaction, which is followed by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) conjugated detecting antibody in the presence of the 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) substrate. The colorimetric readout was evaluated and quantified for specificity and sensitivity. The characterization of this assay includes determining the linear regression curve, the limit of detection (LOD), the repeatability, and testing complex biological samples. We found that the LOD of the assay was 9.00 ng µL-1 (0.112 IU mL-1). The relative standard deviation was approximately 10% for a sample number of n = 3. We believe that our proof-of-concept assay has the potential to be developed for clinical screening of the SARS-CoV-2 humanized antibody as a tool to confirm infected active cases or to confirm SARS-CoV-2 immune cases during the process of vaccine development.

Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/blood , Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19 Testing/methods , Colorimetry/methods , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Paper , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Armoracia/enzymology , Benzidines/chemistry , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19 Testing/instrumentation , Colorimetry/instrumentation , Coronavirus Nucleocapsid Proteins/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Horseradish Peroxidase/chemistry , Humans , Limit of Detection , Phosphoproteins/immunology , Proof of Concept Study , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry