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3.
Asian Journal of Psychiatry ; : 103095, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1777927

ABSTRACT

The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has made many Azerbaijanis internally displaced (IDP), missing, wounded, disabled, or killed. The war and its aftermath have drastically impacted the mental health of these populations, leading to depression, anxiety, and stress-related psychosomatic illnesses such as dissociative disorder. However, their access to medical and psychological services is limited. Intervention in terms of policy making, healthcare services, information systems, and social support is required to promoting social integration and facilitate accessibility to mental healthcare. National and international organisations, foreign aids, and media support can contribute to this end. The psychological effects of the war on children, healthcare shortage associated with COVID-19, accommodation and welfare problems, limited access to vaccination, technology, and educational opportunities, dangerous explosive remnants, as well as isolation and marginalisation of the IDPs can all be challenges facing the mental health of these populations. Organising programs such as support groups to share wartime experience, resilience promotion, psychosocial support for healthcare providers, religious identification, integral COVID-19 management, beside accommodation and education support are recommended to enhance the condition of these Azerbaijani populations.

5.
J Psychiatr Res ; 150: 237-245, 2022 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1768361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations of lockdown stringency and duration with Google searches for four mental health concepts (i.e., "Anxiety," "Depression," "Suicide," "Mental Health") in nine countries (i.e., Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Paraguay, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Turkey) during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We retrieved national-level data for each country from Google Trends and the Global Panel Database of Pandemic Policies. In our primary analysis, we used data from all countries to estimate a set of multilevel regression models examining associations of overall lockdown stringency and lockdown duration with relative search volumes for each mental health term. We repeated the models after replacing overall lockdown stringency with each of the lockdown stringency components. RESULTS: A negative association was found between overall lockdown stringency and "Depression." Lockdown duration and the most stringent stay-at-home requirements were negatively associated with "Anxiety." Policies that recommended or required the cancelation of public events evidenced negative associations with "Depression," whereas associations between policies that required some or all levels of schooling to close and "Depression" were positive. Policies that recommended or required workplaces to close and those that enforced quarantines on non-citizens arriving from high-risk regions or closed borders entirely were negatively associated with "Suicide." CONCLUSIONS: Lockdown duration and some lockdown policies during the COVID-19 pandemic were generally associated with significantly lower, rather than higher, Google searches for selected mental health terms. These findings could be used alongside other evidence to develop future lockdown strategies that are sensitive to mental health issues during public health crises.

6.
Data Brief ; 42: 108103, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1757266

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to plague the world. Hence, there is been an effort to mitigate this virus and its effects with several means including vaccination which is one of the most effective ways of controlling the virus. However, efforts at getting people to vaccinate have met several challenges. To help with understanding the reasons underlying an individual's willingness to take COVID-19 vaccine or not, a scale called Motors of COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance Scale (MoVac-COVID19S) was developed. To expand its usability worldwide (as it has currently been limited to only China and Taiwan), data were collected in other countries (regions) too. Therefore, this MoVac-COVID19S data is from five countries (that is, India, Ghana, Afghanistan, Taiwan, and mainland China) which cut across five regions. A total of 6053 participants across the stated countries completed the survey between January and March 2021 using a cross-sectional survey design. The different sections of the survey solicited sociodemographic information (e.g., country, age, gender, educational level, and profession) and the MoVac-COVID19S data from the participants. The data collected from this survey were analyzed using descriptive statistics, which were carried out using the IBM SPSS version 22.0.

7.
Risk management and healthcare policy ; 15:435-445, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1743910

ABSTRACT

Purpose The percentage of individuals who were fully vaccinated against COVID-19 was 53% worldwide, 62% in Asia, and 11% in Africa at the time of writing (February 9, 2022). In addition to administrative issues, vaccine hesitancy is an important factor contributing to the relatively low rate of vaccination. The Motors of COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance Scale (MoVac-COVID19S) was developed to assess COVID-19 vaccination acceptance levels. However, it has only been tested among Taiwanese, mainland Chinese, and Ghanaian populations (Chen et al, 2021;Fan et al, 2021;Yeh et al, 2021). Therefore, the present study examined the construct validity and measurement invariance of the MoVac-COVID19S among individuals from five countries (ie, Taiwan, mainland China, India, Ghana, and Afghanistan). Participants and Methods A cross-sectional survey study recruited 6053 participants across five countries who completed the survey between January and March 2021. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) fit indices were used to examine factor structure and measurement invariance across the five countries. Results The fit indices of the CFA were relatively good across the countries except for the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA). Moreover, the four-factor structure (either nine or 12 items) had a better fit than the one-factor structure. However, the four-factor model using nine MoVac-COVID19S items was the only model that had measurement invariance support for both factor loadings and item intercepts across the five countries. Conclusion The present study confirmed that the MoVac-COVID19S has acceptable psychometric properties and can be used to assess an individual’s willingness to get COVID-19 vaccination.

8.
Dusunen Adam ; 34(4):394-395, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1726966

ABSTRACT

Mobile phone interventions have proven to be useful in developing countries in various contexts, such as crisis intervention, medication issues, and reporting domestic violence, and this trend gained further momentum with the onset of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic (2). Many developing countries centralized triage dedicated to domains such as domestic violence, mental health crisis, physical health issues, and child abuse. [...]it would be of great value if the same team or other labs pointed out the importance of the need in a more comprehensive form in terms of geographic and cultural context in the near future with further research.

11.
Asia Pac Psychiatry ; 13(4): e12501, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1560136

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Digital mental health interventions and digital psychiatry have been rapidly implemented over the past decade, particularly with the intent to offer a cost-effective solution in those circumstances in which the current mental health services and infrastructure are not able to properly accommodate the patients' needs. However, mental health workforce is often poorly theoretical/practical trained in digital psychiatry and in delivering remote consultations safely and effectively, not being common to own curricula-specific training requirements in digital psychiatry and skills. METHODS: A web-based international cross-sectional survey was carried out by a working group constituted by one or two national representative(s) of each WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions (APAC), with the aim to evaluate the level of training, knowledge, experience, and perception regarding the topic of digital psychiatry in a sample constituted by medical students, psychiatry trainees, and early career psychiatrists from APAC. RESULTS: An overall lack of theoretical and/or practical training on new digital tools and digital health interventions in psychiatry was observed. The level of training influences knowledge background, which, in turns, influences young professionals' perceptions and opinions regarding digital psychiatry and interventions in mental health. CONCLUSION: Implementing psychiatry training programs may significantly improve the level of knowledge and use of digital tools in mental healthcare. Moreover, mental health services and infrastructures should be properly adapted to the digital era, considering the overall weak and heterogeneous technical support and equipment, issues of internet connectivity, and other administrative-related challenges observed in APAC.


Subject(s)
Education, Medical , Psychiatry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Curriculum , Health Personnel , Humans , Psychiatry/education
15.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259594, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1504862

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the lives of many people, including medical students. The present study explored internet addiction and changes in sleep patterns among medical students during the pandemic and assessed the relationship between them. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in seven countries, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Guyana, India, Mexico, Pakistan, and Sudan, using a convenience sampling technique, an online survey comprising demographic details, information regarding COVID-19, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT). RESULTS: In total, 2749 participants completed the questionnaire. Of the total, 67.6% scored above 30 in the IAT, suggesting the presence of an Internet addiction, and 73.5% scored equal and above 5 in the PSQI, suggesting poor sleep quality. Internet addiction was found to be significant predictors of poor sleep quality, causing 13.2% of the variance in poor sleep quality. Participants who reported COVID-19 related symptoms had disturbed sleep and higher internet addiction levels when compared with those who did not. Participants who reported a diagnosis of COVID-19 reported poor sleep quality. Those living with a COVID-19 diagnosed patient reported higher internet addiction and worse sleep quality compared with those who did not have any COVID-19 patients in their surroundings. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that internet addiction and poor sleep quality are two issues that require addressing amongst medical students. Medical training institutions should do their best to minimize their negative impact, particularly during the current COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Internet Addiction Disorder/complications , Internet Addiction Disorder/epidemiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/complications , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Sleep , Students, Medical , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Internationality , Language , Male , Pandemics , Research Design , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
16.
17.
Dusunen Adam ; 34(3):313-314, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1481233

ABSTRACT

Residents, in particular, should have access to mental health services for early detection and treatment of mental health illnesses, as well as self-help resources. Professional group meetings, as well as additional education about mental health disorders and burnout among physicians, avoidance of self-medication, and measures to overcome physicians' perceived shame while addressing their illness, would be helpful, in addition to standard mental health care. Fortunately, some preventive strategies were implemented early in the pandemic, including programs to promote mental health and address job burnout for healthcare workers, as well as Balint groups, which, while now mostly online, can offer valuable life-skill training to resident doctors for stress management (6).

18.
Brain Behav ; 11(11): e2383, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1469421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Poor quality sleep and emotional disturbances are expected in times of crisis. COVID-19 has severely impacted healthcare worldwide and with that comes the concern about its effects on healthcare workers. The purpose of the present study was to assess sleep quality and psychological distress in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The present work is a multi-centric cross-sectional study targeting healthcare workers from India, Pakistan, and Nepal. It used an online version of the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and the General Health Questionnaire, and data were analyzed using SPSS V.24. RESULTS: A total of 1790 participants completed the questionnaire. Of the 1790 participants, 57% reported poor sleep quality, and 10% reported a high level of psychological distress. A cross-cultural comparison found some differences between the different groups of participants. The details of the differences were further explored in the article. CONCLUSION: The present study highlights that a significant proportion of healthcare workers are affected by poor sleep quality and psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also emphasizes the imperative to provide them with psychosocial support to avoid potential short- and long-term psychological consequences of these troubling times.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Psychological Distress , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Personnel , Humans , Pandemics , Prevalence , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Psychiatria Danubina ; 32(2):305-306, 2020.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1464486

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a novel public health problem that started in China, came into limelight in December 2019, and has been declared as a Pandemic by the World health organization (WHO). This pandemic is a challenging problem for most countries as the disease has high infectivity being transmitted from person to person through the respiratory route. COVID-19 pandemic will have both short and long term implications for our society. The study of religious behaviors and religious places should be a topic of interest for controlling an outbreak like COVID-19. By sharing scientific information about COVID-19, religious and faith-based leaders can endorse that information, prevent and reduce fear and stigma about the diseases, and provide reassurance to people in their communities including promoting healthy practices. Religious leaders can under their influence convince the masses by using religious idioms regarding what must be done in dealing with any outbreak from a religious perspective and hence be more effective than civil servants in delivering messages to the community. This outbreak like any highly transmissible disease can extend beyond the control of the respective governments, so it requires all members of society to fight it together. The epidemic poses myriad scientific, technical, and logistic challenges throughout the world and without doubt, we need to marry the worlds of science and religion for sustaining mankind. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

20.
Journal of Affective Disorders Reports ; : 100219, 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1401562

ABSTRACT

Background TikTok is a recent type of video-sharing and lip-syncing online platform that is influencing adolescents rapidly and is likely to surge in view of increased use of smart-phones, internet use, ‘Lockdown’ period due to COVID-19pandemic and increasing online transactions, teachings and daily affairs worldwide. Case presentation Two teenaged girls from southern Nepal brought by their parents with problematic use of TikTok and behavioural problems that followed .They were engrossed in the mobile application that resulted in impairment at a personal, social, educational and family functioning.In addition to that, parents did not accept it on cultural grounds. However, patients did not consider it problematic .Gradually, they developed symptoms of depression, conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder but did not fulfill criteria of any disorder. The provisional diagnosis of Behavioural addiction was considered and Cognitive behavioural therapy planned. These cases posed diagnostic dilemma, challenging treatment sessions and partial success. Conclusions The line between normal and abnormal use of such mobile application is hazy in context of its social acceptability and growing use. The conflict appeared between traditional values and modern means of entertainment poses therapeutic challenge. Authors advise parental involvement, psychotherapeutic means, behavioral therapy and a collaborative approach with adolescents rather than pharmacotherapy for comprehensive treatment.

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