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Indian Journal of Extension Education ; 58(3):18-23, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026822


The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of COVID-19 on the consumption patterns of vegetarians and non-vegetarian populations, mainly on animal-based products. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was conducted among the urban and periurban populations of Bengaluru, Karnataka during October to November of 2020 through electronic mode. The data was collected from 837 (54.2% non-vegetarian and 54.2% vegetarians) participants. Significant change in the number of family members before and during the COVID lockdown was observed. The egg and chicken consumption had drastically increased among the non-vegetarians whereas, among the majority of the vegetarians, no change in milk consumption but a considerable increase in curd and buttermilk, paneer/cheese, and ghee/butter consumption was observed. Both non-vegetarian and vegetarian consumers had shifted to online delivery apps for purchasing products during the pandemic. The majority of the non-vegetarians (80.84%) and vegetarians (55.09%) opined that the price of meat and milk products increased during the pandemic. The pandemic had an effect on consumption among non-vegetarian and vegetarian consumers but increased accessibility of products through deliveries or pick-up points at various locations might have reduced the price and also induce the consumption of these products.

Indian Journal of Dairy Science ; 75(4):365-375, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2026620


The present study assessed the disruptions in the dairy food supply chain and associated stakeholders due to COVID-19 in Karnataka, India. A cross-sectional survey using a multistage random sampling procedure was conducted and data was collected from the dairy food supply chain associated stakeholders in Karnataka, India. The results revealed that milk providers to the co-operatives increased by 4.67 % and the quantity of milk collection increased by 25.15 % during the lockdown. On the service front, 41.3% of the dairy co-operative societies faced animal feed shortage. The average per day milk consumption increased by 42.7 % during lockdown mainly driven by the return of family members from cities to villages. However, the gross income realized through milk sales by the dairy farmers decreased during the lockdown period mainly due to reduced milk prices offered by the co-operatives. The gross income realized through the sale of milk products by the vendors declined by 5.11% due to a fall in demand for various milk products. Despite many problems faced by the co-operative sector during the lockdown, it acted as a buffer and protected the dairy food supply chain from the free market and capitalist breakdown in Karnataka.

Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1935181


The study assessed the impact of COVID-19 associated lockdowns on animal health services, coping practices, and financial loss to livestock farmers in Karnataka. A cross-sectional survey among 170 livestock farmers and 24 field veterinarians working in the study jurisdiction were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and repeated ANOVA were employed to asses the impact of COVID-19 lockdown. The results revealed a significant difference in the number of cases attended at different periods of lockdowns and among the veterinarians, with a decline in the number of cases attended across the species of pets (54.9%) followed by goats (35.3%), sheep (29.1%), cattle (25.5%) and buffalo (21.6%) during the lockdown. The mode of veterinarian contact through phone calls (80%) and WhatsApp (46.7%) increased significantly and veterinarian visits decreased by 27.3% and farmers' visits to veterinary hospitals decreased by 61.9% during lockdown. The livestock farmers' welfare schemes were ed by lockdown and the vaccine administration against diseases like PPR, ET, and HS per veterinarian declined in sheep and goats. However, targeted vaccination against FMD in cattle was found achieved. The COVID-19 and associated lockdown affected the livestock farmers in multiple dimensions. Hence, to cope with lockdown-like situations, it is recommended to engage trained personnel, practitioners, and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) associated with animal health care services to provide uninterrupted health care services to livestock farmers.