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1.
Sensing Tools and Techniques for COVID-19: Developments and Challenges in Analysis and Detection of Coronavirus ; : 1-312, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2149169

ABSTRACT

Sensing Tools and Techniques for COVID-19: Developments and Challenges in Analysis and Detection of Coronavirus helps readers understand the basic principles of sensor development. Sections give a brief overview of the physical and chemical properties of sensing tools and the basics of techniques. With recent advancements in sensing technology, various smart materials and techniques are now being employed for new purposes. In addition, biosensing devices can be tuned at the molecular level to perform better detection of COVID-19. This book covers the various approaches for the development and fabrication of biosensor systems for the analysis of the novel coronavirus. In addition, the book discusses the commercialization and standardization of biosensing technology, along with future perspectives on biosensor technologies used for the analysis and treatment of COVID-19. This book will serve as an up-to-date source of trusted information on biosensor tools and techniques for the analysis of COVID-19. © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 34(2):248-253, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1989117

ABSTRACT

The most important aspect of Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) involves the circulation of trustworthy and accurate information in the public health interest domain. Strict stringency measures such as nationwide lockdown impacted people's mental health. Hence, this study was planned to assess the knowledge, practice, and anxiety among the Indian population about the ongoing pandemic in the initial phase. Methods: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted between August 1, 2020, to October 5, 2020. Coronavirus Anxiety Scale was used to determine dysfunctional anxiety. Results: Among 553 participants, 73.6% had overall good knowledge of COVID-19 with mean correct score of 6.9±1.1. Majority of participants (97%) wore mask regularly, and 93% of respondents regularly washed their hands with soap and water. Only 14 participants scored ≥9 on CAS, suggesting probable cases of dysfunctional anxiety associated with the COVID-19 crisis. Conclusion: The knowledge and practices of citizens in a nation reflect their preparedness and ability to deal with a pandemic of such proportion. Good knowledge translates to good practices and therefore reduces anxiety among the population. It is deemed necessary that people's knowledge and habits, including the mental impact, be accessed at periodic intervals to track their adaptation to pandemics over time. © 2022, Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine. All rights reserved.

3.
13th IEEE-PES Asia Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC) ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1816431

ABSTRACT

Different countries and regions across the world have adopted various responses and containment measures since the early part of 2020 to control the spread of the coronavirus causing Covid-19. These measures have caused significant changes in peoples' mobility, utilization of commercial and industrial facilities, deployment of government resources to provide necessary financial sustenance and support public health. In this study, we have analyzed the impact of these response measures on aggregate electric load in 4 different regions in the US and tried to identify how the load forecasting models may need to be changed post-pandemic. The key findings from our research include (1) the confirmation of a paradigm change in the nature of power demand before and after the pandemic, (2) the emergence of Covid-19 response related factors as predictors of load, and, (3) the reduction in relative importance of traditional load-influencing factors, including temperature, during the pandemic.

4.
Journal of the Indian Chemical Society ; 98(10):11, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1510018

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is considered as a major public health problem caused by the SARS CoV-2. This Viral infection is known to induce worldwide pandemic in short period of time. Emerging evidence suggested that the transmission control and drug therapy may influence the preventive measures extensively as the host surrounding environment and pathogenic mechanism may contribute to the pandemic condition earlier in COVID-19 disease. Although, several animals identified as reservoir to date, however human-to-human transmission is well documented. Human beings are sustaining the virus in the communities and act as an amplifier of the virus. Human activities i.e., living with the patient, touching patient waste etc. in the surrounding of active patients or asymptomatic persons cause significant risk factors for transmission. On the other hand, drug target and mechanism to destroy the virus or virus inhibition depends on diversified approaches of drugs and different target for virus life cycle. This article describes the sustainable chemical preventive models understanding, requirements, technology adaptation and the implementation strategies in these pandemic-like situations. As the outbreak progresses, healthcare models focused on transmission control through disinfections and sanitization based on risk calculations. Identification of the most suitable target of drugs and regional control model of transmission are of high priority. In the early stages of an outbreak, availability of epidemiological information is important to encourage preventive measures efforts by public health authorities and provide robust evidence to guide interventions. Here, we have discussed the level of adaptations in technology that research professionals display toward their public health preventive models. We should compile a representative data set of adaptations that humans can consider for transmission control and adopt for viruses and their hosts. Overall, there are many aspects of the chemical science and technology in virus preventive measures. Herein, the most recent advances in this context are discussed, and the possible reasons behind the sustainable preventive model are presented. This kind of sustainable preventive model having adaptation and implementation with green chemistry system will reduce the shedding of the virus into the community by eco-friendly methods, and thus the risk of transmission and infection progression can be mitigated.

5.
Indian Forester ; 146(8):750-765, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-887793

ABSTRACT

World health organization (WHO) starts investigating the possibilities in Phyto-medicines after the outburst of SARS in 2002-2003. In the continuation of viral pandemics in December 2019, a novel corona virus came into existence. The whole world is facing the severe condition due to outbreaks of the present virus. More than two lakhs persons have lost their lives, livelihood and economy due to this COVID-19 virus. In the present review authors are trying to establish the relationship between viral disease and herbal secondary metabolites and rituals smoke with special context to India. Human beings are inhaling the ceremonial fumes from the primeval period. Several plants have shown their antiviral properties against the COVID family viruses such as Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Even every civilization has its strong folk remedial knowledge based on plants, animals and natural products. The ritual vapours not only purify the environment but also increases the immunity of a person. Other promising cure to break the spreading chain of this virus is lockdown. When the whole world is in search of effective medicine for the catastrophic disease, the prospects of Ayurveda should be explored.

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