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Brief Bioinform ; 23(1)2022 01 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1434365


MOTIVATION: The Estimation of Model Accuracy problem is a cornerstone problem in the field of Bioinformatics. As of CASP14, there are 79 global QA methods, and a minority of 39 residue-level QA methods with very few of them working on protein complexes. Here, we introduce ZoomQA, a novel, single-model method for assessing the accuracy of a tertiary protein structure/complex prediction at residue level, which have many applications such as drug discovery. ZoomQA differs from others by considering the change in chemical and physical features of a fragment structure (a portion of a protein within a radius $r$ of the target amino acid) as the radius of contact increases. Fourteen physical and chemical properties of amino acids are used to build a comprehensive representation of every residue within a protein and grade their placement within the protein as a whole. Moreover, we have shown the potential of ZoomQA to identify problematic regions of the SARS-CoV-2 protein complex. RESULTS: We benchmark ZoomQA on CASP14, and it outperforms other state-of-the-art local QA methods and rivals state of the art QA methods in global prediction metrics. Our experiment shows the efficacy of these new features and shows that our method is able to match the performance of other state-of-the-art methods without the use of homology searching against databases or PSSM matrices. AVAILABILITY:

COVID-19 , Caspases/chemistry , Machine Learning , Models, Molecular , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Viral Proteins/chemistry , Humans , Protein Structure, Quaternary , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Sequence Analysis, Protein
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(2)2021 01 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1066041


Information about macromolecular structure of protein complexes and related cellular and molecular mechanisms can assist the search for vaccines and drug development processes. To obtain such structural information, we present DeepTracer, a fully automated deep learning-based method for fast de novo multichain protein complex structure determination from high-resolution cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) maps. We applied DeepTracer on a previously published set of 476 raw experimental cryo-EM maps and compared the results with a current state of the art method. The residue coverage increased by over 30% using DeepTracer, and the rmsd value improved from 1.29 Å to 1.18 Å. Additionally, we applied DeepTracer on a set of 62 coronavirus-related cryo-EM maps, among them 10 with no deposited structure available in EMDataResource. We observed an average residue match of 84% with the deposited structures and an average rmsd of 0.93 Å. Additional tests with related methods further exemplify DeepTracer's competitive accuracy and efficiency of structure modeling. DeepTracer allows for exceptionally fast computations, making it possible to trace around 60,000 residues in 350 chains within only 2 h. The web service is globally accessible at

Deep Learning , Models, Structural , Molecular Structure , SARS-CoV-2/chemistry , Viral Proteins/ultrastructure , Cryoelectron Microscopy