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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 222: 114989, 2023 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2306553

ABSTRACT

For point-of-care testing (POCT), coupling isothermal nucleic acid amplification schemes (e.g., recombinase polymerase amplification, RPA) with lateral flow assay (LFA) readout is an ideal platform, since such integration offers both high sensitivity and deployability. However, isothermal schemes typically suffers from non-specific amplification, which is difficult to be differentiated by LFA and thus results in false-positives. Here, we proposed an accurate POCT platform by specific recognition of target amplicons with peptide nucleic acid (PNA, assisted by T7 Exonuclease), which could be directly plugged into the existing RPA kits and commercial LFA test strips. With SARS-CoV-2 as the model, the proposed method (RPA-TeaPNA-LFA) efficiently eliminated the false-positives, exhibiting a lowest detection concentration of 6.7 copies/µL of RNA and 90 copies/µL of virus. Using dual-gene (orf1ab and N genes of SARS-CoV-2) as the targets, RPA-TeaPNA-LFA offered a high specificity (100%) and sensitivity (RT-PCR Ct < 31, 100%; Ct < 40, 71.4%), and is valuable for on-site screening or self-testing during isolation. In addition, the dual test lines in the test strips were successfully explored for simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 and H1N1, showing great potential in response to future pathogen-based pandemics.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , COVID-19 , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Nucleic Acids , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/genetics , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/diagnosis , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods , Point-of-Care Testing , Sensitivity and Specificity , Recombinases/genetics
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 688, 2020 Sep 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-781448

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is currently the peak season of common respiratory viral infections. However, the clinical symptoms of most SARS-CoV-2 infected patients are not significantly different from those of common respiratory viral infections. Therefore, knowing the epidemiological patterns of common respiratory viruses may be valuable to improve the diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy of patients with suspected COVID-19, especially in Southwest China (a mild epidemic area). METHODS: A total of 2188 patients with clinically suspected of COVID-19 in Southwest China were recruited from January 21 to February 29, 2020. Nasopharyngeal swabs, throat swabs and sputum specimens were collected to detect SARS-CoV-2 by using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and other 12 viruses via PCR fragment analysis combined with capillary electrophoresis. Clinical characteristics and laboratory test findings were acquired from electronic medical records. All data were analyzed to unravel the epidemiological patterns. RESULTS: Only 1.1% (24/2188) patients with suspected COVID-19 were eventually confirmed to have SARS-CoV-2 infection, and the most frequently observed symptoms were fever (75.0%, 18/24) and cough (20.8%, 5/24). The overall detection rate of other respiratory pathogens was 10.3% (226/2188). Among them, human rhinovirus (3.2%, 71/2188), human parainfluenza viruses (1.6%, 35/2188), influenza B virus (1.2%, 26/2188) and mycoplasma pneumonia (1.2%, 26/2188) were the predominantly detected pathogens in this study. Moreover, the co-infection was observed in 22 specimens. Notably, one COVID-19 case had a coexisting infection with human parainfluenza virus (4.2%, 1/24) and bocavirus was the most common virus tending to occur in co-infection with other respiratory pathogens. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the epidemiological features of common respiratory viruses and their clinical impact during the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19 in a mild epidemic area. The findings highlight the importance of understanding the transmission patterns of the common respiratory virus in COVID-19 regions, which can provide information support for the development of appropriate treatment plans and health policies, while eliminating unnecessary fear and tension.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Respiratory System/virology , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Adult , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Coinfection/epidemiology , Cough/virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
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