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1.
Cogent Social Sciences ; 8(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1997033

ABSTRACT

Migrations, whether forced or voluntary, are often characterised by cultural insecurities for immigrants, refugees and displaced persons. This study focuses on the appropriation of African Indigenous Knowledge Systems (AIKS) in the implementation of water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities by women at Tongogara Refugee Camp (TRC), Zimbabwe. It argues that despite the impact of modernist predispositions on personal and collective identity, refugee women continually tap from their indigenous epistemic cultural memories in the context of their place-based social amenities and alternatives supplied by refugee camp authorities. Informed by a Feminist Political Ecology (FPE) theoretical framework;and drawing from a qualitative research method, the study used interviews, focus group discussions and participatory observations as the major data collection tools. The study established that in the face of resource scarcity in the camp, women creatively utilized strategies anchored on AIKS to enhance water sanitation and hygiene. In addition, the research noted that very little is being done towards the promotion of AIKS in the camp as the prevailing structures favour western innovation and technological advancements in WASH activities. The study concludes that it is praiseworthy and fundamental to resuscitate AIKS and blend it with modern scientific knowledge to resolve the vicissitudes of refugee women in the era affected by Cyclone Idai and the COVID-19 pandemic.

2.
Sustainability ; 14(7), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1903421

ABSTRACT

Household food insecurity in South African suburban low-income households is a major challenge. Research outcomes that will inform decisions on effective solutions towards reducing household food insecurity in South Africa are essential. The purpose of this study was firstly to determine the food security status of households and the skills of household members in Ward 60 of the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. Secondly, it was also to determine the association between the socioeconomic and demographic variables of the households and their level of food (in-)security. The study employed a mixed method of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, comprising a qualitative Community-Based Participatory Action Research (CBPAR) methodology and a quantitative household food security survey methodology. A household food security survey was employed using a questionnaire that was based on the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). The questionnaire was used to collect data from 170 randomly selected households. The data analysis used the HFIAS score and logistic regression analysis. The results show 6.1% of households as food secure, 3.05% as mildly food insecure, 13.4% as moderately food insecure, and 77.4% as severely food insecure. The results also show that a significant unemployment rate, a reliance on social grants, and absence of income seriously impact the extent of household food insecurity. The results show a significant association between the household food security and the variables of unemployment, income, and gender. The regression analysis results suggest that gender, household size, age, employment, and household income influence household food security. The results of the household skills show that the households had a variety of skills. These results can help to inform decisions by the government, local municipalities, NGOs, and other stakeholders towards designing effective solutions for enhancing household food security.

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