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1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 693159, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1441154

ABSTRACT

Background: In the face of the contemporary COVID-19 pandemic, health service providers have emerged as the most at-risk individuals who are likely to contract the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Aim: To measure the prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) during COVID outbreak among health workers in Saudi Arabia using FiRST and LFESSQ tool. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional methodology to explore the prevalence of Fibromyalgia among health workers at different health care settings in Saudi Arabia. The assessment of the prevalence of fibromyalgia among health worker was determined by using the Fibromyalgia Rapid Screening Tool (FiRST) and London Fibromyalgia Epidemiological Study Screening Questionnaire (LFESSQ) questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data. Results: The sample size included 992 participants. The prevalence of fibromyalgia using FiRST and LFESSQ was 12.6 and 19.8%, respectively. In this study, the prevalence of fibromyalgia was higher in females when compared to males. Most of the respondents have Vitamin D deficiency. The relationship of fibromyalgia was significantly associated with the participants who worked during an outbreak, who covered COVID-19 inpatient, covered in-hospital on call and in area quarantine. Conclusion: The study's findings demonstrate that the prevalence of Fibromyalgia among health service providers during the current COVID-19 pandemic is considerably higher and that there are potential interventions that may be employed to mitigate the prevalence of the infection during the COVID-19 crisis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fibromyalgia , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Health Personnel , Humans , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology
2.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(12): e14383, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1238432

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: There are many countries that inhibit diverse populations and hence, studies have been conducted to find the relation between ethnic and racial groups within a society and incidence or mortality because of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the racial effect on the severity of disease and in-hospital outcomes in individuals diagnosed with COVID-19. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study is based on records of 804 tested positive COVID-19 patients presented at Dammam Medical Complex and Braira quarantine from March 2020 to May 2020 was conducted after approval from the ethical board. Patient's records included the routine patient's consent statement about the explanation of all the investigations and procedures before being performed. Data were retrieved and included in the analysis were age, gender, country of origin, racial background (Arab, Caucasian, Asian, Black, Latin and Hispanic), the severity of COVID-19 and outcome. RESULTS: Out of total 804 confirmed patients of COVID-19, there were 647 (80.5%) male patients and 157 (19.5%) female patients (M:F ratio = 4.1:1). Male preponderance was seen in all racial groups and significantly higher amongst the Asians than the Middle Eastern race (91.2% vs. 70.3%, p = .000). The mean age of Asians was significantly higher than the mean age of the Middle Eastern and Black and Caucasian races (42.8 ± 10.0 vs. 39.6 ± 16.3 vs. 37.0 ± 10.3, p = .003). The proportion of deaths was considerably higher amongst Asians (5.4%) compared with Middle Eastern patients (1.2%) (p value = .001). CONCLUSION: Severity and in-hospital outcome were varying considerably amongst the racial groups. East and South Asian COVID-19 patients had more severe symptoms and less recovery rate compared with other groups, late presentation may be a contributory reason. Hence, evaluation of the severity of COVID-19 in relation to the various racial groups along with demographic characteristics and other risk factors can provide baseline guidance to the clinical care providers to initiate earlier and appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Female , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Saudi Dent J ; 33(8): 1166-1173, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1078189

ABSTRACT

Background: A major shift has occured in the trend of dealing with dental caries from primary to secondary prevention, specially after SDF approval off-label by US FDA in recent years and Hall Technique (HT) in the last decade. Objectives: To determine the frequency of awareness and use of Silver Diammine Fluoride (SDF) and Hall technique among dental professionals in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a public hospital, metropolitan city of Middle Eastern region between March 15, 2019 & January 31, 2020. Dental practitioners were requested, with their consent, to fill up a digitally designed survey. Chi-square test on SPSS-20.0 was applied to compare frequency of awareness and use of SDF and HALL Technique among the survey participants. Results: The awareness of SDF was found to be 73.6% among specialists, 54.9% among graduates and 29.6% among students whereas awareness of HALL technique for stainless steel crown in pediatric dentistry was found statistically similar in all participants groups i.e. 42.7% in students, 55.5% in graduates and 54.9% in specialist group (p = 0.125). Conclusion: The results show potential with regards to awareness of dental specialists & postgraduate residents but inadequate among general dentists and students though all were keen advocates and found committed to its use to help the community. It points towards a further need of the of education for all groups. Those non- invasive techniques are very useful tools in general but specifically during Covid-19 pandemic where they can play a major role in preventing the spread of infection, arresting decay, alleviating pain and anxiety without resorting to aggressive treatment like pulp treatment/extraction. Low response rate may be improved in future through the respondents' counselling and regular follow up.

4.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 363, 2020 12 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-992473

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of dental professionals in Saudi Arabia regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: A questionnaire was developed to assess various dental professionals from both governmental and private sectors through online and social media outlets. RESULTS: A total of 1,033 questionnaires were collected (273 dental students, 193 dental auxiliary personnel, 544 dentists). In all, 63.4% of the respondents worked in hospitals. Of all the respondents, 44.9%, 33.4%, and 21.7% worked in governmental clinics, academia, and the private sector, respectively. Overall knowledge of the incubation period and route of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 was consistent across all dental professions. Knowledge of hand-soap cleaning time was significantly different among dental professionals (p < 0.001). Dental professionals displayed significant disagreement on the survival of SARS-CoV-2 outside the host (p < 0.001). Furthermore, 75.1% of the respondents were reluctant to treat a suspected COVID-19 patient, and 92% of the participants believed that the mode of transmission was droplet inhalation. Fever, coughing, and shortness of breath were identified as the most common symptoms of COVID-19. Most standard methods of prevention in the dental office were selected by at least 50% of the participants. CONCLUSIONS: Dental professionals seem to be consistent regarding their knowledge of the incubation period of SARS-CoV-2. However, knowledge of viral survivability and recommended hand-soap washing time was significantly variable among the professionals. A high degree of apprehension toward suspected COVID-19 patients existed among all dental professionals. Pandemic-awareness campaigns are essential among healthcare providers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Auxiliaries , Dentists , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
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