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1.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ; 205(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1927760

ABSTRACT

RATIONALE: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need for population adherence to recommended prevention and control measures for acute respiratory infections. This study aims to summarize and evaluate the evidence on barriers for populational adherence to vaccine to prevent acute respiratory infections. METHODS: A qualitative evidence synthesis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Protocols statement and the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organization of Care: Qualitative Evidence Synthesis. An electronic search was performed in three databases (MEDLINE [Ovid], Embase [Ovid], and PsycINFO) from their inception to the present. We included studies published in Portuguese, English and Spanish that used both qualitative data collection and analysis methods. We also included studies that used mixed methods, when used qualitative methods of analysis. Risk of bias of the included studies was assessed using the Critical Skills Appraisal Programme (CASP). The certainty of the evidence was assessed by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations-Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research (GRADECERQual) approach. The best-fit framework approach was followed as the strategy for data analysis and synthesis. Data were synthesized using adapted dimensions from the 'The Health Belief Model' (HBM) and the 'Behaviour Change Wheel' (BCW). RESULTS: Thirteen studies were included. The studies were related to influenza, H1N1, invasive pneumococcal disease, pertussis, and other acute respiratory infections. Most studies were assessed as having appropriate methological rigour. Regarding the confidence in the evidence of the thirteen findings, identified from the thirteen included studies, four were we graded four as high confidence certainty of evidence, four as moderate, three as low and two as very low certainty of evidence. The findings were presented within the six identified themes of the being two of the HBM model (perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers) and four of the COM-B model (social opportunity, automatic motivation, psychological capability and reflective motivation). CONCLUSIONS: Several factors can be considered barriers to implementing adequate populational adherence to immunization against respiratory infectious diseases: misperceptions on vaccination costs, lack of knowledge about the disease and its severity, lack of personal and environmental susceptibility, general misperceptions about vaccines (including their production, testing, and distribution protocols) and vaccine availability. In addition, other cultural and personal backgrounds can also be considered a leading cause: fear, lack of public awareness, inconvenience to take vaccination, unfortunate experiences in the past, and other misperceptions about efficacy, risks, side effects, among others.

2.
Springer Series in Design and Innovation ; 14:289-302, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1877699

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to assess the effects of employing an agile pedagogical methodology can have on the creative and educational processes of typeface design. The time available for students in public higher education institutions to learn is increasingly scarce due to all the academic solicitations and current courses’ structure. It is especially challenging to apply their recently acquired knowledge into practice. We have developed the SLOType workshop methodology supported by Gerrit Noordzij’s “The Stroke” theory to be used in a learning environment. And a companion digital online application to support the activities by providing increasingly complex type design prompts synchronized with the theoretical approach. This methodology aims to kickstart the acquisition of theoretical knowledge, practical skills and, at the same time, to promote autonomous learning by challenging the students by gamifying the user experience. The preliminary analysis of three editions of an experimental study of the workshop in two different master courses in public higher education institutions with 127 participants seems to indicate that practice helps to promote creativity;the SLOType methodology and digital application have a slightly positive effect on the visual quality and originality of results generated, and the tool seems to trigger the necessary curiosity and drive users to further research type design history and references. The workshop method has been adapted to an online mode during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has also promoted the use of tools and the definition of features that have improved and will improve future editions. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

3.
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy ; 43:S367-S368, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1859660

ABSTRACT

A Acreditação é a mais impactante estratégia de melhoria que prioriza a segurança e que busca o aprimoramento contínuo. O Programa QMentum Internacional teve início em novembro de 2019 com aplicação de visitas preparatórias, inicialmente presenciais, promovendo o desenvolvimento educacional em 08 Bancos de Sangue e mais de 140 agências transfusionais de 240 hospitais e clínicas, totalizando mais de 220 mil pacientes atendidos anualmente em 16 Estados brasileiros. A proposta desafiadora diante da amplitude do Grupo se tornaria ainda mais complexa, pois, com apenas três meses de projeto, tivemos o surgimento da pandemia do coronavírus. Mesmo diante das adversidades a Alta Gestão do Grupo entendeu a necessidade de fortalecer a Cultura de Segurança na Instituição. Objetivo: Descrever estratégias para obtenção da Certificação, bem como, a Cultura de Segurança, enraizada e cultivada em todas as esferas dos processos. Método: Utilizados os dados do projeto da Acreditação e da Pesquisa de Cultura de Segurança. Resultados: O Grupo conquistou a Certificação Internacional QMentum Diamond, o mais alto nível de excelência. Esse passo traz a consolidação da Cultura de Segurança Institucional além do nivelamento demonstrado nos resultados sistêmicos de excelência. Discussão: Após as visitas de diagnóstico, foram selecionadas as ROPs (Required Organizational Pratices), são práticas organizacionais obrigatórias respaldadas em evidências. Com as 14 ROPs, a Qualidade traçou o plano de ação para disseminar os conceitos e engajar os profissionais (cerca de 1700) com a proposta de assimilar que não teriam novas atividades, mas apenas uma forma nova de nomear as rotinas já executadas, solidificando a Cultura de Segurança. O planejamento conteve, por exemplo: 1. Vídeos Institucionais: de curta duração, vinculados por via whatsapp e e-mails, contendo exemplos de aplicação dos testes de conformidades e suas evidências, favorecendo assimilação das boas práticas. 2. Cartilha do Programa QMentum Internacional: distribuída de forma impressa e individual, contextualizando e correlacionando a identidade organizacional e planejamento estratégico do Grupo com o processo de Acreditação. 3. Auditorias Internas: o checklist desenvolvido especificamente para cada setor, com teste de conformidade de 75% por ROP, desta maneira, foram desenvolvidos crachás para os colaboradores, colecionarem os 14 bottons, diante da performance obtida gerando um clima competitivo, amistoso e emponderando os colaboradores como identificadores e condutores das melhorias. 4. Pesquisa de Cultura de Segurança: avalia as percepções dos profissionais sobre as práticas de segurança e o compromisso da gestão, bem como, a concretização desta como estratégia institucional, fortalecendo o clima organizacional, obtendo média de 87% de conformidade na primeira aplicação. O projeto foi realizado de forma robusta, com demais ações. Conclusão: Uma trajetória brilhante, com interação corporativa, focado nas diretrizes e padrões globais com consolidação da Cultura de Segurança, a Certificação apenas reflete as boas práticas vivenciadas todos os dias pelos colaboradores do Grupo GSH.

4.
Dialogia ; - (40):18, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856158

ABSTRACT

This article presents the results of an investigation that knew how the teachers - that work with 3rd and 5th years, in Elementary school, at Escola Municipal Jose Ribeiro Bessa, in Mataraca - Paraiba, Brazil - used the technological resources during the Emergencial Remote Teaching (ERT). Thus, we used the theoretical references grounded by Pahl, Schutz and Mayer (2020), Gaetano, Junior and Teixeira (2020), Behrens (2013) and the delivered opinion by the Conselho Nacional de Educacao, CNE/CP: number 5 (BRASIL, 2020a), number 15 (BRASIL, 2020b), number 6 (BRASIL, 2021a) and number 2 (BRASIL, 2021b). Questionnaire is the technique used to collect data, and the information was verified in accordance with the analysis content (BARDIN, 2020). This research indicates that the difficulties related to the internet access by the students, the need of adaptation and overcoming of ERT by teachers, emphasize the social execution processes already existed, the teaching precariousness and the offered education quality.

5.
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol ; 60(2): 234-242, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1819400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy involves dynamic changes in the maternal immune system, thus potentially affecting women's response to infection. The aim of this study was to investigate whether gestational age at the time of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is associated with mortality and morbidity related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in hospitalized pregnant women. METHODS: This was a cohort study of pregnant women with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection at any gestational age (categorized into trimesters) who were hospitalized in Brazil from February 2020 to November 2021. Sociodemographic and epidemiological characteristics, signs and symptoms, comorbidities, interventions, vaccination status and type of healthcare establishment were obtained from a nationwide database. Multivariate logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to identify independent risk factors for in-hospital COVID-19-related mortality and morbidity (defined as time from hospital admission to recovery). RESULTS: A total of 7461 SARS-CoV-2-infected pregnant women were included in the study (9.3%, 28.4% and 62.3% in the first, second and third trimesters, respectively). After adjustment for sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical characteristics, and intervention-related variables, gestational age at infection was found not to be associated with COVID-19-related mortality and morbidity. Women admitted to establishments with an obstetric center, compared to hospitals without, were 38% less likely to die from SARS-CoV-2 infection (adjusted odds ratio, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.48-0.80), while patients who received private not-for-profit healthcare had a 13% shorter time to recovery (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.07-1.20) compared to those who received public healthcare. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a higher percentage of women being admitted in the third trimester, we found no association between gestational age and COVID-19 mortality and morbidity. The previously reported increase in morbidity and mortality in the third trimester in pregnant women with COVID-19 may be attributable to other gestational-age-affected variables for which adjustment was made in our study. © 2022 The Authors. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Cohort Studies , Female , Gestational Age , Hospitals , Humans , Morbidity , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Humanidades & Inovacao ; 8(64):65-77, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1766557

ABSTRACT

This article addresses the theme of municipal education, based on a critical perspective, based on a literature review and document analysis. The objective is to examine the implications of the Covid-19 pandemic on school planning and organization in the city of Ponte Alta do Tocantins. In a complex and challenging context for education systems and their educational institutions, the data and documentary information in this study point to a consonance between the city's school planning and organization with national and state standards, guidelines and guidelines, especially with regard to remote learning. And the bibliographic results show that the Municipal Education System faces major challenges in this pandemic context, among them, the in-depth discussion on federative relations and the collaboration regime within this municipality and its Education System with the state and the State Education System, as a way to support the management of municipal education.

7.
Navus-Revista De Gestao E Tecnologia ; 11:13, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1573057

ABSTRACT

Tourism has been the object and subject of different scholars in recent decades. Studies and research are concerned with a thematic diversity, from more traditional themes to the most recent ones which were incorporated due to globalization, the emergence and development of technologies associated with entrepreneurship, and innovation. This study is part of a set of other studies carried out within the scope of the research project funded by CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development), which relates the development of governance and developed destination in collaboration with several Brazilian and foreign higher education institutions. This motivated the analysis of scientific publications on tourist destinations in Brazil and their relationship with development, in the period prior to the Sars-Cov-2 pandemic (COVID-19). The article adopted a qualitative approach and secondary data, specifically the scientific publications of the specialized database Scientific Periodicals Electronic Library (Spell).The result revealed that scientific production in the field of tourism development in the country has evolved in quality, but is still restricted, a fact inferred by the small number of articles found on the researched topic, mainly on methodologies and indicators for the development of tourist destinations.

8.
United European Gastroenterology Journal ; 9(SUPPL 8):622, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1490977

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Short-course preoperative radiotherapy (SCPRT) and chemoradiotherapy (CRT) have similar effectiveness when used as preoperative therapy for local advanced rectal cancer (LARC). In our institution CRT is the preferred treatment. During SARS-CoV2 pandemics, there was a necessity to use SCPRT to reduce patient's exposure to hospital care. Aims & Methods: We aim to evaluate the results of preoperative therapy choice on the oncological outcome of patients. Data from patients with LARC submitted to curative surgery between 2015 and 2020 was included. Two groups were made, according to preoperative therapy, comparing the interval of surgery after preoperative therapy, type of surgery, morbidity, clinical and pathological staging and regression grade. Results: 76 patients were included: 51 after CRT and 25 after SCPRT. No differences were found between our groups when comparing downstaging, downgrading or complete tumoral response (cTR). Patients submitted to CRT had a better response (TRG Mandard 1 and 2) when compared to SCPRT, although this difference was not statistically significant (p=0,053). Downsizing and CTR were significantly associated with larger intervals between end of preoperative therapy and surgery (p=0,014 and p=0,004, respectively). There was no association between interval to surgery and post-operative complications. Conclusion: The selection of CRT or SPCRT had no influence in the shortterm oncological results of LARC patients, although CRT patients had a better tumoral regressing response. Additional studies are necessary to confirm superiority of CRT on tumoral response.

9.
Trop. Med. Int. Health ; 26:14-14, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1456880
10.
Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1446279

ABSTRACT

To mitigate financial loss and follow the recommended sanitary measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, self-reading, a method in which a consumer reads and reports his own energy consumption, has been presented as an efficient alternative for power companies. In such context, this work presents a solution for self-reading via chatbot in chatting applications. This solution is under development as part of a research and development (R&D) project. It is integrated with a method based on image processing that automatically reads the energy consumption and recognizes the identification code of a meter for validation purposes. Furthermore, all processes utilize cognitive services from the IBM Watson platform to recognize intentions in the dialog with the consumers. The dataset used to validate the proposed method for self-reading contains examples of analogical and digital meters used by Equatorial Energy group. Preliminary results presented accuracies of 77.20% and 84.30%, respectively, for the recognition of complete reading sequences and identification codes in digital meters and accuracies of 89% and 95.20% in the context of analogical meters. Considering both meter types, the method obtains an accuracy per digit of 97%. The proposed method was also evaluated with UFPR-AMR public dataset and achieves a result comparable to the state of the art. © 2021, Brazilian Society for Automatics--SBA.

11.
Revista Eletronica Pesquiseduca ; 13(30):533-552, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1431420

ABSTRACT

This article reports an intervention that took place in an operational group carried out with teachers from different locations who had to adapt to emergency remote education (ERE, Brazilian acronym) in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. The objectives were to welcome teachers, analyze their difficulties with ERE, and rethink their remote classes in order to make them more critical. During the intervention, the teachers complained about their difficulties in preparing remote classes, their stress due to continuous exposure to the Internet, and their difficulties in guiding parents on how to monitor students' remote learning. Thus, the intervention debate valued the teacher's role as an essential worker who helps individuals interpret this pandemic moment. The welcoming group was a valuable device to expose the difficulties and reflect on the development of critical actions concerning ERE.

12.
Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias ; 93(4):e20210543, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1398986

ABSTRACT

The world is looking forward to a prompt response by the scientific community in order to overcome the first pandemic of the 21st century. This study aimed to provide an overview of scientific output on COVID-19 during its first year. We assembled information regarding 60,830 articles related to COVID-19 indexed in the WoS database from January 24 to December 13, 2020. Only 4 countries accounted for about 60% of the articles (USA, China, Italy, and England) and 12 countries accounted for about 95% of the world scientific output on COVID-19 (USA, China, Italy, England, India, Canada, Germany, Spain, Australia, Brazil, Iran, and Turkey). 25 research centers around the world contributed with more than 500 papers on COVID-19. Papers were scattered throughout 6,133 journals, with 12 journals with > 250 articles. 20 articles (0.03%) have already received more than the 1,000 citations. The response of the scientific endeavor to this acute global public health emergency has been fast and robust. The overview provided by the analysis of the scientific response to the pandemic may contribute to further studies aiming to evaluate the impact and changes in the scientific endeavor for the next years in light of the forthcoming new world framework.

14.
World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies, WorldCIST 2021 ; 1368 AISC:141-150, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1265451

ABSTRACT

Power substations play a key role in electrical systems. They aim to ensure system reliability, electrical operation without interruptions and safety and protection for the users and system. In this sense, the knowledge of the main concepts associated with substations is essential for the training of students and engineers who work in this area. However, the development of substation courses and training by conventional methodologies does not allow an optimal integration with users. In general, technical visits are used as an auxiliary activity. However, it takes time, since it is usually far from urban centers, where educational institutions are located, and additionally, for safety reasons, it is not allowed being close to the equipment, especially in high voltage substations. In this context, the use of virtual reality may offer educational mechanisms for users to have improved knowledge retention and motivation. Thus, this paper presents a virtual substation as a teaching tool to complement substation courses and trainings. The present system mitigates the impact on the courses and training quality, when it is not possible or it’s difficult the access on site. For example, the scenarios caused by COVID-19, which imposes remote trainings and classes at companies and universities. © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

15.
Proceedings of 2020 International Congress on Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2020 ; 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1113019

ABSTRACT

Faced with the pandemic caused by Covid-19, with recommendation of social isolation, large part of the population with lower purchasing power, living in the peripheries of Brazil, has faced difficulties in meeting the social isolation recommended by the World Health Organization. In these spaces, sociabilities are exercised in public areas of the city, such as street markets, stage of various social, cultural and economic dynamics. With various sounds, street markets mark the local soundscape. This study analyzes the sound impact caused by the commercial nucleus of one of the largest street markets in the State of Alagoas and the relationship of this impact with the acoustic perception of users, from the scenarios: before and during the pandemic. This is the Tabuleiro Market, located in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil. The methodological steps were applied: characterization of the object of study, land use and occupation;survey of objective sound data (acoustic measurements) and subjective data (questionnaires applied to users). Results indicate that even in the face of the pandemic, this street market still resists. For users, sounds related to the buying and selling process are taken as a natural part of the street market, so that its absence would rule it out. © Proceedings of 2020 International Congress on Noise Control Engineering, INTER-NOISE 2020. All rights reserved.

16.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 26(18 SUPPL), 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-992068

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic presents itself as one of the greatest health challenges on a global scale. Brazil has thehighest number of cases and deaths in Latin America, given these underestimates. Teófilo Otoni is the polemunicipality of the northeast macroregion of Minas Gerais (MG) and its health network is a reference for 448,438inhabitants. The study aims to assess the current panorama of Covid-19 in the city of Teófilo Otoni, its futureperspective, and the impacts on mortality. For the preparation of this study, data were collected on Covid-19 inTeófilo Otoni according to official bulletins issued daily by the Health Department of the State of Minas Gerais. Adescriptive analysis of the data was carried out via a map with spatialization of the cases, and, for the numericalsimulation of the evolution of the cases, the epidemiologic mathematical model S.I.R (Susceptible, Infected andRecovered) was used, combining the Code Blocks software combined with Matlab. The northeastern macroregionhas high levels of illiteracy, many rural residents, and the presence of indigenous communities in situations of socialvulnerability. Thus, in this region are found about 54% of the municipalities classified among the 100 worst MunicipalHuman Development Indexes in MG. Although a reference, Teófilo Otoni, until April 12, had only 7 beds of intensivecare units (ICU) for Covid-19.The first confirmed case of the disease in the city occurred on April 22 and themunicipality followed the recommendations of the Ministry of Health, launched on April 6, to adopt the SelectiveSocial Distancing, since there were not more than 50% of the ICU beds occupied, thus helping the Expanded SocialDistancing that was being carried out. However, the cases increased, and on May 22 the city decreed the closure ofnonessential trade, intensifying the distance measures. Until June 8, Teófilo Otoni had 372 confirmed cases and 10deaths from Covid-19, which is worthy of the simulations of the research project “Covid-19/UFVJM Bulletin,” since298 and 535 infected were expected in the first week of this month, considering the contact rate close to reality(70%). However, by another analysis, the numbers are high, since the expectation for the first week of June, withhorizontal isolation, was between 5 and 6 cases. In addition, it is imperative to highlight that deaths in the regiontend to increase, since, on June 7, the two main hospitals in the city had 100% of their beds occupied. It appearsthat Teófilo Otoni is in a situation of public calamity, since the health network is not prepared to receive all patientsreferred with Covid-19 and who require ICU, which corresponds to about 3% (13,453) of cases. This reinforces theneed to analyze epidemiologic data, expand the region's hospital network, and improve mitigation measures, as theforecasts can supplement public policies to contain the progress of the disease.

17.
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias ; 92(4):e20200700, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-742573

ABSTRACT

The Brazilian scientific community and health care workers are working hard to provide support for the political health measures to deal with this unprecedented crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic. Paradoxically, while the society is looking forward for an immediate response of the scientific community, Brazilian scientists are facing a dramatic reduction in financial support for research and graduate programs.

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