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1.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report ; 71(7):255-263, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1812722

ABSTRACT

What is already known about this topic? Protection against COVID-19 after 2 doses of mRNA vaccine wanes, but little is known about durability of protection after 3 doses. What is added by this report? Vaccine effectiveness (VE) against COVID-19-associated emergency department/urgent care (ED/UC) visits and hospitalizations was higher after the third dose than after the second dose but waned with time since vaccination. During the Omicron-predominant period, VE against COVID-19-associated ED/UC visits and hospitalizations was 87% and 91%, respectively, during the 2 months after a third dose and decreased to 66% and 78% by the fourth month after a third dose. Protection against hospitalizations exceeded that against ED/UC visits. What are the implications for public health practice? All eligible persons should remain up to date with recommended COVID-19 vaccinations to best protect against COVID-19-associated hospitalizations and ED/UC visits.

2.
Handbook of Research on Developing a Post-Pandemic Paradigm for Virtual Technologies in Higher Education ; : 347-362, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1810466

ABSTRACT

Sport is probably the main form of physical activity. Football (i.e., soccer) is often mentioned as the most popular sport. Not surprisingly, the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF) consistently registers the largest number of participants among 60 sport federations that are recognized by the Portuguese Government. To enhance quality, FPF created the Portugal Football School (PFS) aimed to promote education and applied research in parallel to knowledge transfer. The targets are players, managers, clinical professionals, nutritionists, and media. Until the emergence of the current pandemic, COVID-19, the educational model followed the traditional classroom setting for teaching and learning. This chapter's focus will be only on the PFS Education area and presenting results related to the PFS courses and participants in the pre-COVID-19 period and during COVID-19 pandemic time. © 2021 by IGI Global. All rights reserved.

3.
Italian Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics ; 34(1):30-34, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1789975

ABSTRACT

Objective. COVID-19 has spread worldwide and Portugal decreed the State of Emergency on March 18th, 2020. During this period, the population was encouraged to stay at home. Still, there were no restrictions on access to health care. Therefore, we aimed to compare the major causes for attending the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Emergency Department (ED) from a referral centre (Maternidade Dr. Alfredo da Costa, in Lisbon). Materials and Methods. Several variables were collected and compared between two periods of time: from 19th March to 2nd April 2020 and the same period of 2019. Results. During the COVID-19 pandemic period, 49.4% fewer patients visited the ED. We observed a higher number of urgent patients and hospitalization rate than previous year. Conclusions. We experienced a reduction number of admissions to the Obstetrics and Gynaecology ED, but apparently the severity of cases that visited the ED increased. © 2022, EDRA S.p.A. All rights reserved.

4.
Applied Biosafety ; 27(1):42-50, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1784291

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 diagnosis was one of the most pressing needs during the early stages of the pandemic. Its entire procedure has inherent biosafety risks that if not properly managed and mitigated can be life threatening. Cognizant of this vital aspect, the Department of Health (DOH) imposed a biosafety training requirement to all laboratories and institutions before they could perform COVID-19 diagnostic testing. But with the mandatory lockdown, conventional face-to-face training could not be conducted. To address this need, the Biosafety Education and Awareness Training COVID-19 Online Program was offered by the National Training Center for Biosafety and Biosecurity of the University of the Philippines Manila. Methods and Materials: This online training program implemented a distance learning approach made available through the Canvas Learning Management System. It consisted of seven modules on biosafety that were sufficient enough to capacitate the participants with information for them to effectively implement a biorisk management system. The participants were evaluated based on quiz, examination, and case analysis. Certificates of completion were awarded to participants who passed all evaluation methods. Results: A total of 3371 trainees from various medical professions passed and obtained the certificate. This resulted in >100 DOH-accredited COVID-19 testing laboratories by the end of 2020. Discussion and Conclusion: The online availability of this program proved to be an effective innovative solution to a unique problem. Therefore, this training program demonstrated that biosafety training can be effectively conducted online and in a distance learning approach. © Copyright 2022, ABSA International 2022 2022.

5.
Open Dentistry Journal ; 16(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1779848

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite using biosafety protocols, dentists fear contracting COVID-19 and face economic uncertainties about their professional future caused by the pandemic. Objective: This study aimed at determining the prevalence of anxiety and identifying factors associated with it among dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 408 Brazilian dental surgeons selected by snowball technique who filled an electronic questionnaire about sex, race, dental specialty, health habits, health-related quality of life, anxiety, and COVID-19-related aspects. Symptoms of anxiety were measured by the Beck anxiety inventory, and health-related quality of life was assessed by the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. Poisson regression was used to obtain estimates of adjusted prevalence ratios. Results: The prevalence rate of anxiety was found to be 27.5% and it was significantly higher among dentists who were afraid of catching COVID-19 (Prevalence Ratio=PR=2.52), and among those who reported sweating, wheezing, and increased heart rate during work (PR=3.67). Afro-American dentists were 48% more anxious than dentists belonging to the white/yellow race. The mean value of the quality of life of anxious dentists compared to non-anxious dentists was 13% lower in the physical domain, 12% lower in the psychological domain, and 7% higher in the social relationship domain. Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety among Brazilian dentists, in the context of economic uncertainty and social distance imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, is high and associated with the fear of contracting the disease, physical symptomatology of stress, being Afro-American, and altered quality of life in the physical, psychological, and social relationships domains.

6.
Perspectivas Em Dialogo-Revista De Educacao E Sociedade ; 9(19):214-229, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1777002

ABSTRACT

This essay brings reflections on teaching work based on the main theoretical approaches to teacher professionalism, highlighting its cognitive and socioaffective dimensions. The cognitive dimension refers to the acquisition of content knowledge based on curriculum programs and the socio-affective dimension refers to the identification of socio-affective aspects that interfere in student relationships and learning. Based on this differentiation, we analyse the daily work developed by teachers in the classroom, emphasizing the interdisciplinary character of each function as complementary aspects of teaching practices, the complexities of teaching and new challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic.

7.
International Journal of Morphology ; 40(1):79-83, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1771326

ABSTRACT

Since the first Brazilian Veterinary Medicine course in 1910, many curricular changes have taken place. The pedagogical project have been centered on the student as a subject of learning and supported by the professors as a critical mediator of this process and the pandemic of COVID-19 accelerated this change. Many professors have taught video lessons to ensure continuity of teaching, research and extension, even at a distance. This paper, therefore, aims at reporting the development of animal anatomy didactic contents applied on online platforms in Portuguese language. To this, eight researches were developed addressing the teaching-learning of Morphological Sciences contents to be incorporated into distance education platforms that focused canine and feline anatomy, the study of neuroanatomy in the ovine, bovine, equine and primate species and the surgical anatomy of the locomotor apparatus of the equine specie. Thus, virtual teaching-learning platform can help, as a complementary tool to face-to-face classes, in obtaining the skills, abilities and attitudes required for the training of veterinary students in Brazil.

8.
Revista de Enfermagem Referencia ; 2021(8), 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1753975

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic crisis has brought about changes in the lives of higher education students that may influence their psychological well-being. Objective: To analyze the association between nursing students’ coping strategies and their psychological well-being during the COVID-19 quarantine. Methodology: Cross-sectional, descriptive-correlational study using a convenience sample of 136 students. Data were collected online using the Portuguese version of the Échelle de Mesure des Mani-festations du Bien-être Psychologique and the Brief COPE. Results: Students in the last years of their undergraduate studies used the instrumental support (p = 0.015) and emotional support (p = 0.009) coping strategies more often and had higher levels of psychological well-being (p = 0.012). Psychological well-being is associated with household income changes (p = 0.024), as well as with religion (r = 0.36;p ≤ 0.01), positive reframing (r = 0.47;p ≤ 0.01), and humor (r = 0.37;p ≤ 0.01) coping strategies. Conclusion: Students’ coping strategies seem to be associated with their psychological well-being during the COVID-19 quarantine. © 2021, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra. All rights reserved.

9.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S289-S290, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746619

ABSTRACT

Background. Peru has one of the highest per capita SARS-CoV-2 death rates in Latin America. Healthcare workers (HCW) are a critical workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic but are themselves often at increased risk of infection. We evaluated SARS-CoV-2 attack rate and risk factors among frontline HCWs. Methods. We performed a prospective cohort study of HCW serving two acute care hospitals in Lima, Peru from Aug 2020 to Mar 2021. Participants had baseline SARS-CoV-2 serology using the CDC ELISA, active symptom monitoring, and weekly respiratory specimen collection with COVID-19 exposure/risk assessment for 16-weeks regardless of symptoms. Respiratory specimens were tested by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (rRT-PCR). Results. Of 783 eligible, 667 (85%) HCW were enrolled (33% nurse assistants, 29% non-clinical staff, 26% nurses, 7% physicians, and 6% other). At baseline and prior to COVID-19 vaccine introduction, 214 (32.1%;214/667) were reactive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. In total, 72 (10.8%;72/667) HCWs were found to be rRTPCR positive during weekly follow-up. Of the rRT-PCR positive HCWs, 37.5% (27/72) did not report symptoms within 1-week of specimen collection. During follow up, HCW without detectable SARS-CoV-2 antibodies at baseline were significantly more likely to be rRT-PCR positive (65/453, 14.3%) compared to those with SARS-CoV-2 antibodies at baseline (4/214, 1.9%) (p-value: < 0.001). Three HCW were both serologically reactive and rRT-PCR positive at baseline. Looking only at HCW without SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, nurse assistants (rRT-PCR positive: 18.6%;27/141) and non-clinical healthcare workers (16.5%;21/127) were at greater risk of infection compared to nurses (8.5%;10/118), physicians (7.9%;3/38), and other staff (10.3%;4/29) (RR 1.95;95%CI 1.2,3.3;p-value: 0.01). Conclusion. Baseline SARS-CoV-2 prevalence and 16-week cumulative incidence were substantial in this pre-vaccination Peruvian HCW cohort. Almost 40% of new infections occurred in HCW without complaint of symptoms illustrating a limitation of symptom-based HCW screening for COVID-19 prevention. Nurse assistants and non-clinical healthcare workers were at greater risk of infection indicating a role for focused infection prevention and risk reduction strategies for some groups of HCW.

10.
Etd Educacao Tematica Digital ; 24:91-112, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1744487

ABSTRACT

This article aims to analyze the educational conditions of teachers from municipal public schools in the Region of the Inconfidentes - MG, in view of digital inclusion in the pandemic period. For this purpose, it made analytical efforts based on thematic discussion sessions with basic education teachers, municipal managers and union leaders, belonging to the municipal education network in the region. The results found point to: 1) the absence of teacher training and technological apparatus for the use of remote education;2) the importance of its own municipal education network, oriented and articulated from the interaction, collaboration and representation of those involved;3) the need for greater critical-analytical understanding of the proposals for digital inclusion, linked to overcoming poverty and social inequalities;4) the absance of autonomy of the municipalities, revealed by the lack of their own education networks and significant dependence on the State.

11.
Revista Cient..fica Multidisciplinar RECIMA21 ; 3(2), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1744313

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the national scientific production on the effects of the pandemic by coronavirus and its reflex on health professionals, with emphasis on Burnout Syndrome and its main tripod: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduction of personal achievement.

12.
10th International Conference on Digital and Interactive Arts: Hybrid Praxis - Art, Sustainability and Technology, ARTECH 2021 ; 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1736125

ABSTRACT

This article is a reflection on the remote teaching of photography and the use of mobile media, such as cell phones, in digital processes of artistic expression. To do so, it follows two paths: the first based on observation of photography teaching methods in a higher education institution;and the second from the appreciation of the photo essay “Elevé Acaraú”, produced by one of the students. Both paths – teaching and artistic expression – took place in the city of Parintins, a river island located in the interior of the Brazilian state of Amazonas, amidst the pandemic of the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the historical flooding record of Rio Amazonas, which reached the mark of 9.38 meters above its level. The photo essay expresses in its visual language the tension between art, everyday life, pandemic and flood in an immediate Amazon scenario. © 2021 Association for Computing Machinery.

13.
4th International Conference of the Portuguese Society for Engineering Education, CISPEE 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1735792

ABSTRACT

The way Higher Education Institutions replied to the COVID-19 pandemic by moving their activities to digital platforms accelerated the large-scale implementation of remote learning methods, using alternative forms of teaching and academic assessment. Técnico reacted promptly and in the 2nd semester of 2019/2020 adopted emergency distance learning, providing students and teachers with the necessary tools to continue their teaching and learning activities. This new reality led to the implementation of new measures to monitor teaching and learning at Técnico, along with the existing integrated system for quality assurance of course units. The monitoring process continued into the 1st semester of 2020/2021 as well as the teaching adaptations arising from the pandemic situation. Fortunately, the flexibility, adaptability and resilience of all the community, teachers and students, allowed to carry out successfully both semesters marked by a big change. The surveys discussed here show that the perception of the students is that remote teaching enhanced the pedagogical performance of the teachers and improved the organization of the courses. On the other hand, students signaled the effects of lacking communication to the teachers and also between the students themselves. © 2021 IEEE.

14.
Humanidades & Inovacao ; 8(55):116-131, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1716930

ABSTRACT

A reflection on Youth and Adult Education is presented, based on the recent isolation scenario caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Based on the perceptions and positions of teachers working in public education in the Administrative Region of the Structural City, in the Federal District (DF), the objective was to reflect on the challenges and limitations imposed on the modality, as well as the possibilities of overcoming it. It is an exploratory research, based on bibliographic and documentary studies, and on the results expressed in an online questionnaire, applied to teachers. The work had as source: the related legislation, authors specialized in Youth and Adult Education and official data. The modality is considered to represent a State responsibility to its citizens. However, it appears that the obstacles imposed are even greater for the public of Youth and Adult Education, given the unfavorable social condition of the investigated context and the difficulties in accessing technological resources. Despite the uncertainties, there is hope of overcoming the difficulties and opening up for the implementation of viable alternatives.

15.
Dialogia ; - (39):18, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1716030

ABSTRACT

Based on narratives this article aims to analyze experiences of a competent teacher during the pandemic period took the job as a daycare Pedagogical Coordinator. First of all she words with young children in a public daycare facility center at west of Sao Paulo city. After that she also worked as a manager in another daycare facility center focused on babies in the same city. We have used the following theorical sources: Clandinin e Connely (2000);Cochran-Smith e Lytle (2015);Dalberg, Moss e Pence (2019) e Oliveira-Formosinho (2009). Through narratives we have figured out that the experiences of this teacher in early childhood education substantially influenced her actions as an entry level manager position. Despite conditions of the daycare building keeping doors closed due to COVID-19 pandemic, it was clear that the presence of a teacher in the classroom has never been more necessary.

18.
European Respiratory Journal ; 58:2, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1701048
19.
Urdimento-Revista De Estudos Em Artes Cenicas ; 3(42):15, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1698777

ABSTRACT

In this interview, the actor Antonio Petrin (1938) comments his participation in the cast of the first staging of the play Ponto de Partida (1976), an important Brazilian musical, written by Gianfrancesco Guarnieri (1934-2006) and directed by Fernando Peixoto (1937-2012). It is a play that sought to allude to the death of journalist Vladimir Herzog (1937-1975), tortured and murdered by the State during the military dictatorship in Brazil (1964-1985). In May 2021, given the health crisis caused by the new coronavirus (COVID-19), the interview was conducted through a video call.

20.
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases ; 26, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1693886

ABSTRACT

Introdução/Objetivo: As enterobactérias resistentes a carbapenêmicos têm sido importantes causas de infecções relacionadas a assistência à saúde, com significante taxas de mortalidade. O uso das Polimixinas ainda é um recurso amplamente utilizado como alternativa terapêutica para este tipo de infecção. Ao longo da pandemia de Covid-19, notou-se expansão de casos de infecções por bactérias multidrogarresistentes (MDR) e por vezes situações de desabastecimento de antibióticos como as Polimixinas. Para determinar o mecanismo de resistência a carbapenêmicos, análises mais precisas baseados em testes genéticos são dispendiosas e pouco acessíveis;por esta razão o teste de detecção fenotípica é estratégia mais viável, auxiliando na escolha entre as opções farmacológicas disponíveis. Este trabalho tem como objetivo comparar os resultados de testes fenotípicos versus testes genotípicos sobre a resistência a carbapenêmicos em enterobactérias resistentes a polimixinas entre janeiro e junho de 2021 em um hospital filantrópico em Salvador-BA. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo e retrospectivo, realizado através de coleta de dados em prontuário eletrônico, busca dos testes realizados pelo LACEN-Ba e compilação em planilha da Microsoft Excel®. Resultados: Entre janeiro a junho de 2021 foram detectadas 14 enterobactérias resistentes a Polimixina B, das quais a instituição realiza análise de testes fenotípicos (e-CIM e m-CIM) capazes de identificar possíveis mecanismos de resistência aos carbapenêmicos como serinos e metallobetalactamases. Ainda como rotina institucional, essas amostras são enviadas ao LACEN-BA para análise genética. Em comparação entre os testes genéticos e fenotípicos tem-se que das 14 amostras, 8 foram serinos, 3 foram metallobetalactamases e 3 não foram analisadas. Dentre as serinos, tem-se que 63% corresponderam a um mecanismo de resistência divergente no teste genético (NDM) e apenas 38% foram identificadas como KPC. Dentre as metallobetalactamases, 100% corresponderam ao mecanismo de resistência NDM. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que apesar da amostra ter sido realizada em um número pequeno, a resistência a Polimixina B não fazia parte do perfil microbiológico da instituição. Apesar do teste fenotípico adotado ser mais acessível e de rápido resultado, apresentou divergência após a análise genética, não podendo ser utilizado isoladamente para definir conduta.

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