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1.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(3): e0079122, 2022 Jun 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1840554

ABSTRACT

Immunocompromised hosts with prolonged severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections have been implicated in the emergence of highly mutated SARS-CoV-2 variants. Spike mutations are of particular concern because the spike protein is a key target for vaccines and therapeutics for SARS-CoV-2. Here, we report the emergence of spike mutations in two immunocompromised patients with persistent SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription (RT)-PCR positivity (>90 days). Whole-genome sequence analysis of samples obtained before and after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment demonstrated the development of partial therapeutic escape mutations and increased intrahost SARS-CoV-2 genome diversity over time. This case series thus adds to the accumulating evidence that immunocompromised hosts with persistent infections are important sources of SARS-CoV-2 genome diversity and, in particular, clinically important spike protein diversity. IMPORTANCE The emergence of clinically important mutations described in this report highlights the need for sustained vigilance and containment measures when managing immunocompromised patients with persistent COVID-19. Even as jurisdictions across the globe start lifting pandemic control measures, immunocompromised patients with persistent COVID-19 constitute a unique group that requires close genomic monitoring and enhanced infection control measures, to ensure early detection and containment of mutations and variants of therapeutic and public health importance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , COVID-19/virology , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Mutation , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/genetics
2.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; : 1-5, 2022 Apr 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1815396

ABSTRACT

Sporadic clusters of healthcare-associated coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) occurred despite intense rostered routine surveillance and a highly vaccinated healthcare worker (HCW) population, during a community surge of the severe acute respiratory coronavirus virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) B.1.617.2 δ (delta) variant. Genomic analysis facilitated timely cluster detection and uncovered additional linkages via HCWs moving between clinical areas and among HCWs sharing a common lunch area, enabling early intervention.

3.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(1): e0222321, 2022 02 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1622006

ABSTRACT

Rapid onsite whole-genome sequencing of two suspected severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) N gene diagnostic escape samples revealed a previously unreported N gene point mutation at genome position 29195. Because the G29195T mutation occurs within a region probed by a commonly referenced U.S. CDC N gene reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assay, we hypothesize that the G29195T mutation rendered the N gene target of a proprietary commercial assay undetectable. The putative diagnostic escape G29195T mutation demonstrates the need for nearly real-time surveillance, as emergence of a novel SARS-CoV-2 variant with the potential to escape diagnostic tests continues to be a threat. IMPORTANCE Accurate diagnostic detection of SARS-CoV-2 currently depends on the large-scale deployment of RT-PCR assays. SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR assays target predetermined regions in the viral genomes by complementary binding of primers and probes to nucleic acid sequences in the clinical samples. Potential diagnostic escapes, such as those of clinical samples harboring the G29195T mutation, may result in false-negative SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR results. The rapid detection and sharing of potential diagnostic escapes are essential for diagnostic laboratories and manufacturers around the world, to optimize their assays as SARS-CoV-2 continues to evolve.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/diagnosis , Point Mutation , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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