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1.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 770463, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1979032

ABSTRACT

Plasma concentrations of extracellular vesicles (EVs) originating from cells involved in COVID-19-associated coagulopathy (CAC), their longitudinal trend and association with clinical outcomes were evaluated. Blood samples of consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted to a medical Unit were longitudinally collected within 48 h of admission, at discharge and 30 days post-discharge. EVs were analyzed using high sensitivity flow cytometry and phospholipid-dependent clotting time (PPL). The following EVs were measured: endothelium-, platelet-, leukocyte-derived, bearing tissue factor (TF)+, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE2)+, platelet-derived growth factor receptor-ß (PDGF-ß)+ and SARS-CoV-2-nucleoprotein (NP)+. 91 patients were recruited for baseline EV analysis (mean age 67 ± 14 years, 50.5% male) and 48 underwent the longitudinal evaluation. From baseline to 30-days post-discharge, we observed significantly decreased plasma concentrations of endothelium-derived EVs (E-Selectin+), endothelium-derived bearing TF (E-Selectin+ TF+), endothelium-derived bearing ACE2 (E-Selectin+ACE2+) and leukocyte-EVs bearing TF (CD45+TF+), p < 0.001, p = 0.03, p = 0.001, p = 0.001, respectively. Conversely, platelet-derived (P-Selectin+) and leukocyte-derived EVs (CD45+) increased from baseline to 30-days post-discharge (p = 0.038 and 0.032, respectively). EVs TF+, ACE2+, PDGF-ß+, and SARS-CoV-2-NP+ did not significantly change during the monitoring. PPL increased from baseline to 30-days post-discharge (+ 6.3 s, p = 0.006). P-Selectin + EVs >1,054/µL were associated with thrombosis (p = 0.024), E-Selectin + EVs ≤531/µL with worsening/death (p 0.026) and 30-days P-Selectin+ and CD45 + EVs with persistent symptoms (p < 0.0001). We confirmed increased EVs originating from cells involved in CAC at admission and discharge. EVs derived from activated pericytes and expressing SARS-CoV-2-NP were also detected. 30-days post-discharge, endothelium-EVs decreased, while platelet- and leukocyte-EVs further increased, indicating that cellular activation persists long after the acute phase.

3.
Mayo Clin Proc Innov Qual Outcomes ; 2021 Apr 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1804780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a comprehensive evaluation of coagulation profiles - via traditional and whole blood thromboelastometry tests - in COVID-19 positive vs. COVID-19 negative patients admitted to medical wards for acute pneumonia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled all consecutive patients admitted to Internal Medicine wards of Padova University Hospital between 7 March and 30 April 2020 for COVID-19-related pneumonia (cases) vs. non-COVID-19 pneumonia (controls). A group of healthy subjects acted as baseline for thromboelastometry parameters. RESULTS: Fifty-six cases (mean age 64±15 yrs, M/F 37/19) and 56 controls (mean age 76±11 yrs, M/F 35/21) were enrolled. Cases and controls showed markedly hypercoagulable thromboelastometry profiles vs. healthy subjects, mainly characterized by a significantly shorter propagation phase of coagulation (Clot Formation Time, CFT) and significantly increased maximum clot firmness (MCF) (p <0.001 in all comparisons). COVID-19 patients with pneumonia had significantly shorter CFT and higher MCF (p <0.01 and <0.05, respectively in all comparisons) vs. controls. CONCLUSION: Patients admitted to internal medicine wards for COVID-19 pneumonia presented a markedly prothrombotic state, which seems peculiar to COVID-19 rather than pneumonia itself.

4.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 61(SI2): SI136-SI142, 2022 06 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1784398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Patients with APS and triple-positive for aPL are at high risk of recurrent events. As COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination may induce thrombotic complications, the objective of the study was to assess the course of COVID-19 and adverse events after vaccination in these patients. METHODS: This is a nationwide multicentre survey conducted in nine APS referral centres by means of a questionnaire. Included patients are thrombotic APS with triple-positive aPL confirmed 12 weeks apart. Reference specialist physicians used a four-graded scale of severity for COVID-19 [from 0 (asymptomatic) to 3 (hospitalization in intensive care unit)] and a six-graded scale for adverse reactions to vaccination [from 0 (transient local injection site sign/symptoms) to 5 (potentially life-threatening reactions)]. Outcomes were considered within a 30-day period. RESULTS: Out of 161 patients interviewed, 18 (11%) had COVID-19. All of them fully recovered without any progression to severe disease nor thromboembolic event. A total of 146 patients received the first (92%) and 129 (80%) the second dose of vaccine; side effects were minimal and, in most cases (83% after the first and 68% after the second vaccination) limited to a sore arm. Fifteen patients (9%) were unvaccinated. Most of them raised doubts on the need for vaccination, complained of poor safety and in general were reluctant about COVID-19 vaccination. CONCLUSION: Patients with triple-positive thrombotic APS did not suffer from severe COVID-19 outcomes. Importantly, COVID-19 vaccination was well tolerated. These data may reassure patients and physicians and contribute to reducing hesitancy in unvaccinated patients.


Subject(s)
Antiphospholipid Syndrome , COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/complications , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Vaccination/adverse effects
5.
Viruses ; 14(4)2022 03 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776353

ABSTRACT

Background: Therapeutic/intermediate-dose heparin reduces the risk of thromboembolic events but increases the risk of major bleeding in patients hospitalized for acute COVID-19 pneumonia. Objectives: To prospectively assess the incidence of objectively proven venous thromboembolism (VTE) and identify predisposing risk factors in a cohort of hospitalized patients with acute COVID-19 pneumonia undergoing prophylactic-dose heparin. Patients and methods: All consecutive patients admitted for acute COVID-19 pneumonia to the General Internal Medicine Unit of Padova University Hospital, Italy between November 2020 and April 2021, and undergoing prophylactic-dose heparin, were enrolled. Demographic and clinical characteristics and laboratory and radiological findings were recorded on admission. Cases were patients who developed VTE during their hospital stay. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to ascertain the risk factors associated with developing in-hospital VTE. Results: 208 patients (median age: 77 years; M/F 98/110) were included; 37 (18%) developed in-hospital VTE during a median follow-up of 10 days (IQR, 4-18). VTE patients were significantly younger (p = 0.004), more obese (p = 0.002), and had a lower Padua prediction score (p < 0.03) and reduced PaO2/FIO2 ratio (p < 0.03) vs. controls. Radiological findings of bilateral pulmonary infiltrates were significantly more frequent in VTE patients than controls (p = 0.003). Multivariable regression showed that obesity (1.75, 95% CI 1.02-3.36; p = 0.04) and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on X-rays (2.39, 95% CI 1.22-5.69; p = 0.04) were correlated with increased risk of in-hospital VTE. Conclusions: Obesity and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on imaging may help clinicians to identify patients admitted to medical wards for acute COVID-19 pneumonia at risk of developing VTE despite prophylactic-dose heparin. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether the administration of therapeutic/intermediate-dose heparin may help prevent VTE episodes without further increasing the bleeding risk.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Venous Thromboembolism , Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/epidemiology , Heparin/adverse effects , Humans , Obesity/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control
6.
Thromb Haemost ; 122(8): 1352-1360, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1730359

ABSTRACT

A large number of daily requests to exclude possible prothrombotic risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines were received. Our aim was to longitudinally evaluate coagulation profiles in a series of healthy subjects who received COVID-19 vaccination and assess hypercoagulability thereafter. Volunteers awaiting a first or second dose of either the ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 vaccine were enrolled. Venous samples were obtained at baseline (before the vaccine) and longitudinally 3 ± 2 days (T1) and 10 ± 2 days after the vaccine (T2). Global coagulation monitoring was assessed via platelet count, whole blood thromboelastometry and impedance aggregometry, plasma thrombin generation, and anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4)/heparin immunoglobulin G antibodies. One hundred and twenty-two subjects were enrolled (61 [50%] ChAdOx1 and 61 BNT162b2). The ChAdOx1 cohort showed a slight but transient increase in thrombin generation (mainly endogenous thrombin potential [ETP] with thrombomodulin and ETP ratio) at T1, which promptly decreased at T2. In addition, the second dose of either vaccine was associated with increased thrombin peak, ETP with thrombomodulin, and ETP ratio. At baseline, 3.2% of the ChAdOx1 cohort and 1.6% BNT162b2 cohort were positive for PF4/heparin antibodies with a stable titer through T1 and T2. No relevant differences were detected in platelet count and aggregation, or thromboelastometry parameters. No thrombotic or hemorrhagic events occurred. We can confirm that no clinically meaningful hypercoagulability occurred after either vaccine, albeit keeping in mind that thrombin generation may increase in the first days after the second dose of either vaccine and after the first dose of the ChAdOx1 vaccine.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Thrombophilia , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Heparin/adverse effects , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Thrombin , Thrombomodulin , Thrombophilia/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/etiology , Vaccination
7.
Adv Med Sci ; 67(1): 39-44, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1562003

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a systemic inflammatory condition associated with coagulopathy which may result in severe thromboembolic complications. Cardiac injury is not uncommon in hospitalized COVID-19 patients and therefore we aimed to investigate whether it stems from an abnormal coagulative state. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study on consecutive patients hospitalized due to COVID-19. Traditional coagulation and whole blood rotational thromboelastometry tests were compared between patients with and without cardiac injury. Cardiac injury was defined by increased levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI). RESULTS: The study population consisted of 104 patients (67% males, median age 65 years), of whom 40 (38%) developed cardiac injury. No clinical differences in the traditional coagulation parameters were observed between patients with and without cardiac injury. Thromboelastometry analysis revealed abnormal maximum clot firmness (MCF) levels in FIBTEM assay in 80 (77%) patients. No significant differences in MCF values (p â€‹= â€‹0.450) and percentage of abnormal MCF (p â€‹= â€‹0.290) were detected between patients with and without cardiac injury. Cardiac injury - not hypercoagulability - was associated with mortality (p â€‹= â€‹0.016). CONCLUSIONS: No differences in traditional coagulation and rotational thromboelastometry parameters were found among hospitalized COVID-19 patients with and without cardiac injury. Other mechanisms besides hypercoagulability may be a main culprit for cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombelastography
8.
Res Pract Thromb Haemost ; 5(5): e12520, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1355899

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been accounted for as a cause of death contributing to cause-specific mortality in global reports. METHODS: We analyzed global PE-related mortality by focusing on the latest year available for each member state in the World Health Organization (WHO) mortality database, which provides age-sex-specific aggregated mortality data transmitted by national authorities for each underlying cause of death. PE-related deaths were defined by International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes for acute PE or nonfatal manifestations of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The 2001 WHO standard population served for standardization. RESULTS: We obtained data from 123 countries covering a total population of 2 602 561 422. Overall, 50 (40.6%) were European, 39 (31.7%) American, 13 (10.6%) Eastern Mediterranean, 13 (10.6%) Western Pacific, 3 (2.4%) Southeast Asian, and 2 (1.6%) African. Of 116 countries classifiable according to population income, 57 (49.1%) were high income, 42 (36.2%) upper-middle income, 14 (12.1%) lower-middle income, and 3 (2.6%) low income. A total of 18 726 382 deaths were recorded, of which 86 930 (0.46%) were attributed to PE. PE-related mortality rate increased with age in most countries. The reporting of PE-related deaths was heterogeneous, with an age-standardized mortality rate ranging from 0 to 24 deaths per 100 000 population-years. Income status only partially explained this heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Reporting of PE-related mortality in official national vital registration was characterized by extreme heterogeneity across countries. These findings mandate enhanced efforts toward systematic and uniform coverage of PE-related mortality and provides a case for full recognition of PE and VTE as a primary cause of death.

9.
Thromb Res ; 205: 24-28, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1284573

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is still unknown whether COVID-19 vaccines induce a prothrombotic state or increase the hypercoagulable condition in subjects with a predisposition to thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the coagulation profile in a series of healthy subjects who received the first dose of the BNT162b2 or the ChAdOx1 vaccines and assessed whether hypercoagulability developed. PATIENTS/METHODS: Volunteers among the staff of the University of Padua or health care professionals in the Padua University Hospital who had received either the ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 vaccine in the previous 10 ± 2 days were eligible. A cohort of unvaccinated volunteers among family members of the University staff acted as control group. Global coagulation monitoring was assessed by whole blood rotational thromboelastometry, whole blood impedance aggregometry and thrombin generation. Platelet count was also obtained. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety subjects were enrolled: 101 (53.2%) received the ChAdOx1 vaccine and 89 (46.8%) the BNT162b2 vaccine. Twenty-eight non-vaccinated subjects acted as controls. Thromboelastometry parameters were all comparable among groups. Thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP)-, ADP- and ASPI-induced platelet aggregation were similar among groups, as well as platelet count. Endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) was comparable among groups. The results were confirmed after controlling for age, gender and hormonal. Considering women taking combined oral contraceptives or thrombophilia carriers, no differences were detected in thromboelastometry or thrombin generation parameters between subjects who received ChAdOx1 vs. BNT162b2 vaccines. CONCLUSIONS: No significant activation of fibrinogen-driven coagulation, plasma thrombin generation or clinically meaningful platelet aggregation after ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 vaccination was observed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Thrombophilia , COVID-19 Vaccines , Female , Humans , Pilot Projects , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombophilia/etiology , Vaccination
11.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 59(7): 1323-1330, 2021 06 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Thrombin generation (TG) with and without thrombomodulin (TM) was evaluated in COVID-19 patients with different disease severity and thromboprophylaxis regimen, in order to understand the prothrombotic profile. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 admitted to Medical Departments (MD) or Intensive Care Units (ICU), and 54 healthy controls. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients were included (mean age 60.4±16.1 years, 68.5% male); 33.7% admitted to ICU. Twenty-four patients (26.9%) were enrolled before thromboprophylaxis administration; 45 patients (50.6%) received standard and 20 (22.5%) intermediate sub-therapeutic dose thromboprophylaxis. Overall, patients with COVID-19 showed a TG profile comparable to that of healthy subjects (i.e. comparable peak height, endogenous thrombin potential [ETP] with and without TM). The only exception was lag time and time to peak, prolonged in COVID-19 patients vs. controls. MD patients showed a similar TG profile to healthy controls, and ICU patients showed significantly decrease ETP (p=0.030) compared to MD. As for thromboprophylaxis, TG profile was significantly increased in COVID-19 patients without thromboprophylaxis vs. controls and vs. those with thromboprophylaxis. In this latter group, ETP inhibition was significantly decreased (p=0.0003) and positively correlated with anti-Xa activity (r=0.49, p=0.0017). However, patients with thromboprophylaxis had similar TG profile vs. controls. Intermediate dose thromboprophylaxis more effectively inhibited TG in severe COVID-19 patients by increasing ETP inhibition via ETP with TM reduction vs. standard dose. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 patients showed increased TG at diagnosis. Standard thromboprophylaxis reduced TG to levels of healthy controls. Intermediate sub-therapeutic thromboprophylaxis more effectively inhibited TG by decreasing ETP with TM.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/blood , Thrombin/analysis , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/complications , Female , Fondaparinux/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombomodulin/analysis , Thrombosis/blood , Thrombosis/etiology
13.
Clin Transl Sci ; 13(6): 1108-1114, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-800628

ABSTRACT

Despite thromboprophylaxis, patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exhibit hypercoagulability and higher venous thromboembolic risk, although its real incidence is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with COVID-19 admitted to both intensive care units (ICUs) and medical wards (MWs). Consecutive patients admitted for COVID-19 to the MW and the ICU at Padua University Hospital, all receiving thromboprophylaxis, underwent systematic ultrasonography of the internal jugular, and the upper and lower limbs veins every 7 days (± 1 day) after the admission; and, if negative, once-weekly until discharge or death. In case of suspected pulmonary embolism, a multidetector computed tomographic angiography was performed. The primary outcome was the proportion of any deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and symptomatic pulmonary embolism in both groups. An extended blood coagulative test was performed as well. From March 4 to April 30, 2020, a total of 85 patients were investigated, 44 (52%) in MWs and 41 (48%) in the ICU. Despite thromboprophylaxis, VTE occurred in 12 patients in the MWs (27.3%) and 31 patients in the ICU (75.6%) with an odds ratio of 9.3 (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.5-24.5; P < 0.001). Multiple-site DVT occurred in 55.6% of patients (95% CI 39.6-70.5). Increased D-dimer levels significantly correlated with VTE (P = 0.001) and death (P = 0.015). Summarizing, patients with COVID-19 admitted to the MW or ICU showed a high frequency of venous thromboembolism, despite standard-dose or high-dose thromboprophylaxis. Whether thrombosis, particularly asymptomatic events, may play a role in the morbidity and mortality of patients with COVID-19 remain to be clarified.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cohort Studies , Critical Care , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
15.
Anesth Analg ; 131(5): 1324-1333, 2020 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-692027

ABSTRACT

Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) frequently experience a coagulopathy associated with a high incidence of thrombotic events leading to poor outcomes. Here, biomarkers of coagulation (such as D-dimer, fibrinogen, platelet count), inflammation (such as interleukin-6), and immunity (such as lymphocyte count) as well as clinical scoring systems (such as sequential organ failure assessment [SOFA], International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis disseminated intravascular coagulation [ISTH DIC], and sepsis-induced coagulopathy [SIC] score) can be helpful in predicting clinical course, need for hospital resources (such as intensive care unit [ICU] beds, intubation and ventilator therapy, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation [ECMO]) and patient's outcome in patients with COVID-19. However, therapeutic options are actually limited to unspecific supportive therapy. Whether viscoelastic testing can provide additional value in predicting clinical course, need for hospital resources and patient's outcome or in guiding anticoagulation in COVID-19-associated coagulopathy is still incompletely understood and currently under investigation (eg, in the rotational thromboelastometry analysis and standard coagulation tests in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 [ROHOCO] study). This article summarizes what we know already about COVID-19-associated coagulopathy and-perhaps even more importantly-characterizes important knowledge gaps.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Inflammation/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Venous Thromboembolism/therapy , Venous Thrombosis/therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Biomarkers/blood , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Evidence-Based Medicine , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Hospital Mortality , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Inflammation/blood , Inflammation/mortality , Inflammation/virology , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Prognosis , Pulmonary Embolism/blood , Pulmonary Embolism/mortality , Pulmonary Embolism/virology , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Venous Thromboembolism/blood , Venous Thromboembolism/mortality , Venous Thromboembolism/virology , Venous Thrombosis/blood , Venous Thrombosis/mortality , Venous Thrombosis/virology
16.
J Thromb Haemost ; 18(10): 2629-2635, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-660341

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is responsible for a worldwide pandemic, with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The increasing evidence of an associated relevant prothrombotic coagulopathy has resulted in an increasing use of antithrombotic doses higher than usual in COVID-19 patients. Information on the benefit/risk ratio of this approach is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of relevant bleeding complications in association with the antithrombotic strategy and its relationship with the amount of drug. METHODS: Consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted between February and April 2020 were included in a retrospective analysis. Major bleedings (MB) and clinically relevant non-major bleeding (CRNMB) were obtained from patient medical records and were adjudicated by an independent committee. RESULTS: Of the 324 patients who were recruited, 240 had been treated with prophylactic doses and 84 with higher doses of anticoagulants. The rate of the composite endpoint of MB or CRNMB was 6.9 per 100-person/months in patients who had been given prophylactic doses, and 26.4 per 100-person/months in those who had been prescribed higher doses (hazard ratio, 3.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.90-7.97). The corresponding rates for overall mortality were 12.2 and 20.1 per 100-person/months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of relevant bleeding events was high in patients treated with (sub)therapeutic doses of anticoagulants. In the latter group, overall mortality did not differ from that of patients treated with standard prophylactic doses and was even higher. Our result does not support a strategy of giving (sub)therapeutic doses of anticoagulants in non-critically ill patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , COVID-19/drug therapy , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , COVID-19/blood , COVID-19/epidemiology , Clinical Decision-Making , Female , Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Safety , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/blood , Thrombosis/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thromboembolism/blood , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology
17.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 50(4): 795-798, 2020 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-648457

ABSTRACT

The typical symptoms of COVID-19 mimic those of the common season flu. In addition, several changes in the coagulation processes have been observed. To date, it's not fully clear how COVID-19 may affect patients with hereditary bleeding disorders. Anticoagulation in patients with haemophilia is still debated, but in this case could be needed. We are reporting a case of an elderly patient with mild haemophilia A hospitalized for Sars-Cov-2. On the 15th day of hospitalization, we observed an increase of all coagulation parameters. An antithrombotic prophylaxis at low dosage was immediately started, then increased at prophylactic dosage. Even if much more data are needed to ascertain the real thrombotic risk of haemophilia A in COVID-19 patients, it's clear that the FVIII and vWF should be strictly monitored in order to promptly establish an adequate treatment and avoid the onset of thromboembolic events, even fatal, causing many deaths in COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation/drug effects , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Enoxaparin/administration & dosage , Fibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Hemophilia A/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Aged , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Enoxaparin/adverse effects , Female , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Hemophilia A/blood , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/blood , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Thrombosis/virology , Treatment Outcome
18.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(6): 998-1000, 2020 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-102182

ABSTRACT

In late December 2019 an outbreak of a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) causing severe pneumonia (COVID-19) was reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. A common finding in most COVID-19 patients is high D-dimer levels which are associated with a worse prognosis. We aimed to evaluate coagulation abnormalities via traditional tests and whole blood thromboelastometry profiles in a group of 22 (mean age 67 ± 8 years, M:F 20:2) consecutive patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Padova University Hospital for acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19. Cases showed significantly higher fibrinogen and D-dimer plasma levels versus healthy controls (p < 0.0001 in both comparisons). Interestingly enough, markedly hypercoagulable thromboelastometry profiles were observed in COVID-19 patients, as reflected by shorter Clot Formation Time (CFT) in INTEM (p = 0.0002) and EXTEM (p = 0.01) and higher Maximum Clot Firmness (MCF) in INTEM, EXTEM and FIBTEM (p < 0.001 in all comparisons). In conclusion, COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory failure present a severe hypercoagulability rather than consumptive coagulopathy. Fibrin formation and polymerization may predispose to thrombosis and correlate with a worse outcome.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Coronavirus Infections/blood , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/blood , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Respiration Disorders/complications , Respiration Disorders/therapy , Thrombophilia/complications , Acute Disease , Aged , Area Under Curve , Betacoronavirus , Blood Coagulation Tests , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Critical Care , Female , Fibrin/analysis , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis , Fibrinogen/analysis , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Prognosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombelastography , Treatment Outcome
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