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1.
Cogent Medicine ; 8, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1617067

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccination against COVID-19 in pediatric age has been a hot topic recently. This study aimed to assess parents' intention to vaccinate their children against COVID-19 and identify which factors may influence this decision. Methods: An observational study was conducted between June and July 2021 by applying an anonymous questionnaire to a sample of caregivers of children and adolescents followed in ambulatory care in a Portuguese central hospital. We included sociodemographic data, immunization history, personal background, exposure to COVID-19 and caregivers' beliefs. At the time of the study, there was still no official recommendation from health authorities regarding vaccination in pediatric age. Results: A total of 78 questionnaires were conducted. The mean age of the children was 9.2 years (±5.9), 56.4% were male, 94.8% had an updated immunization history, and 65.8% had extra vaccines. Of these children, 22.1% had comorbidities. Among the caregivers, 83.3% were mothers, the mean age was 39.4 years (±9.4), and 26.9% had attended university. The vaccine was considered safe by 61.5%, and 34.6% answered they did not know whether to consider it safe or not. Information about the vaccine was obtained through television in 84.6%, social networks in 42.3% and 34.6% in the information given by health professionals. Regarding the intention to vaccinate their children, 76.9% answered "yes", 7.7% did not answer and 15.4% answered "no". The vaccine's ineffectiveness (n=5) and inappropriate age (n=3) were the most cited reasons not to vaccinate. In 82.9%, the number of doses of the vaccine would not influence the decision. Conclusions: The study results show that caregivers have considerable resistance to the vaccination of children and adolescents against COVID-19, mainly based on the belief in the vaccine's ineffectiveness. The majority obtained information about the vaccine in the media, which reinforces the importance and the opportunity for intervention by transmitting credible and perceptible information in these media.

2.
Health Psychology Research ; 9(1):11, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1579117

ABSTRACT

Few studies have explored the impacts of COVID-19 and lockdown on the mental health of undergraduate nursing students. This study aimed: a) to explore perceived stress among undergraduate nursing students in Portugal and Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak;and b) to analyze several COVID-19 related factors and psychological issues that may be associated with perceived stress. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of Portuguese and Spanish undergraduate nursing students (n=1075). The data gathered included demographic information, questions about COVID-19 related factors, and psychological issues. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression with a degree of significance at p<0.05. High perceived stress scores were found in 558 participants (51.9%). Students with high perceived stress most likely had a COVID-19 diagnosis in their household;their household income had been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic;experienced difficulty falling asleep or sleeping all night;consumed junk food in excess;neglected their appearance;felt headaches, stomach aches, and back pain;and lacked the patience or desire to exercise. Additionally, high perceived stress was negatively associated with life satisfaction. The results provide evidence that infectious diseases, such as COVID-19, may significantly influence mental health. Further research should explore the long-term psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic among nursing students.

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