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Journal of Asian and African Studies ; : 00219096221079310, 2022.
Article in English | Sage | ID: covidwho-1701011


In recent years, India has established itself as the world?s ?pharmacy hub?, and this claim was proven once again when it delivered COVID-19 vaccines to its citizens, neighbouring nations and across the globe. Following the philosophy of humanitarianism through the principle of ?Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam?, India has decided to provide the COVID-19 health assistance to its immediate neighbouring countries. India?s immediate neighbourhood refers to the countries that are geographically adjacent to it. In addition, India?s vaccine diplomacy has exposed geopolitical fault lines in South Asia as China?s vaccine diplomacy aims to outpace India in the region. Against this background, the main objective of this paper is to explain and examine India?s vaccine diplomacy as an instrument of its ?Neighbourhood First? policy during the COVID-19 pandemic. It argues that India?s health-focused approach has proved effective and aligned with its national interests. This review demonstrates that India?s health diplomacy has had an impact on medical and humanitarian assistance reciprocation at the regional and international levels. As a result of this strategy, during the second wave of the pandemic, India received medical devices and vaccines from other countries in dealing with COVID-19.