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1.
2nd IEEE Mysore Sub Section International Conference, MysuruCon 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2192030

ABSTRACT

One of the best measures to enforce in epidemiological scenarios, such as the present COVID-19 epidemic, is the usage of masks. For a while, this will be a regular part of life, notably in public places. In order to deal with these unusual circumstances where people who wear mask are being watched, there is a need for an effective face identification technology. In order to precisely identify people wearing masks, we provide a deep learning algorithm based on YOLO architecture in this study. Unlike traditional CNNs, the proposed system uses a convergence layer to record numerous facial emotions while also using a number of convolutional filters to construct the faces for masked images. The presented design has numerous layers, including convolutional, max pooling, dropout, and softmax, and is both straightforward and effective. On the publicly accessible Real-World Masked Face Dataset, we assess the effectiveness of masked-faces detection (RWMFD). The investigational outcomes demonstrate an accurateness of 99.9%, demonstrating the effectiveness of our proposed methodology in classifying individuals wanting to wear facemasks. © 2022 IEEE.

2.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 9(Supplement 2):S770, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2189958

ABSTRACT

Background. In the United States, booster vaccines for persons 18 years and older were approved under Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) in September 2021. Waning immunity following SARS-CoV-2 primary vaccination series led to recommendations for booster vaccination. Emerging data suggest that providing boosters different from the primary series (heterologous vaccination) may provide a broader immune response than boosting with the same vaccine (homologous vaccination). CDC recommended the Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 30-mug mRNA booster vaccine to clinical trial participants >6 months post study vaccines if not planned for boosting within the study. Methods. We conducted an observational study of persons who received 2 doses of Novavax protein-based NVX-CoV2373 vaccine 21 days apart, in a Phase 3 clinical trial, and subsequently received a Pfizer BNT162b2 booster vaccine under EUA. Serologic assays, including the Roche anti-nucleocapsid (N) IgG and anti-Spike (S) IgG, were performed on blood collected pre-booster (D0) and on days 18 (D18) and 34 (D34) post-booster vaccine. The anti-S IgG geometric means (GMTs) were calculated over study time points. Wilcoxon signed rank test was performed to compare anti-S IgG response between D0 and D18 and D0 and D34. Results. Of 26 participants enrolled, 16 (57%) were women;the median age was 47 years (range 29-67). Roche anti-N antibodies were negative at all visits. Time from second NVX-CoV2373 vaccine to Pfizer BNT162b2 booster was a median of 10.4 months in 54% of participants and 7 months in 46% of participants. Anti-S IgG GMTs were 222 BAU/ml D0, 24,723 BAU/ml D18, and 24,584 BAU/ml D34 (p< 0.0001 for comparisons of D0 with D18 & D34). Overall, participants tolerated the booster vaccine without significant adverse events. Cell mediated immunity and D614G pseudovirus neutralizing antibody assays are in progress. Figure 1. Anti-S IgG titers pre and post-booster vaccine 16 participants included with all 3-time study time points for comparison. Conclusion. Two doses of NVX-CoV2373 vaccine followed by the Pfizer BNT162b2 booster vaccine resulted in ~100-fold increase in anti-S IgG against SARS-CoV-2. No participant had evidence of prior SARS-CoV-2 infection by anti-N IgG. Two doses of NVX-CoV2373 vaccine followed by one dose of Pfizer BNT162b2 vaccine is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for boosting anti-S IgG against SARS-CoV-2.

3.
Journal of Medical Virology ; 10:10, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2173238

ABSTRACT

The apprehension of needles related to injection site pain, risk of transmitting the blood borne pathogens and effective mass immunization have led to the development of needle free injection system (NFIS). Here, we evaluated the efficacy of the NFIS and needle injection system (NIS) for the delivery and immunogenicity of DNA vaccine candidate ZyCOV-D in Rhesus macaques against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Briefly, twenty rhesus macaques were divided into five groups (4 animals each) i.e., I (1 mg dose by NIS), II (2mg dose by NIS), III [1mg dose by NFIS], IV (2mg dose by NFIS) and V (phosphate-buffer saline). The macaques were immunized with the vaccine candidates/PBS intradermally on day 0, 28 and 56. Subsequently, the animals were challenged with live SARS-CoV-2 after 15 weeks of the first immunization. Blood, nasal swab, throat swab, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid specimens were collected on 0, 1, 3, 5 and 7 days post infection from each animal to determine immune response and viral clearance. Amongst all the five groups, 2mg dose by NFIS elicited significant titers of IgG and neutralizing antibody after immunization with enhancement in their titers post virus challenge. Besides this, it also induced increased lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine response. The minimal viral load post-SARS-CoV-2 challenge and significant immune response in the immunized animals demonstrated efficiency of NFIS in delivering 2mg ZyCOV-D vaccine candidate. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 10(1):1219-1228, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2169466

ABSTRACT

Aim: The devastating consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak have forced security personnel to alter their methods and behaviors. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, functioning and future implications of COVID-19 on the lives of security guards. Methodology: A cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among the 296 security guards of Bhubaneswar city. A 18-item, closed-ended, self-structured questionnaire was designed to gather data. The questionnaire was designed on a 2 point likert scale. Data were analysed using IBM's SPSS version 26.0 for the Social Sciences. The frequency and percentages were used to describe categorical values. Chi-Square test and ANOVA were employed. The level of significance was fixed at 0.05. Result(s): The majority of participants were between the ages of 31 and 40 (n=132, 44.6%) and that between 13,000 and 15,000 was the average monthly income for the security guards. All the participants were aware about the COVID-19 pandemic and its affect on human body. Sixty three personnel had been detected positive for COVID-19 and none of them used any preventive measures. About 97% of the guards agreed that the pandemic had an influence on their work. Only 3% of the guards had taken on other jobs as a secondary source of income. Conclusion(s): Security guards are an essential group of front-line healthcare providers offering additional services in the management of COVID-19.COVID-19 had a great impact on the economic lives of the security guards. Copyright © 2023 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

5.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(7):5828-5834, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2167751

ABSTRACT

Aims & Objectives: COVID-19 clinical waste management has become a concern with increasing number of medical practitioners in India. Being health care professionals, one should be aware regarding safe disposal of biomedical waste and recycling of the materials to minimize biohazards to the environment. The aim of the present study was to assess awareness regarding biomedical waste management among medical practitioners. Material(s) and Method(s): This cross-sectional study was conducted among medial practitioners belonging from all medical colleges and private practitioners in Khorda district, Odisha (India) from February 2022 to April 2022. A total of 100 doctors (58 males and 42 females) participated in the study, which was conducted in two phases. A form was distributed to assess the attention of COVID-19 clinical waste management and information of effective utilisation of materials, and picked up knowledge was examined on a 5-point unipolar scale in percentages to assess the relative awareness relating to these 2 totally different categorizes. The applied math Package for Social Sciences was accustomed analyzed collected data. Result(s): Twenty-four percent of the medical practitioners were not at all aware about the management of COVID-19 clinical waste, 29% were moderately aware, 37% slightly aware, 7% very aware, and 3% fall in extremely aware category. A higher percentage of participants were completely unaware regarding recycling and reusing of COVID-19 clinical waste. Conclusion(s): There is a lack of sufficient knowledge among medical practitioners regarding management of COVID-19 clinical waste and recycling of materials. Considering its impact on the environment, COVID-19 clinical waste management requires immediate academic assessment to increase awareness during training courses. Copyright © 2022 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:3547-3551, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206770

ABSTRACT

Secondary infections are known complication of viral respiratory infections, often leads to deterioration of the patient. Secondary infections are commonly seen in severe respiratory viral infections.Critically ill novel coronavirus diseased 19 (COVID-19) patients need hospitalization which increases their risk of acquiring secondaryinfections. The practice of empiric antibiotics due to limited diagnostic capabilities of many hospitals has the potential to escalate an already worrisome antimicrobial resistance (AMR) situation. This study is undertaken to find out most effective antibiotic for empirical treatment. We aimed to define the impact of secondary microbial infections on the clinical course inCOVID-19 patients. A retrospective study was carried out for a period of one year at RMCH& RC, Kanpur, and U.P. India. The patients admitted in intensive care units (ICUs) and wards of the hospitals were undertaken. In our study a total of 262SARS CoV-2 positive patient's pulmonary culture were assessed. Out of 262 cases,53 (20.2%) were culture positive.Prevalence of bacterial culture positive was 46(86.8%) and fungal positive culture was 7 (13.2%). The most common bacterial isolate was Klebsiella pneumoniae 18 (39.1%)followed by Acinetobacter baumannii 12(26.1%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (17.4%), Escherichia coli 6(13.0%), andStaphylococcusaureus2(4.4%).The overall mortality was high among culture positive patients.The antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in K. pneumoniaeshowed highest resistanceagainst commonly used cephalosporins. Predominance of Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in COVID-19 patients coupled with high rates of resistance to higher generation antimicrobials is an alarming finding. A high rate of mortality in patients with secondary infections warns to improve the infection control practices andantimicrobial stewardship interventions, not only to save patient lives but also prevent drug-resistant, to which the current situation is very conducive. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.

8.
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine ; 44(2):29-34, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2202990

ABSTRACT

Poisoning is one of the major medico legal problem for physicians. Present study is conducted to know the profile of poisoning cases. A four year (January 2017 to January 2021) retrospective study of acute poisoning cases is conducted from the patient's record to know the trends of poisoning. 60% cases were from males. The peak age group was 21 to 30 years. Rural residence has dominated. Most of victims consumed poison in their home, which came to hospital after one hour of consumption. Poisoning cases decreases in year 2019 and suddenly jump in year 2020 due to Covid pandemic. Most of cases occur on Tuesday in summers in the month of June. OPC (50.7%) is the common poisonous agent followed by Aluminum phosphide (34.7%). The least common poisons are corrosives and kerosene. Aluminum phosphide more frequently used in suicidal attempts. © 2022,Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine. All Rights Reserved.

9.
Indian Journal of Pharmacology ; 54(5):364-372, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2201806

ABSTRACT

Traditional drug development is a tedious process with involvement of enormous cost and a high attrition rate. Outsourcing drug development services to contract research organizations (CROs) has become an important strategy for cost and risk reduction, capacity building, and data generation. The therapeutic and operational expertise of these CROs has allowed pharmaceutical industry to reduce in-house infrastructure as well as research capacity. Working with specialized CROs has not only increased the rate of success but also the speed of drug discovery process. Small firms with promising molecules but limited resources and large firms interested in diversifying their dimensions are utilizing the services of efficient CROs. Globally, approximately one-third of the drug development processes are now being outsourced and the data generated by the independent third party are well appreciated during regulatory submissions. In this article, we discuss the international and national trends, outsourcing services and models, key considerations while selecting CRO, and benefits and challenges of outsourcing. Further, we discuss how the technical expertise of competent CROs was utilized when traditional ways of conducting clinical trials were disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Taken together, the increasing health-care demands, COVID-19 pandemic or any other such upcoming health crisis, and recent advances in advanced technologies (machine learning and artificial intelligence, etc.) are likely to fuel global CRO market in the coming years.

10.
Medical Journal of Malaysia ; 77(Supplement 4):82, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2147642

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Acquiring communication and social skills takes place during early years of any individual's life. Being a child born or, living the early years of life during the COVID-19 outbreak would mean that your social skills might be affected. Concerns about the impact on children's social skills were raised when schools began closing due to the implementation of movement control order (MCO). Material(s) and Method(s): We did a cross-sectional study through a survey over a period of 3 weeks in January 2021. A set of pre-designed and validated questionnaires with 3 components, which identified parents' social interaction with children, children's social skills in interaction with others and children's social skills during MCO were applied. The questionnaires were distributed online through social media applications to targeted populations, who were parents with children aged 7-12 years old in Selangor. The final sample size was 157. Result(s) and Conclusion(s): Overall, 49.68% of the children showed good social interaction skills during school closure (online classes). Moreover, 52.87% of parents had average/poor level of interaction with their children. Children's social interaction skills during school closure were significantly associated with the gender of the child (P value 0.03). Last but not least, Children's social interaction skills during school closure were significantly associated with the level of parents' social interaction with children (P value 0.001). COVID-19 outbreak adversely affected many aspects of our lives. One important aspect affected was the social interaction skills of the school age children because of the communication restrictions. However, Parents can play a major role in improving the social interaction of their children. We do recommend parents to get enrolled in social skills classes or workshops to overcome similar social problems in the future.

11.
Medical Journal of Malaysia ; 77(Supplement 4):50, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2147412

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In the earlier days of COVID-19 pandemic, the cases grew rapidly in an increasing number of countries, triggering bold policy responses. The impact of different containment strategies had yet to show any relationship with the cases. It became a question that would strict restriction in any way impact the spread of infection significantly and should it be a common practice among everywhere else in the world. Therefore, policy makers wondered if strict restrictions would impact the spread significantly and should this be practiced elsewhere in the world. Material(s) and Method(s): This rapid review assessed the effectiveness of different containment strategies used in suppressing COVID-19 infection in different countries from January 2020 to November 2020. Searches were done in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, WHO database, ResearchGate. We identified 492 studies and screened for duplication. Using the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 studies were included. Result(s) and Conclusion(s): Different countries instituted containment strategies in different ways, such as Movement Control Order in Malaysia, Circuit Breaker in Singapore, COVID-19 Alert System Levels in New Zealand, etc. Most containment strategies had different success levels that depended on the time of implementation and whether the community accepted these new lifestyles and regulation. Sweden and New Zealand showed a high degree of success in combating COVID-19 despite their big population and less personal invasive methods in terms of containment strategies. Countries like United States, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and South Korean's responses to COVID-19 could be hard to replicate. However, all countries needed to improve on three main competencies, namely, technology enforcement, strong public health governance and public partnership. A nationwide lockdown could not promise a country to be free from the outbreak, but the response time and early detection with active surveillance was critical in slowing the spread and growth of new cases in managing this pandemic.

12.
Results in Nonlinear Analysis ; 5(3):337-346, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2146884

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 is a highly infectious disease caused by novel Corona virus SARS-CoV-2, affecting the whole world. In this paper, we introduce and apply two iterative methods, RMsDTM and R2KM, to obtain approximate values of Covid-19 cases in Morocco. We also compare the approximations of both methods and see that the solution of RMsDTM is more accurate. © 2022, Erdal Karapinar. All rights reserved.

13.
Alternative (Im)Mobilities ; : 22-35, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2144506

ABSTRACT

This chapter discusses the bicycle boom in Buenos Aires during the pandemic to analyse new cycling practices as alternative mobility. In the last 2 years, there has been a significant increase in the use of bicycles, followed by the growth of infrastructure in the city as an effect of the sanitary policies to face COVID-19. The restriction on public transport pushed the use of various modes of private transport such as cars, bikes, and motorbikes. Based on daily observations of cycle paths, this study highlights transformations of a particular type of daily mobility: moving to school, especially how parents carry their young children on bikes. Transporting kids on bicycle has become more visible and it can be done in a number of ways intersected with skills, social class, gender, among other factors. Here, the word “alternative” means situations such as improvisation, creativity, scarcity, necessity, and urgency showing that people can use bikes in different ways. We argue that cycling emerged as an alternative to public transport that was considered a risky environment for the spread of the disease. Although it is valued as a form of sustainable mobility, actual practices face uneven mobilities, including risks for children. However, they render interesting socio-technological configurations and social relations regarding how we move in relation to objects and passengering. © 2023 selection and editorial matter, Maria Alice de Faria Nogueira;individual chapters, the contributors.

14.
2022 IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Information System, ICDSIS 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2136227

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus 2019 has wreaked havoc on people's lives all across the globe. The number of positive cases is increasing, and the Asian country is now one of the most severely impacted. This article examines machine learning models that are more accurate at predicting covid. Based on the data from China, regression-based, decision tree-based, naive Bayes, and random forest-based models were developed and verified on a sample from India. A data-driven strategy with better precision, such as the one used here, is beneficial for the government and public to respond in a proactive manner. This study reveals that the suggested framework has superior capabilities in detecting COVID-19. © 2022 IEEE.

15.
2022 IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Information System, ICDSIS 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2136226

ABSTRACT

This paper is based on the protection of our health from coronavirus officially known as COVID-19. Real-time detection of a face mask can help to prevent of the coronavirus, detecting the mask with the help of machine learning and data science algorithms such as Streamlit, MoblieNetV2, OpenCV, etc., are widely used in this ideal methodology. This paper is about the method that provides an accuracy of 99.78% in detecting the mask with live video stream. The method proposes building accurate model and integrating the model with a graphical interface which can improve the experience of the user. © 2022 IEEE.

16.
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis Conference ; 6(Supplement 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2128233

ABSTRACT

Background: Post-COVID syndrome (PCS) is an increasingly recognised complication of acute SARS-CoV- 2 infection, characterised by persistent fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance, chest pain, shortness of breath and cognitive slowing. Acute COVID-19 is strongly linked with increased risk of thrombosis;a prothrombotic state. Elevated Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) Antigen (Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio is associated with severity of acute COVID-19 infection. Aim(s): We hypothesised that the pro-thrombotic state is implicated in the pathogenesis of PCS. We investigated specialist coagulation parameters associated with reduced exercise capacity in patients with PCS to identify the utility of these parameters to determine ongoing disease activity. We also investigated if an association exists between elevated VWF(Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio and impaired exercise capacity in patients with PCS. Method(s): Retrospective analysis of VWF(Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio in patients with PCS at a dedicated post-COVID clinic. VWF(Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio was correlated with symptoms including exercise capacity as assessed by 1 minute sit-to- stand (STS) test and/or 6 minute walk test (6MWT). Peripheral oxygen desaturation >=3% for 6MWT and STS test, and increase in lactate>1 from baseline during 6MWT were taken as markers of impaired exercise capacity. Result(s): Elevated VWF(Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio (>=1.5) was found to be four times (OR 4.3) more likely in patients with impaired exercise capacity. 20% (56/276) had impaired exercise capacity, of which 55% (31/56) had a raised VWF(Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio >=1.5 (p < 0.0001). A higher median VWF(Ag):ADAMTS13 ratio of 1.5 (IQR 1.2-1.7) in patients with abnormal exercise testing compared to 1.1 (IQR 0.9-1.4) in patients with normal exercise testing was found (p < 0.0001). FVIII and VWF(Ag) were elevated in 26% and 18% respectively and support a hypercoagulable state in patients with PCS. Conclusion(s): These findings suggest possible ongoing microvascular/ endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of PCS and highlight the potential role for prophylactic anticoagulation in the management of these patients.

17.
2nd International Conference on Recent Advancements in Mechanical Engineering, ICRAME 2021 ; : 179-196, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2094531

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 epidemic has been deemed a pandemic by the World Health Organization. It is triggered due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It originated and spread from Wuhan, China, in December 2019. At present, the entire world is struggling from this virus due to large confirmed positive and death cases of COVID-19. People of every nation have been isolated, and lockdowns are instituted. Despite the introduction of several precautionary measures, the spread of the virus is still increasing at an alarming pace. Although promising development has been made for the development of vaccines for SARS-CoV-2, no vaccines have been reported to cure the infection. Different antiviral therapies have also been attempted but do not seem to be successful for every patient. To deter the dissemination and control the spread of virus, the frontline healthcare staff and police officers deployed numerous autonomous systems for an increased line of protection. Robots are deployed to conduct different operations including decontamination, package delivery, etc. It also acts as a mediator for two-way communication between the doctors and patients. Recent advancement in robotics for its application in healthcare facilities has been found very effective for the healthcare officials to communicate with the virus affected patients, and this literature has addressed it. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

18.
Journal of Mobile Multimedia ; 19(1), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2080998

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a major public health emergency wreaking havoc on public health, happiness, and liberty of travel, as well as the worldwide economy. Scientists from all over the world are working to develop treatments and vaccines;the WHO has given emergency approval to eight vaccines from around the world. However, it is also seen that the efficiency of vaccines is not up to the mark in different age groups. COVID-19 symptoms come in many different shapes and sizes, so it s important to learn about them as soon as possible so that medical attention and management can be easier. Method: The GitHub Data Repository-made COVID-19 patient data is available on the internet, which is used in this investigation. We have used the association rule mining method to look for common patterns in a targeted class or segment and then look at the symptoms based on them. Result: The result is that this study involves individuals with a median age of 52 years old. Few frequent symptoms like respiratory failure (1%), septic shock (1.4%), respiratory distress syndrome (1.8%), diarhoea (1.8%), nausea (2%), sputum (3%), headache (5%), sore throat (8%), pneumonia (8%), weakness (7%), malaise/body pain (11%), cough (37%), fever (67%) and remaining diseases like myocardial infarction, cardiac failure, and renal illness (less than 1%) were present. If a patient had chronic disease, respiratory failure, and pneumonia, there was a higher risk of death;if a patient had a combination of chronic disease, respiratory failure, and pneumonia, respiratory failure in the age range of 45 to 84 years there was a higher risk of death. Patients having chronic conditions like pneumonia or renal disease symptoms that died as a result of the corona virus had more serious indication patterns than those without chronic diseases. © 2023 River Publishers. All rights reserved.

19.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(6):1793-1797, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2073649

ABSTRACT

Background: Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is benign vascular tumour presenting as small, friable, reddish papule or nodule. Bleeding tendency of PGs warrants their removal.Various available treatment options require local anesthesia, cause pain, local side effects, scarring and become undesirable for treating children. Hence, topical beta blocker (timolol 0.5%) becomes a valuable option for treating PG in children. Method(s): We enrolled 3 healthy children aged less than 14 years with clinical diagnosis of PG for the case series. Patients with any cardiopulmonary abnormalities were not enrolled. All the patients were prescribed 0.5% ophthalmic solution, topically twice a day for 6 weeks. Due to the prevailing COVID-19 pandemic, patients were called for follow up visits every three weeks. At the end of 6 weeks, patients were evaluated for the improvement and followed up for one year after treatment to look for any recurrences or any long-term side effects of timolol. Result(s): All three patients enrolled in the study showed partial improvement at 6weeks and complete improvement in two patients after one year. No recurrence or any long-term side effects with timolol were noted in any patient. Conclusion(s): Topical beta blocker (Timolol) is easy to administer, safe and noninvasive. It appears to have a promising role in children with no recurrences or any associated long-term side effects. Copyright © 2022 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

20.
2022 IEEE World Conference on Applied Intelligence and Computing, AIC 2022 ; : 462-466, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2051929

ABSTRACT

To meet the demands for highest level security of today's world, a sophisticated security management system is essential. An access control system generally categorized into biometric and non-biometric types based upon contact or contactless in operation. This research work aims to survey the preferences of people, for understanding the role and need of access control systems during the difficult pandemic situation through an online survey. This survey finds that various access control solutions fail to provide the required security during this worldwide pandemic due to their contact-based operations. Henceforth, a feasible integrated electronic access control system requires to be adopted to fulfill the expectations of users amid global pandemic. © 2022 IEEE.

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