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2.
4th International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Pattern Recognition, CIPR 2022 ; 480 LNNS:292-303, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958949

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has shaken the nation and the concerned environment in all types of business and all sectors as well. However, the growth of the economy and the development of a country depends on the banking industry. The present study has been conducted to find out the impact of Covid-19 on the public sector and private sector banks in Bhubaneswar region. The data was collected from 289 bank employees from both the sectors through survey and analyzed to find the impact of the pandemic. It was seen that banks in both the sectors maintained social distancing, used appropriate sanitization facilities and also made the suitable use of technology as this is the need of the hour. The study also throws light on factors like attention of managers to the work, following government rules, communication of information, taking suggestions from employees as well as flexibility and extra benefits at workplace. This study contributes to the development of the human resources as they play a pivotal role in the working of the banking sector. Some suggestions have been made for implementing such practices in other industries for progress and prosperity of the economy as a whole. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

3.
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research ; 15(7):110-113, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To comprehend the evolution and spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) virus and also to prevent the future spread of the same, sequencing and analyzing the genomic data of SARS CoV-2 are essential. The objective of the present study is to describe the scope of improvement identified by the state of Madhya Pradesh in the data flow chain and the methodology designed to address the identified shortcomings. Methods: The number of sources of sample data collection was altered as well as a series of Google Sheets were formulated as an open-source tool, to implement an efficient sample data-sharing platform. The application of the proposed tool (Google Sheets as a source of data collection and information sharing) was within the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Result: After utilizing this mechanism, the state was able to trace more than 80% VOCs and 3341 primary contacts and was also able to communicate this result to all stakeholders without much delay. Conclusion: Based on successful implementation and results, the authors suggest widening the domain of the proposed tool to other states.

4.
1st International Conference on Technologies for Smart Green Connected Society 2021, ICTSGS 2021 ; 107:17595-17603, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1950328

ABSTRACT

As a matter of fact the English language is considered as the language of global commerce, the role and outcomes of English language provision in English-medium higher education institutions in the Indian fronts and remained central to any discussion on graduate profile and the employability of graduates in the global marketplace. This present study entails its direction toward the learning process of English language after the completion of graduation and post-graduation in the crucial times of COVID-19, where the most of the educational and training institutes were running in online mode. Many of the job aspirants use to learn English from the private English learning centers, who are having different methodologies for teaching the language, but presently this scenario has changed to online mode of training. Using a mixed methods approach, data was gathered through telephone interviews, student workplace simulations and employer focus groups. Findings of the study focus on the increase in employability skills during pandemic period, channeled through English as a second or additional language, becoming confident, gaining knowledgeable, etc. © The Electrochemical Society

5.
IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering ; : 1-10, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1948860

ABSTRACT

Healthcare systems are equipped with the latest technological advancement and remotely diagnose the patients. In critical conditions, the patients need continuous monitoring by health experts, which is almost impossible in many cases—for example- in the recent COVID-19 crisis when the hospitals are full of infected people. The advanced cyber-physical system (CPS) based medical devices supplement this monitoring system. Health specialists can connect with patients remotely and receive updated health reports simultaneously using Internet-enabled CPS devices. Due to the openness of security protocols, transferring information in the CPS module is a challenging task. Securing health data, on the other hand, is critical. Existing data security techniques, such as RSA and DSA, have drawbacks;one of the most prominent drawbacks of all existing data security strategies is a lack of resources. This study proposed a lightweight data security technique for sharing information in real-time to address this problem. The proposed approach is generalized, as it will work with all categories of data and provide security to the critical information of healthcare data. Additionally, the model is tested with the cross-platform dataset of different categories like.txt, .pdf, .doc, .png, etc., and found promising outcomes. IEEE

6.
Educating the Young Child ; 18:89-104, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1941398

ABSTRACT

The abrupt closure of preschools and schools in March 2020 brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic punctuated the schooling process and renewed questions related to provision, access and accessibility of education in the Indian context. With job losses and consequent social and economic changes, it sharply divided the academic, social and political world in India—especially more so for the already marginalized in the country. This chapter will present an analysis of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the landscape of early childhood care and education (ECCE) in India. Specifically, it will focus on the policy context vis-à-vis the functioning of the institutions that provide ECCE services for children and families and how the pandemic has deepened the already existing gap in provisioning. It will examine the major types of challenges in ECCE in India. These relate to the provision of services for the most vulnerable children and families;use of technology for accessing services;social, emotional, physical development and the role of play;and family-school relationships. Given the criticality of the early childhood years and the kind of support children need during this time, the pandemic will have an impact on vulnerable young children and their families for decades to come. This chapter will also provide implications for the provisioning context in India and ways to strengthen them. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

7.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology ; 142(8, Supplement):S29, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1936803
8.
Journal of Reports in Pharmaceutical Sciences ; 11(1):28-40, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939225

ABSTRACT

Though the scientific community of the entire world has been struggling to create preventive and therapeutic drugs for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the role of nutraceuticals has been hitherto neglected. Established role of fatty acids and polyphenols in combating lifestyle disease can be harnessed to play a significant role in the prevention of this disease. The synergistic effect of these phytonutrients and prebiotics is anticipated to prove beneficial for prevention as well as attenuation of COVID-19 infection. Presence of fatty acids, polyphenols and prebiotics in vegetables from the Cucurbitaceae family makes them an attractive choice for being used as a nutritional supplement during COVID-19. These are known to attenuate the excessive immune response which may prove to be beneficial in preventing and mitigating COVID-19. Use of prebiotics to promote the growth of probiotics has also been recommended for the prevention and cure of COVID-19. However, no such report exists in literature that throws light on such role of cucurbita plants. The present review focuses on the role of the triad of fatty acids, prebiotics and polyphenols present in cucurbita plants in controlling systemic inflammation and endothelial damage, the two main etiopathological factors involved in COVID-19. Cucurbita plants are rich in all these components and their inclusion in diet would be an effective strategy to combat COVID-19. The main focus of the review is to discuss the role of various components of the plants of Cucurbita family, taken as dietary component, in prevention and control of the ongoing pandemic COVID19.

9.
Indian Journal of Transplantation ; 16(2):240-241, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939191
10.
Journal of Acute Disease ; 11(3):129-130, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1939147
11.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(6):2630-2636, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934380

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a global threat, with an inexplicable course of action and suboptimal response to the multitudes of therapies being tried. Vitamin D's pleiotropic effects (immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral) have lately received considerable attention in the scientific community, and it has been shown to be helpful in the defense against viral respiratory infections. Aim: To find out the association between vitamin D and COVID-19.

12.
2022 IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing and Electrical Circuits and Electronics, ICDCECE 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1932105

ABSTRACT

According to the World Health Organization, the coronavirus outbreak poses a daily threat to the global health system. Almost all countries' health resources are insufficient or unequally distributed. There are several issues, such as a lack of health care workers, beds, and intensive care units, to name a few. The key to the country's health systems overcoming this epidemic is to use limited resources at optimal levels. Disease detection is critical to averting an epidemic. The greater the success, the more tightly the covid viral spread may be managed. PCR (Polymerase chain reaction) testing is commonly used to determine whether or not a person has a virus. Deep learning approaches can be used to classify chest X-RAY images in addition to the PCR method. By analyzing multi-layered pictures in one go and establishing manually entered parameters in machine learning, deep learning approaches have become prominent in academic research. This popularity has a favorable impact on the available health datasets. The goal of this study was to detect disease in persons who had x-rays done for suspected COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019). A bi-nary categorization has been used in most COVID-19 investigations. Chest x-rays of COVID-19 patients, viral pneumonia patients, and healthy patients were obtained from IEEE [17] (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) and Kaggle [18]. Before the classification procedure, the data set was subjected to a data augmentation approach. These three groups have been classified through multiclassclassification deep learning models. We are also debating a taxonomy of recent contributions on the eXplainability of Artificial Intelligence (XAI). © 2022 IEEE.

13.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research ; 16(7):FC01-FC06, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1928867

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Nutritional supplements modify immune response and protect against viral infections. Health related behaviour of medical and nursing students governs their attitude towards counselling patients. This study assessed the differences in the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) between undergraduate medical and nursing students regarding the role of nutraceuticals in Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Aim: To assess the differences in the KAP between undergraduate medical and nursing students regarding the role of nutraceuticals in COVID-19. Materials and Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Patna, Bihar, India in September 2020. A questionnaire was administered to assess the KAP of 265 medical and 150 nursing undergraduates regarding nutraceuticals. The total knowledge score varied between 0 and 12. The score of the attitude was based on 5 points Likert scale. The data was collected through self-administered google forms. Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test was used to compare the difference in categorical data. results: There were total 273 (65.8%) participants with good knowledge and only 47 (11.3%) with positive attitude. About 68.7% medical students and 82.7% nursing students felt that regular intake of nutraceuticals has a positive role in protecting against COVID-19 (p=0.007). Out of 415, 264 participants (63.6%) had used nutraceuticals. About 156 (58.9%) medical students and 103 (68.7%) nursing students felt that the safety of nutraceuticals is a grave concern. Two- fifth of the participants (202, 48.7%) had consumed a dietary supplement to maintain good health. conclusion: Although the knowledge score was good, but positive attitude was lacking. Thus, Health Care Personnels (HCP)s should be trained regarding proper usage and recommendations of nutraceuticals.

14.
Current Bioactive Compounds ; 18(6):19-27, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1928369

ABSTRACT

Phytosteroids are biologically active compounds found naturally in herb plasma mem-branes, with a chemical composition similar to animal plasma membrane cholesterol. It can be found in almost all fats abundant plant’s diets. One of the vital phytosterols is β-sitosterol which has several biological activities. It has been proved in various in-vivo and in-vitro research in which β-sitosterol stabilized several physiological activities like as antioxidant, CNS activity (like anti-alzheimer, anxiolytic and sedative effects, CNS depressant activity), lipid-lowering effects (like nonalcoholic fatty liver disease), antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, anti-cancer and immunomodulatory, protective effects in pulmonary fibrosis, wound healing effects and anti-viral and COVID-19 activity. The experimental research on β-sitosterol shows that it can be used as a nutritional supplement to combat variousexisting diseases. In this review, we are high-lighting the most significant pharmacological action of β-sitosterol on the basis of available litera-ture.

15.
Neurology ; 98(18 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925527

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the change in Quality of Life (QOL) in epilepsy patients in India during the Covid-19 pandemic. Background: It is important to determine the effect of this Covid-19 pandemic on the QOL of epilepsy patients in India. This will educate us about the needs of this community of patients and this will inform the types of interventions that are needed to improve the QOL of these patients. Design/Methods: A QOLIE-10-P questionnaire was administered to 172 epilepsy patients before the pandemic started and then it was again administered to the same patients during the pandemic. All patients were from a single Epilepsy Center in Mumbai, India. Results: We compared the results of a baseline QOLIE-10-P, pre-pandemic, with results of a QOLIE-10-P administered during the pandemic in the same patients. This was administered in each of the 172 epilepsy patients. The aggregate and individual scores showed that there was improvement in trouble in transportation, work limitation and social limitations. As the country was in lockdown most people worked from home, there was little need for transportation and there was minimal social interaction allowed. There was also improvement in scores about trouble with side effects of AEDs. There was also improvement in QOL in last 4 weeks and less distress with the epilepsy related QOL. There was worsening in the score about being afraid of having a seizure, there was an acute shortage of hospital beds during the pandemic. There was also worsening in feeling downhearted and low. Conclusions: This is the first study done about the Quality of Life of Epilepsy patients in India, a country with over 10 million epilepsy patients. These findings will help us understand how the epilepsy patient's QOL is being affected during the Covid-19 pandemic in India.

16.
Kathmandu University Medical Journal ; 20(77):12-18, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925450

ABSTRACT

Background Patients are hesitant to enter a dental hospital because of the significant danger of cross infection and illness transmission due to rapid spread of corona virus. Objective To assess knowledge regarding Covid-19, oral health practices and circumstances on dental treatment during a pandemic. Method Cross sectional study was conducted among patients visiting dental department of Dhulikhel hospital from September to October 2020. Questionnaires were interviewed following safety protocols regarding the pandemic and descriptive analysis was performed. Both verbal and written consent as well as ethical approval was taken before the study. Result A total 411 patients aged 14 to 75 years old from 14 different districts across Nepal participated in the study. All of the patient were free of Covid-19 symptoms and had strong knowledge and awareness about disease transmission. During the crisis 96% of the people maintain good oral hygiene while 25.8% acquire new dental problems where majority experienced oral discomfort and swelling, 93.2% of them did not attend a dental clinic or hospital in the interim owing to fear and inaccessibility. Majority of the participants were impressed by the safety precautions and preparations during treatment and 99.3% strongly suggest or pledge to visit dental department if necessary during the pandemic. Conclusion Dental patient visiting Dhulikhel hospital is highly aware of current health crisis, possible transmission and preventive measures. Proper safe hospital setup can encourage them to seek dental treatment during crisis. Dental pain and swelling in Endodontic department recorded most common dental emergency during this pandemic.

17.
6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems, ICICCS 2022 ; : 1003-1008, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1922676

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, face masks detection has become a critical responsibility. Since the pandemic is still ongoing, and workplaces are opening up it is absolutely necessary that all COVID-19 rules & regulations issued by the government which require all employees in a workplace to wear a face mask to be followed. In order to enforce this rule with severity a face mask detection system can be set up in the workplace. This is achieved with the help of artificial intelligence models, face recognition based neural network and transfer learning approach. Once the model is developed it will be integrated with an application which will keep reminding the employee to wear a mask and also keep records and track of the times the employee was liable to pay a penalty. © 2022 IEEE.

18.
NPJ Prim Care Respir Med ; 32(1): 23, 2022 06 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1921610

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is highly evidenced but underutilised in patients living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A menu of centre and home-based programmes is available to facilitate uptake but is not routinely offered. An appraisal of the current PR referral approach compared to a menu-based approach was warranted to explore the decision-making needs of patients living with COPD when considering a referral to PR. Face-to-face or telephone, semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients diagnosed with COPD and referred to PR and referring HCPs. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using the enhanced critical incident technique. 14 HCPs and 11 patients were interviewed (n = 25). Interview data generated 276 critical incidents which informed 28 categories (30 sub-categories). Five high-level themes captured patients' decision-making needs for PR: Understanding COPD, understanding PR, perceived ability to access PR, a desire to accept PR, and supporting the offer. A menu-based approach would further support patients' PR decision-making, however, insufficient knowledge of the programmes would limit its perceived feasibility and acceptability. The development of shared decision making interventions (e.g., a patient decision aid) to elicit patient-centred, meaningful discussions about the menu is suggested.


Subject(s)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Qualitative Research , Referral and Consultation
19.
Journal of Distribution Science ; 20(6):11-19, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1912322

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims at exploring and understanding the effect of four independent variables related to dairy retail marketing and distribution (deep freezers, promotions, company support and distributor-retailer relationship) and one moderating variable Covid-19 lockdown on sales of dairy product during the Covid 19 pandemic situation. Research design and methodology: Personal interviews and door-to-door surveys and promotional tools were designed to publicise and collect data from the retailers. The sale data before, during and after promotion activity were all recorded and evaluated to draw an inferential conclusion. Factor analysis and multiple regression methods were adopted to analyses the data collected. Results: The research shows that four out of the five factors studied was found having significant impact on dairy retail sales. The highest impact on sales was contributed by promotions, secondly by the deep freezer impact followed by distributor-retailer relationship during the study period and lastly but not the least due to influence of Covid-19 lockdown. Conclusions: The study contributes to the body of knowledge in cold chain distribution process through utilization of right mix of tools and tactics for effective marketing and distribution of dairy products in developing countries especially during a pandemic situation. © Copyright: The Author(s) This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://Creat¡vecommons.org/l¡censes/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

20.
Indian Journal of Environmental Protection ; 42(5):591-599, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1904633

ABSTRACT

Releases from biomass burning are a key basis of household air pollution (HAP) and this is estimated to originate millions of early fatalities globally. HAP is closely allied with respiratory sickness. Main objective of the survey is to assess indoor air quality (IAQ) during lockdown amid COVID-19 and to confirm the lockdown consequences and alliance between some risk and respiratory issues among rural women of the Chambal region in Madhya Pradesh. The questionnaire-based survey was conducted during lockdown, that is from April 2020 to May 2020. Study was confined to four villages (Adupurajagir, Chourai, Mitawali-Padhawali and Gora) of districts from Chambal zone, namely Gwaiior, Bhind, Morena and Datia, respectively. On the basis of various criteria, such as demographic characteristics, household characteristics, kitchen characteristics, cooking stove (chulha) characteristics, cooking pattern, use of different types of biomass fuel, ventilation pattern, health history of cook and their household members. Finally, 152 households were surveyed and 100 samples were eligible hence, 25 households from each village were selected for this study. © 2022 - Kalpana Corporation.

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