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1.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S551-S552, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746352

ABSTRACT

Background. The incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection has been rising in the US since 2016, and in New York State since 2019. New York City has also seen an increase of HAV infection among high risk populations. We present a case of acute HAV infection in an inpatient psychiatry unit which has its own unique isolation and management challenges. Methods. A patient was admitted on 3/21/21 from a group home. He developed abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting on 4/15, with elevated liver function tests (LFT). He was transferred to Medicine on 4/17 and HAV IgM and IgG resulted positive on 4/18. Visitation to the unit has been halted for over a year, and no outside food has been allowed. The patient has not been observed to have any sexual exposure to others. Investigation. Exposure window: 15 days prior to start of symptoms. Patients in the unit were screened for symptoms, tested for HAV IgM/IgG, LFTs. Discharged patients were contacted and referred straight for vaccination (difficult to have multiple visits). Staff members with contact to the unit were screened, via email and phone calls. If no previous vaccination and there was presence of exposure or symptoms, staff were referred to Occupational Health Services (OHS). Other Measures: The unit was terminally cleaned and daily enhanced cleaning with bleach ensued. Daily assessment of patients and staff for symptoms. Admissions were held for 2 days until all the patients were tested and given vaccine. Further admissions were screened for HAV. Results. 32 inpatients screened. One patient was positive for HAV IgM, but was asymptomatic with normal LFTs. On investigation, patient had acute hepatitis in February 2021. Patients with no immunity were vaccinated. Two immunocompromised patients were also given HAV immunoglobulin. On chart review, 6 out of 29 discharged patients had evidence of immunity. 133 staff were screened and 54 referred to OHS (see table). Conclusion. As evident with numerous COVID outbreaks in inpatient Psychiatry units, communicable diseases are difficult to control. Patients are in an interactive communal setting and participate in group sessions. For better care and safety of patients and staff, our unit will screen and offer HAV vaccine to new admissions.

2.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 7(SUPPL 1):S335-S336, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1185897

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the start of the pandemic there has been limited data on mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH) who have Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the United States (US). We conducted a retrospective review to investigate potential risk factors associated with survival and need for medical ventilation for PLWH and COVID-19. Methods: This is a retrospective observational cohort from a large academic center across three campuses, conducted from January 1, 2020 to April 30, 2020. Thirty day readmissions were observed from January 1, 2020 to May 31, 2020. Our patients were identified by an ICD-10 code (B20) corresponding to HIV and positive SARSCoV- 2 PCR test. As a primary endpoint, we compared survivors vs. non-survivors. As a secondary endpoint, we compared patients who needed mechanical ventilator (MV) vs. those who did not need MV. Results: Seventy two PLWH (28 female patients (39%), median [IQR] age was 62 [-/+16] years) had positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR tests during this retrospective review. Median CD4+ count was 235 cells/ul and 11 (15%) had an HIV viral load >200 copies/ mL. The median length of stay was 5 days and 6 patients were directly discharged from the emergency department. Ten patients were readmitted within 30 days with SARSCoV- 2 - like symptoms and 2 are still inpatient. Twenty patients (27.8%) have expired. All non-survivors that expired had an undetectable HIV viral load (0%, p=0.02). The 11 patients with unsuppressed HIV viral loads at the start of the study period all survived, p=0.02. Non-survivors were more likely to have chronic kidney disease CKD (p< 0.01) acute kidney injury (p< 0.01), higher absolute neutrophils (p< 0.01), and elevated IL-6 levels (p< 0.01) compared to survivors. Fifteen patients (20.8%) required mechanical ventilation (MV), 3 (4.1%) of those patients survived. Patients that required MV were more likely to be male (p=0.01) obese (p< 0.01) and had higher absolute neutrophil counts (p=0.01) versus those that did not need MV. Patients with lower CD4 counts (< 200 cells/uL) did not require more mechanical ventilation (p=0.04). Conclusion: PLWH who had COVID-19 had a high mortality rate. Since all the patients who died had an undetectable HIV viral load across CD4 counts, our study suggests that patients with uncontrolled HIV are not at an increased risk of mortality.

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