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2.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1510(1): 79-99, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1822055

ABSTRACT

Targeted protein degradation is critical for proper cellular function and development. Protein degradation pathways, such as the ubiquitin proteasomes system, autophagy, and endosome-lysosome pathway, must be tightly regulated to ensure proper elimination of misfolded and aggregated proteins and regulate changing protein levels during cellular differentiation, while ensuring that normal proteins remain unscathed. Protein degradation pathways have also garnered interest as a means to selectively eliminate target proteins that may be difficult to inhibit via other mechanisms. On June 7 and 8, 2021, several experts in protein degradation pathways met virtually for the Keystone eSymposium "Targeting protein degradation: from small molecules to complex organelles." The event brought together researchers working in different protein degradation pathways in an effort to begin to develop a holistic, integrated vision of protein degradation that incorporates all the major pathways to understand how changes in them can lead to disease pathology and, alternatively, how they can be leveraged for novel therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Ubiquitin , Autophagy/physiology , Humans , Organelles , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex/metabolism , Proteins/metabolism , Proteolysis , Ubiquitin/metabolism
3.
Nat Biotechnol ; 39(12): 1556-1562, 2021 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1287813

ABSTRACT

Frequent testing of large population groups combined with contact tracing and isolation measures will be crucial for containing Coronavirus Disease 2019 outbreaks. Here we present LAMP-Seq, a modified, highly scalable reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method. Unpurified biosamples are barcoded and amplified in a single heat step, and pooled products are analyzed en masse by sequencing. Using commercial reagents, LAMP-Seq has a limit of detection of ~2.2 molecules per µl at 95% confidence and near-perfect specificity for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 given its sequence readout. Clinical validation of an open-source protocol with 676 swab samples, 98 of which were deemed positive by standard RT-qPCR, demonstrated 100% sensitivity in individuals with cycle threshold values of up to 33 and a specificity of 99.7%, at a very low material cost. With a time-to-result of fewer than 24 h, low cost and little new infrastructure requirement, LAMP-Seq can be readily deployed for frequent testing as part of an integrated public health surveillance program.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Testing/methods , COVID-19 , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/methods , COVID-19/diagnosis , Humans
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