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1.
Agrarian Perspectives XXX. Sources of competitiveness under pandemic and environmental shocks, Proceedings of the 30th International Scientific Conference, Prague, Czech Republic ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1824256

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, a growing trend can be observed in all areas of consumption due to this fact amount of waste from packing from individual households is increasing rapidly. These topics have become the subject of extensive discussions among the professional and lay public in the context of sustainability, the environment and also the renewable resources. Many young people in economically developed countries have embraced the ideas of the Zero Waste and have actively considered the issues of recycling and economy in packaging management. Many young people in economically developed countries have embraced the ideas of the Zero Waste and have actively considered the issues of recycling and economy in packaging management. The aim of the article is to evaluate the current attitudes of young people in college age in the Czech Republic to the purchase of unpackaged good. Research was carried out in January 2021. Total number of respondents were 389. All respondents were university students. The contingency tables and X2 test as methods were used for evaluation relationship between variables. For measuring of strength Cramer's V was used. Four null hypotheses were defined. 83% of respondents sort waste, from that more than 90% of respondents sort plastics, paper, and glass at household. In contrast, only 22% of respondents sort bio-waste and 41% of respondents sort beverage cartons. Women showed more knowledge of sorting waste than men. More than 90% of respondents stated that the volume of packaging waste in their households increased in the last year.

2.
Listy Cukrovarnick.. a Reparsk ; 137(3):121-127, 2021.
Article in Czech | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1652021

ABSTRACT

Agricultural commodities strengthened their position on the financial and commodity market during the 21st century. At the same time, however, the agricultural-oriented commodity market has been suffering due to a high degree of price fluctuation. Significant price fluctuations are typical in this respect, especially in times of uncertainty and periods of financial market crises. In this sector, sugar belongs among key commodities. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a significant increase in financial market uncertainty, including commodity markets. The new coronavirus affected both supply and demand on the sugar market. Such a situation resulted in significant changes in the area of production offered and especially in relation to the development of available sugar stocks. The aim of the paper is to define the impact of uncertainty on the stock market in relation to sugar price development in the period of COVID-19 crisis. The subject of the analysis is thus the development of sugar price on the one hand in the context of the financial market uncertainty and the development of the COVID-19 pandemic on the other hand. Sugar prices are represented by the S&P GSCI Sugar index, while the VIX index is used to indicate uncertainty in stock markets. To examine the changes in the relationship between sugar prices and stock market uncertainty, a regression model with a sequential Bai-Perron test of structural breaks in a thirty-year perspective is used. The results of the analysis proved the existence of a significant and negative relationship between sugar prices and the expected volatility of stock markets since the global financial crisis. Furthermore, the Granger causality test evaluates the causal relationships between sugar prices and the VIX index during the new coronavirus pandemic. The results of the analysis proved that the uncertainty in the stock market has been negatively affecting sugar prices during the COVID-19 pandemic.

3.
8th International Scientific Conference Ifrs: Global Rules and Local Use - Beyond the Numbers ; : 175-192, 2020.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1321145

ABSTRACT

The paper deals with the impact of the crisis caused by COVID 19 pandemic on the future development of the world economy, especially on possible scenarios of globalisation and deglobalisation processes. The aim is to identify the basic possible alternatives for future development under different conditions of the changing economic and political environment in the present world. The authors reflect on the threats but also on the opportunities created by the current crisis and the possible consequences of such a development. The paper uses the methods of abstraction, deduction and induction, using moments of currents of the opinion of a new discourse that has emerged with the social sciences in recent years. The conclusions of the study suggest the possibility of international conflicts that can be expected due to the contradictions that these changes will cause.

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