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American Journal of Health Behavior ; 46(4):467-476, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040335


Objectives: This mixed-methods study compared perspectives of those 'very likely' versus 'very unlikely' to receive a hypothetical COVID-19 vaccine.

PLoS ONE [Electronic Resource] ; 17(9):e0274683, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2039422


BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a transformative effect on individuals across the world, including those in healthcare. Transformative learning is an educational theory in which an individual's worldview is fundamentally altered through conscious reflection (Cognitive Rational), insights (Extrarational), or social reform (Social Critique). We utilized transformative learning theory to characterize the experiences of medical trainees during the pandemic. METHODS: We used the Transformative Learning Survey in September and October 2020 to evaluate the processes and outcomes of transformative learning in health professions students and housestaff at an academic medical center during the pandemic. We analyzed survey scores for three process domains and four outcome subdomains. We inductively coded the survey's two open-ended questions and performed qualitative and mixed-methods analyses. RESULTS: The most prominent TL outcome was Self-Awareness, Acting Differently was intermediate, and Openness and Worldview Shifts were lowest. Cognitive Rational and Social Critique processes were more prominent than Extrarational processes. Students were more likely than housestaff to undergo transformative learning through the Social Critique process (p = 0.025), in particular the sub-processes of Social Action (p = 0.023) and Ideology Critique (p = 0.010). Qualitative analysis via the aggregation of codes identified four responses to the pandemic: negative change, positive change, existential change, or no change. Negative changes (67.7%) were most common, with students reporting more of these changes than housestaff (74.8% vs 53.6%;p < 0.01). Only 8.4% of reported changes could be defined as transformative. CONCLUSIONS: Through the theoretical lens of transformative learning, our study provides insight into the lives of learners during the pandemic. Our finding that medical students were more likely to use Social Critique processes has multiple parallels in the literature. If leaders in academic medicine desire to create enlightened change agents through transformative learning, such education must continue throughout graduate medical education and beyond.

Journal of General Internal Medicine ; 36(SUPPL 1):S114-S114, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1349126
NAVTA Journal ; 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1326638


This article describes 5 scientifically studied facts that registered veterinary technicians can share to encourage owners to think about and acknowledge as they wait for their pet to be returned to them. These statements will be useful for alleviating the stress experienced by pet owners due to concern regarding their animals' health and their own health during the current COVID-19 pandemic.