Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
1.
Cortex ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1797023

ABSTRACT

Introduction COVID-19 has a wide range of clinical manifestations. Neurological manifestations in COVID-19 patients were demonstrated during the pandemic, including cognitive impairment. This study aimed to determine any relationship between COVID-19 and cognitive complaints, such as dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Methods We performed a systematic review of MEDLINE via Ebsco, Cochrane EMBASE, SCOPUS, and LILACS electronic databases of observational studies with COVID-19 patients confirmed by serology or PCR who developed new cognitive impairment or deteriorated from previous cognitive impairment after infection. This review protocol was recorded on PROSPERO with registration number CRD 42021241590. Results A total of 3.520 articles were retrieved and read. Twenty-two studies were selected for our review. A wide range of cognitive assessment tools (n=25) was used. The most described affected domains in these studies were executive functions, attention, and episodic memory. Thirteen studies showed a pattern of cognitive impairment in processing speed, inattention, or executive dysfunction assessed through working memory. Conclusion This review highlights the high frequency of cognitive impairment after COVID-19 infection. However, we were unable to differentiate whether the cognitive impairment found corresponded to mild cognitive impairment or dementia through data from selected studies, and this issue serves as one objective of future studies to be addressed on this topic.

2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 216, 2022 Mar 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1779603

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is a pandemic disease responsible for many deaths worldwide. Many neurological manifestations have been described. We report a case of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) 2 months after acute COVID19 infection, in a patient without other risk factors. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old male patient presented an 8-month history of progressive gait disorder and cognitive impairment after being hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was compatible with NPH. A spinal tap test was positive and there was progressive improvement after shunting, with complete resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSION: Other infections such as syphilis, cryptococcosis and Lyme disease have been associated with NPH. Possible mechanisms for NPH after COVID include disruption of choroid plexus cells by direct viral invasion or as a result of neuroinflammation and cytokine release and hypercoagulability leading to venous congestion and abnormalities of CSF flow. Given the significance of NPH as a cause of reversible dementia, it is important to consider the possibility of a causal association with COVID19 and understand the mechanisms behind this association.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Spinal Puncture
3.
J Neurovirol ; 27(5): 791-796, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1375852

ABSTRACT

SARS-COV-2 infection has affected millions of individuals with a wide range of clinical manifestations, including central and peripheral nervous systems through several mechanisms. A rare but potentially severe manifestation of this virus is transverse myelitis. Herein, we report on two patients who developed paraparesis, sensory deficit, and autonomic changes on the tenth day after infection by COVID-19. A 27-year-old man, previously healthy, had symptoms of COVID-19 confirmed by oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swab tests. On the tenth day of symptoms, the patient started to experience acute paraparesis, urinary retention, constipation, and hypoesthesia up to the T4 level. The second patient is a 50-year-old man, previously healthy, who had symptoms of the flu-like syndrome. The diagnosis of COVID-19 infection was confirmed by oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swab tests. On the tenth day of symptoms, the patient started to experience paraparesis, urinary incontinence, and hypoesthesia up to the T6 level. The neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis of both patients confirmed acute transverse myelitis after COVID-19 infection. High-dose corticosteroid therapy was started, and both patients showed rapid recovery from their deficits. Although rare, post-infectious transverse myelitis may be related to SARS-COV-2 infection and should be quickly recognized. Although controlled studies are needed, treatment with corticosteroid therapy in high doses was effective in these patients.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Myelitis, Transverse/drug therapy , Myelitis, Transverse/virology , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
4.
J Neurovirol ; 27(5): 782-786, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1375851

ABSTRACT

Neurological symptoms in COVID-19 patients can also be found in the pediatric population, but they are usually described as mild symptoms. Herein, we described a case series of four pediatric patients with severe and highly heterogeneous central and peripheral nervous system manifestations. The objective was to report neurological manifestations of COVID-19 in children and adolescents. The design is case series. The participants are four children and adolescents with confirmed COVID-19. The main outcome and measures are as follows: Clinical data were gathered from electronic medical records, and data of all neurologic symptoms were checked by a trained neurologist. We reported four pediatric patients with COVID-19 and different neurologic symptoms. Case 1 was a 16-year-old girl with a sensory and motor polyradiculopathy with RT-qPCR for COVID-19 and dengue both detected in CSF that improved after appropriate treatment. Case 2 was a 15-year-old boy with Guillain-Barre syndrome and had good response after using human immunoglobulin. Case 3 was a 5-year-old girl with acute intracranial hypertension that improved after going through lumbar puncture and using acetazolamide. Case 4 was a 2-month-old male infant with focal epileptic seizures that recovered after antiepileptic treatment. We highlight the need to consider different neurologic manifestations as part of the COVID-19 clinical spectrum.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Nervous System Diseases/virology , Adolescent , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(9): 4487-4494, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1242821

ABSTRACT

Headache is the most common neurological symptom in COVID-19, reported in 6.5 to 34% of patients. Few studies have analyzed its characteristics, and some of them included cases without laboratory confirmation or reported only critical patients. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 associated headache in laboratory-confirmed cases. We conducted a retrospective evaluation of patients with COVID-19 and neurological symptoms. Patients who reported headache answered an interview about its clinical characteristics. Twenty-four patients with COVID-19 associated headache completed the interview. Mean age of patients was 53.8 (standard deviation-17.44), and 14 out of 24 (58.3%) were male. The majority (75%) had no previous history of headache. Fever was documented in 19 out of the 24 patients (79.1%). Headache was predominantly bifrontal or holocranial, in pressure, during hours, worsening with cough or physical activity. COVID-19 headache tends to appear in the first days of symptoms, be either frontal or holocranial and last for days. The quality of pain in pressure and the worsening with cough or physical activity were reported in most cases. We have not found any characteristic that could differentiate COVID-19 associated headache from other causes of headache, possibly because of its multifactorial mechanism.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Headache/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescent , Adult , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Comorbidity , Cytokines/physiology , Endothelium, Vascular/physiopathology , Endothelium, Vascular/virology , Female , Fever/etiology , Headache/physiopathology , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Models, Biological , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Symptom Assessment , Trigeminal Nerve/virology , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL