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1.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(2): e901, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1355379

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Este documento de recomendaciones tiene como objetivo orientar a médicos nefrólogos y no nefrólogos que asisten a pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en todas las etapas de la misma, en el proceso de vacunación contra el SARS-CoV-2. Como consecuencia de la situación epidemiológica y de los tiempos del proceso de elaboración de las vacunas disponibles, no se ha generado evidencia lo suficientemente potente, por lo que las recomendaciones no se acompañan del nivel de evidencia. Se fundamenta la necesidad de priorizar la vacunación en este grupo de pacientes en el mayor riesgo de adquirir la infección por SARS-CoV-2, desarrollar la enfermedad COVID-19 con mayor gravedad y presentar una mortalidad más elevada que la población general. Las recomendaciones se organizan por grupos de pacientes considerando pacientes con ERC no dialítica, diálisis y trasplante renal, y pacientes bajo tratamiento inmunosupresor.


Summary The objective of this document containing recommendations is to provide guidelines for nephrologists and non-nephrologists who assist patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) at all stages of the disease on the vaccination process against SARS-CoV-2. As a consequence of the current epidemiological situation and the timing of the COVID-19 vaccine development -for available vaccines- there is no solid evidence, and thus, recommendations are not accompanied by the due medical proof. The need to prioritize vaccination in this group of patients is based on the increased risk of acquiring the SARS-CoV-2 infection, developing the COVID-19 disease with greater severity and presenting higher mortality rates than the general population. The recommendations are organized by groups of patients, considering patients with non-dialytic CKD, dialysis and kidney transplantation, and patients under immunosuppressive treatment.


Resumo: O objetivo deste documento de recomendações é orientar os nefrologistas e não nefrologistas que atendem pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) em todas as fases da doença, no processo de vacinação contra a SARS-CoV-2. Como consequência da situação epidemiológica e do momento do processo de produção das vacinas disponíveis, não foram geradas evidências suficientemente potentes, de modo que as recomendações não são acompanhadas de seu nível de evidência. A necessidade de priorizar a vacinação neste grupo de pacientes baseia-se no maior risco de adquirir a infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2, desenvolver a doença COVID-19 com maior gravidade e apresentar mortalidade superior à da população em geral. As recomendações são organizadas por grupos de pacientes, considerando pacientes com DRC não dialítica, em diálise, com transplante renal, e pacientes em tratamento imunossupressor.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , COVID-19 Vaccines
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(7)2021 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1167703

ABSTRACT

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) caused the current coronavirus disease (Covid-19) epidemic. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. Under ideal conditions, RT-qPCR Covid-19 assays have analytical sensitivity and specificity greater than 95%. However, when the sample panel is enlarged including asymptomatic individuals, the sensitivity decreases and false negatives are reported. Moreover, RT-qPCR requires up to 3-6 h with most of the time involved in RNA extraction from swab samples. We introduce CovidArray, a microarray-based assay, to detect SARS-CoV-2 markers N1 and N2 in the nasopharyngeal swabs. The method is based on solid-phase hybridization of fluorescently-labeled amplicons upon RNA extraction and reverse transcription. This approach combines the physical-optical properties of the silicon substrate with the surface chemistry used to coat the substrate to obtain a diagnostic tool of great sensitivity. Furthermore, we used an innovative approach, RNAGEM, to extract and purify viral RNA in less than 15 min. We correctly assigned 12 nasopharyngeal swabs, previously analyzed by RT-qPCR. Thanks to the CovidArray sensitivity we were able to identify a false-negative sample. CovidArray is the first DNA microarray-based assay to detect viral genes in the swabs. Its high sensitivity and the innovative viral RNA extraction by RNAGEM allows the reduction of both the amount of false-negative results and the total analysis time to about 2 h.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , RNA, Viral/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity
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