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1.
In Vivo ; 36(4): 1959-1965, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1904088

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of low-dose radiotherapy (LDRT) delivered to both lungs in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2-immune-mediated pneumonia in the COLOR-19 study (NCT0437747). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2020 to April 2021 at Brescia University Radiation Oncology Department, three patients with COVID-19-related pneumonia were treated with LDRT according to the COLOR-19 protocol. All patients were treated with a single fraction at the average prescription dose of 0.7 Gy to both lungs. RESULTS: Three patients were enrolled (two males and one female, aged 61-81 years) and underwent LDRT. Despite LDRT being safely performed without significant side-effects, two patients died (one 81-year-old male due to septic shock secondary to Escherichia coli infection and one 79-year-old male, already in poor condition, due to worsening of COVID-19). The remaining female patient (61 years old) underwent LDRT for less severe COVID-19: her clinical condition and chest X-ray improved, and she was discharged home completely asymptomatic 27 days after hospital admission. Blood levels of C-reactive protein and ferritin generally decreased after LDRT. CONCLUSION: Early results of the COLOR-19 study demonstrate the feasibility of LDRT for therapy of COVID-19-related pneumonia; no conclusions on the efficacy have been reached due to poor accrual.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/radiotherapy , Female , Humans , Lung , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
2.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-307447

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had an overwhelming impact on healthcare worldwide. Outstandingly, the aftermath on neoplastic patients is still largely unknown, and only isolated cases of COVID-19 during radiotherapy have been published. We will report the two-months experience of our Department, set in Lombardy “red-zone”. Methods: : data of 402 cancer patients undergoing active treatment from February 24 to April 24, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed;several indicators of the Department functioning were also analyzed. Results: : dedicated measures allowed an overall limited reduction of the workload. Decrease of radiotherapy treatment number reached 17%, while the number of administration of systemic treatment and follow up evaluations kept constant. Conversely, new treatment planning faced substantial decline. Considering the patients, infection rate was 3.23% (13/402) and mortality 1.24% (5/402). Median age of COVID-19 patients was 69.7 years, the large majority were male and smokers (84.6%);lung cancer was the most common tumor type (61.5%), 84.6% of subjects were stage III-IV and 92.3% had comorbidities. Remarkably, 92.3% of the cases were detected before March 24. Globally, only 2.5% of ongoing treatments were suspended due to suspect or confirmed COVID-19 and 46.2% of positive patients carried on radiotherapy without interruption. Considering only the last month, infection rate among patients undergoing treatment precipitated to 0.43% (1/232) and no new contagions were reported within our staff. Conclusions: : although mortality rate in COVID-19 cancer patients is elevated, our results support the feasibility and safety of continuing anticancer treatment during SARS-Cov-2 pandemic by endorsing consistent preventive measures.

3.
Tumori ; 108(3): 278-282, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1360607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been overwhelming on patients with cancer, who may be at higher risk of developing severe disease. During the second COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, we planned universal microbiologic screening for patients scheduled for antineoplastic treatment. METHODS: All patients with planned active treatment at Brescia University Radiation Oncology Department were screened for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA with repeated nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) from October 31, 2020. Treatment continuation, suspension, or delay was modulated for patients testing positive according to clinical presentation. RESULTS: From October 31, 2020, to February 6, 2021, 636 patients were enrolled and 1243 NPS were performed, of which 28 (2.25%) were positive. The infection rate was 2.52%; 81.3% of the patients with a positive NPS were asymptomatic, 2 had mild disease, and 1 severe disease that led to death. All patients already on treatment with mild or asymptomatic COVID-19 carried on the therapy with no or minimal delay. Median delay for patients with infection detected before treatment start was 16.5 days. CONCLUSIONS: Detected incidence of COVID-19 was lower during the second outbreak in our patients (2.52% vs 3.23%), despite the extensive testing schedule, and substantiates the high rate of asymptomatic infections and the low mortality among patients with COVID-19 (6.3% vs 38.5% during the first outbreak). Universal SARS-CoV-2 screening for all patients with planned treatment might allow early identification of patients with COVID-19, resulting in timely management that could improve clinical outcomes and prevent spread of the infection.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Asymptomatic Infections , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19 Testing , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Humans , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 191, 2020 Aug 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-704646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had an overwhelming impact on healthcare worldwide. Outstandingly, the aftermath on neoplastic patients is still largely unknown, and only isolated cases of COVID-19 during radiotherapy have been published. We will report the two-months experience of our Department, set in Lombardy "red-zone". METHODS: Data of 402 cancer patients undergoing active treatment from February 24 to April 24, 2020 were retrospectively reviewed; several indicators of the Department functioning were also analyzed. RESULTS: Dedicated measures allowed an overall limited reduction of the workload. Decrease of radiotherapy treatment number reached 17%, while the number of administration of systemic treatment and follow up evaluations kept constant. Conversely, new treatment planning faced substantial decline. Considering the patients, infection rate was 3.23% (13/402) and mortality 1.24% (5/402). Median age of COVID-19 patients was 69.7 years, the large majority were male and smokers (84.6%); lung cancer was the most common tumor type (61.5%), 84.6% of subjects were stage III-IV and 92.3% had comorbidities. Remarkably, 92.3% of the cases were detected before March 24. Globally, only 2.5% of ongoing treatments were suspended due to suspect or confirmed COVID-19 and 46.2% of positive patients carried on radiotherapy without interruption. Considering only the last month, infection rate among patients undergoing treatment precipitated to 0.43% (1/232) and no new contagions were reported within our staff. CONCLUSIONS: Although mortality rate in COVID-19 cancer patients is elevated, our results support the feasibility and safety of continuing anticancer treatment during SARS-Cov-2 pandemic by endorsing consistent preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Female , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Male , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Radiation Oncology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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