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1.
Movement Disorders ; 37:S217-S217, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2084159
2.
Movement Disorders ; 37:S43-S45, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2084036
3.
International Conference on Advances and Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, ICAAAIML 2021 ; 925:427-438, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2075303

ABSTRACT

Since the approach of the internet, many fake news and fabricated articles/contents observed widely. With the growing utilization of advancement and social media, buyers are making and sharing more information than some other time in recent memory. However, some individuals distributed counterfeit news with no significance to reality just to build the readership. Gossip distinguishing on social media is an essential issue. This paper talks about the methodology of machine learning and natural language processing to solve this problem. Use of TF-IDF (TermFrequencyInverse Document Frequency) and trained the data on four classifiers to explore which amongst them works well for this Indian dataset (https://github.com/Aks121/Fake-News-Analysis-on-Indian-Dataset ).The recall, precision and F1 scores help us figure out which model works best. The accuracy achieved so far is 95 on the ratio of 70:30 split dataset. The reason for this work is to approach the mechanized arrangement of the news stories utilizing machine learning. This can be used by the users to identify through the locales containing fake news. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

4.
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry ; 20(3):247-251, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2071996

ABSTRACT

Background: Effective hand hygiene is one of the most cost-efficient means of preventing infectious diseases in the community. Studies conducted to assess the hand hygiene practices of the general population in India are relatively limited. The present study was conducted with the aim to assess hand hygiene practices among the participants visiting the outpatient department (OPD) of a dental institute in the Purvanchal region in India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 880 participants visiting the OPD of a dental college in the Purvanchal region. The data were collected using a pretested questionnaire focusing on the hand hygiene practices of the participants. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Results showed that 98.5% of the respondents used soap/antiseptic liquid soap or hand sanitizer. The frequency of handwashing increased with the improvement in socioeconomic status, with almost 70% of upper-class participants washing their hands daily 5-6 times or more (P = 0.001). A significant association was seen between education and extension of handwashing (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Majority of the population were using soap and water for handwashing which shows that people are aware that proper hand hygiene is necessary to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, especially COVID-19. However, more work is needed to educate people from lower socioeconomic status about good hand hygiene practices.

5.
Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics ; 60(9):788-793, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2067784

ABSTRACT

Oxygen is the most important source for the survival of all living organisms. Our daily activities require energy and it comes from the food we consume when the oxygen present in our blood burns that food. The deficiency of oxygen disturbs the entire functioning of organs in the body. Around 50-80% of the natural oxygen production on Earth comes from the ocean. The oxygen production from ocean is the result of drifting plants, algae, and some bacteria that can photosynthesize. Oxygen has many applications like chemical processing, medical application, and many more. Different types of methods are available to produce oxygen at a considerable scale, e.g., cryogenic, pressure swing, electrochemical. In this article, we discuss the stepwise process of various methods to produce oxygen and the challenges associated with details. © 2022 National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.

6.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):7320-7335, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067315

ABSTRACT

As the threat of a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic subsides, governments throughout the world are dealing with epidemic concerns due to the occurrence of monkeypox cases in various areas. Previously limited to African countries, the majority of monkeypox cases associated with the 2022 epidemic have been recorded in countries throughout Europe and the Western Hemisphere. While multiple organisations are doing contact-tracing operations, it is still unclear how this outbreak began. Monkeypox virus is one of several zoonotic viruses in the Orthopoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family. Following the universal abolition of smallpox in the 1970s, monkeypox outbreaks drew international attention.The smallpox immunisation provided immunity against the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox cases rose when smallpox vaccine was halted. It wasn't until the 2003 US pandemic that monkeypox became well known. The virus did not originate in monkeys, despite the name "monkeypox." Although other rodents and small animals have been recognised as the virus's origins, the precise origin of monkeypox is uncertain. The viral infection was originally observed in macaque monkeys, thus the term monkeypox. Although human-to-human transmission of monkeypox is exceedingly rare, it is usually associated with respiratory droplets or direct contact with infected people's mucocutaneous sores. There is presently no treatment available for infected people;however, supportive therapies can be utilised to relieve symptoms;drugs such as tecovirimat may be used in severe cases. Many therapy are subjective since there are no unambiguous guidelines for symptom relief.

7.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research ; 16(9):LC06-LC12, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067203

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Frontline Healthcare Workers (F-HCWs) are at the front position for medical care against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic which has life-threatening potentials. Poor level of knowledge, practices and negative attitudes as well as high-risk of psychological distress among F-HCWs can directly lead to delayed diagnosis, treatment and poor infection control practices. Aim: To assess the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) as well as risk of psychological distress among F-HCWs for COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted at Government Medical College, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, located in tertiary care centre in rural area) from October 2021 to December 2021 among 223 F-HCWs using convenient sampling technique. To assess the level of KAP as well as risk of psychological distress among F-HCWs a prevalidated structured questionnaire was used consisting 15 knowledge questions, six attitude questions, 15 practices questions and six questions on risk of psychological distress. Chi-square test was performed to examine the association between risk of psychological distress and level of KAP as well as with demographic characteristics of F-HCWs. Results: Out of total 223 participants more than half of physicians (52.9%) and one-third of staff nurses (35.9%) were from age group of 25-35 years, respectively. Majority of both physicians (57.1%) and staff nurses (87.6%) were married and had nuclear type of family as of 64.3% and 74.5%, respectively. Most of the physicians (92.9%) had good level of knowledge but they had less positive attitude (84.3%) compare to staff nurses (92.8%). Majority of both physicians (64.3%) and staff nurses (58.2%) had no or low risk of psychological distress while only few of them had its high level. Conclusion: In this study majority of F-HCWs reported overall 'good' level of knowledge, attitude and practices for prevention of COVID-19. As for as risk of psychological distress was concerned, majority of F-HCWs had its no or low risk.

8.
Ieee Access ; 10:95106-95124, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2042709

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus (nCOV) is a new strain that needs to be hindered from spreading by taking effective preventive measures as swiftly as possible. Timely forecasting of COVID-19 cases can ultimately support in making significant decisions and planning for implementing preventive measures. In this study, three common machine learning (ML) approaches via linear regression (LR), sequential minimal optimization (SMO) regression, and M5P techniques have been discussed and implemented for forecasting novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic scenarios. To demonstrate the forecast accuracy of the aforementioned ML approaches, a preliminary sample-study has been conducted on the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic scenario for three different countries including the United States of America (USA), Italy, and Australia. Furthermore, the contributions of this study are extended by conducting an in-depth forecast study on COVID-19 pandemic scenarios for the first, second, and third waves in India. An accurate forecasting model has been proposed, which has been constructed on the basis of the results of the aforementioned forecasting models of COVID-19 pandemic scenarios. The findings of the research highlight that LR is a potential approach that outperforms all other forecasting models tested herein in the present COVID-19 pandemic scenario. Finally, the LR approach has been used to forecast the likely onset of the fourth wave of COVID-19 in India.

9.
28th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2022 ; : 4850-4851, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2020406

ABSTRACT

Similar to previous iterations, the epiDAMIK@KDD workshop is a forum to promote data driven approaches in epidemiology and public health research. Even after the devastating impact of COVID-19 pandemic, data driven approaches are not as widely studied in epidemiology, as they are in other spaces. We aim to promote and raise the profile of the emerging research area of data-driven and computational epidemiology, and create a venue for presenting state-of-the-art and in-progress results-in particular, results that would otherwise be difficult to present at a major data mining conference, including lessons learnt in the 'trenches'. The current COVID-19 pandemic has only showcased the urgency and importance of this area. Our target audience consists of data mining and machine learning researchers from both academia and industry who are interested in epidemiological and public-health applications of their work, and practitioners from the areas of mathematical epidemiology and public health. Homepage: https://epidamik.github.io/. © 2022 Owner/Author.

10.
Benchmarking ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018443

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This paper aims to identify the current research trends in sustainability through an extensive literature review and propose future research agenda under the ambit of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Specifically, the present study aims to uncover the current state of the literature and thereby develop an understanding of how the pandemic has impacted the dimensions of sustainability. Design/methodology/approach: To achieve the objective, the authors adopted a five-step literature review process, combined with bibliometric and network analysis. The authors also considered news articles and reports of international organizations to comprehensively achieve the research objective. Findings: The study results show how the pandemic has impacted the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainability. The results also highlight the list of authors, countries and institutions that have proactively worked towards eliminating the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Research limitations/implications: The study provides an in-depth understanding of the scholarly contributions to the field of sustainability since the COVID-19 outbreak. The study is useful for policymakers and businesses interested in understanding how the pandemic has impacted the dimensions of sustainability and possible mitigation strategies. Furthermore, the study also provides future research directions in the intersection of pandemic and sustainability dimensions. Specific research questions (RQs) are also proposed to help future research. Originality/value: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this study is a pioneer attempt to provide a comprehensive understanding of the existing and rapidly growing literature on COVID-19 and its relationship with the various dimensions of sustainability. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

11.
Journal of SAFOG ; 14(4):365-369, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010445

ABSTRACT

Background: The present study aims to understand the perceptions, apprehensions, and fears of peripartum COVID-positive women in low-resource settings. Study design: Cross-sectional observational study. Methodology: All COVID-positive postpartum women who delivered in the institution (vaginal delivery and cesarean section) were included in the study. Exclusion criteria included ICU admission and known mental illness. Results: A total of 61 COVID-positive women delivered in the facility during the study period. About 33 out of 61 women were nulliparous, while 28 were multigravida. Two babies tested positive for COVID-19 within 24 hours of birth. Majority of the patients were anxious prior to coming to hospital (51/61, i.e., 83.6%). The most common perceived fear reported by patients was fear of not receiving support from partner and provider (80%). Due to restrictions imposed on birth companion, 80% (49/61) women feared loneliness during labor. Apprehension of not receiving respectful maternity care was experienced by 75.4% (46/61) of women. Only 16 (26.2%) patients feared progression of disease, and 32 women (52%) were afraid of infection being transmitted to baby. However, 85% of the women reported a positive birthing experience. Good support from the family was observed in 76% of women. Despite regular visits by the doctors, eight patients (13%) felt a lack of connect due to the prevailing situation. Inability to celebrate joyful moments with family, neonatal separation, and delay in discharge were the major causes of discontent among the postpartum women. Conclusion: The study shows that the excitement and joy of pregnancy and delivery in pre-COVID times has been replaced by fear, anxiety, and uncertainty in this COVID era. Strategies, like good communication and provision of adequate support, may be particularly useful to help these women have a positive birthing experience.

13.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(4):1052-1059, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1995352

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 has pushed Government of India to take various public health measures for curtailing transmission of infection. It included imposition of total lockdown on all non-essential services across the country when number of cases started increasing during the first wave. The first lockdown lasted from March 25th to may 31st 2020, following which a period of gradual unlocking began. Thereafter during the second wave of the COVID pandemic in India, lockdowns of varying intensities were imposed at different intervals by individual states. Near complete lockdown was implemented in the National Capital from April 19th 2021 to 31st May 2021, in response to a sharp rise in the number of cases. These lockdowns along with the pandemic itself has had a major impact on the healthcare system, including trauma care. There are limited number of studies specifically from India, which have examined the effect of these restrictions on trauma admissions. Objectives: Objective of this study is to assess the effect of COVID related lockdowns on trend of trauma admissions in a tertiary care facility of North India. Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, data on trauma admissions were ed from the Health Management Information system of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Trauma Center, New Delhi corresponding to the following time periods (1) April 15, 2019, to May 31, 2019 - which corresponds with the pre-COVID phase (2) April 15, 2020, to May 31, 2020- which corresponds with first nationwide lockdown imposed in India during the first wave of the COVID outbreak and (3) April 15, 2021, to May 31, 2021- which corresponded with the near complete lockdown in state of Delhi during the second wave of COVID outbreak in India. Results: During the first-time interval (pre-COVID), a total of 8847 trauma casualty cases were reported in the Emergency Department of the level 1 Trauma Center. Due to lock down, number of patients presenting to trauma emergency had significantly reduced to 2185 during second interval. However, trauma casualty cases slightly increased during the third interval. Conclusion: This study showed that during the pandemic lockdown trauma admissions had been significantly reduced. However, the volume of trauma admissions was greater during the 2nd Peak of COVID-19, as the lockdown was partial. This study demonstrated that self-quarantines and lockdowns had led to a significant decrease in trauma footfall.

14.
Managing Complexity and COVID-19: Life, Liberty, or the Pursuit of Happiness ; : 176-184, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1975139
15.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(7):1690-1694, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1969830

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyse the effect of covid-19 throughout India during 2020. This study is achieved by analysing the 2020 indian covid-19 dataset provided by the john hopkins university. In this study we have categorised the state wise impact of covid-19 across the nation on the basis given parameter: 1) Number of Cases [confirmed, cured and death], 2) Mortality rate, 3) Affected age groups, 4) Public health services in urban & rural areas, 5) State wise sample testing. In our findings we have come across that the age group of 20-29 and Maharashtra state by 2.6% mortality rate are highly affected by the covid-19 in india.

16.
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC RESEARCH ; 16(7):EC13-EC16, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1969753

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There is inadequate information on infections with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in children. Their clinical, as well as pathological correlation, is poorly understood. In India, children and adolescents account for 12% of all Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases reported. Children accounted for roughly 11% of those impacted globally last year. However, this year, we are seeing around 20-40% of youngsters in positive instances over the world. Even babies and infants are testing positive for COVID-19, although their illness is under control and seldom becomes fatal. Children aged 5 to 12 years, on the other hand, are at a higher risk. Aim: To study the clinical, pathological and genomic characteristics among children with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 48 paediatric positive patients for SARS-CoV-2 at Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, and CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi, India, from 2021 and May 2021. The laboratory testing was done by the real-time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) method. The patients were classified as mild, moderate, severe, or asymptomatic. Their clinical and pathological findings were recorded in the case sheet. Genomic analyses were done for identifying the genetic variant in the nine selected samples. Data entry and analysis were performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26.0. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and the t-test was used for continuous variables. Results: The study group has median age of 12 years. Male:Female ratio was 2:3. Most children had acquired infection from the community and 30% had the moderate illness and were admitted. Serum Glutamic-Oxalacetic Transaminase (SGOT) and Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT) were raised in six patients. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) was raised in 21 patients and bilirubin was raised in two patients. The average duration of hospitalization was 6 days (range 2-13 days). No mortality among the 48 paediatric patients studied was identified in the hospital. Delta variant (B.1.617.2) was identified in seven patients with D614, P681R, L452R mutations and B.1.617.2 was identified in two patients. Delta variant was present in the paediatric patients but it did not prolong the hospital stay or cause mortality. Conclusion: The findings of the study suggest that children may be a potential source of infection in the SARS CoV2 pandemic while having an asymptomatic to mild illness.

17.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL INVESTIGATION ; 12(2):129-135, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1969706

ABSTRACT

A spike protein is a protein that builds a huge spike that ejects from an enveloped virus's membrane. The spike protein is the only virus membrane protein that enables the virus to penetrate through the cell. Spike Protein has three potential methods of action. Most common viral illnesses have relatively similar virus structures, which are predominantly made up of dimers or trimers of the spike glycoprotein, as well as analogous mechanisms of host cell invasion. The purpose of this paper is to explore the structure of the spike protein and its cell invasion method. The prevalence of spike protein in distinct viruses, as well as their similar invasion mechanisms, are also highlighted in the paper. We observed that many infectious viruses have very identical structures, predominantly constituted of spike glycoprotein, as well as similar processes of invasion into host cells. There are diverse sorts of pathogenesis that have been identified, especially those relating to host cell contamination and the means wherein the infection spreads and produces disease. The Spike protein must be operational for the virus to penetrate the host organism, and variations in the protein's activation techniques are thought to have an influence in viral pathogenesis. Vaccines struggle to prevent the transmission of all virus variants due to variances in the spike protein in different viral versions, as well as modifications in them. More research into the structure of spike glycoproteins, as well as the creation of more effective vaccines to inhibit spike protein invasion and infection, are required.

18.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research ; 16(7):EC13-EC16, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1957576

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There is inadequate information on infections with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in children. Their clinical, as well as pathological correlation, is poorly understood. In India, children and adolescents account for 12% of all Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases reported. Children accounted for roughly 11% of those impacted globally last year. However, this year, we are seeing around 20-40% of youngsters in positive instances over the world. Even babies and infants are testing positive for COVID-19, although their illness is under control and seldom becomes fatal. Children aged 5 to 12 years, on the other hand, are at a higher risk. Aim: To study the clinical, pathological and genomic characteristics among children with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 48 paediatric positive patients for SARSCoV-2 at Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, and CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi, India, from 2021 and May 2021. The laboratory testing was done by the real-time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) method. The patients were classified as mild, moderate, severe, or asymptomatic. Their clinical and pathological findings were recorded in the case sheet. Genomic analyses were done for identifying the genetic variant in the nine selected samples. Data entry and analysis were performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26.0. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and the t-test was used for continuous variables. results: The study group has median age of 12 years. Male:Female ratio was 2:3. Most children had acquired infection from the community and 30% had the moderate illness and were admitted. Serum Glutamic-Oxalacetic Transaminase (SGOT) and Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT) were raised in six patients. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) was raised in 21 patients and bilirubin was raised in two patients. The average duration of hospitalization was 6 days (range 2-13 days). No mortality among the 48 paediatric patients studied was identified in the hospital. Delta variant (B.1.617.2) was identified in seven patients with D614, P681R, L452R mutations and B.1.617.2 was identified in two patients. Delta variant was present in the paediatric patients but it did not prolong the hospital stay or cause mortality. conclusion: The findings of the study suggest that children may be a potential source of infection in the SARS CoV2 pandemic while having an asymptomatic to mild illness.

19.
J Inorg Organomet Polym Mater ; 32(9): 3355-3367, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1942359

ABSTRACT

Design of antimicrobial tiles seems necessary to combat against contagious diseases, especially COVID-19. In addition to personal hygiene, this technology facilitates public hygiene as antimicrobial tiles can be installed at hospitals, schools, banks, offices, lobbies, railway stations, etc. This review is primarily focused on preparing antimicrobial tiles using an antimicrobial layer or coatings that fight against germs. The salient features and working mechanisms of antimicrobial tiles are highlighted. This challenge is a component of the exploratory nature of nanoarchitectonics, that also extends farther than the realm of nanotechnology. This nanoarchitectonics has been successful at the laboratory scale as antimicrobial metal nanoparticles are mainly used as additives in preparing tiles. A detailed description of various materials for developing unique antimicrobial tiles is reported here. Pure metal (Ag, Zn) nanoparticles and a mixture of nanoparticles with other inorganic materials (SiO2,, TiO2, anatase, nepheline) have been predominantly used to combat microbes. The developed antimicrobial tiles have shown excellent activity against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The last section discussed a hypothetical overview of utilizing the antimicrobial tiles against SARS-CoV-2. Overall, this review gives descriptive knowledge about the importance of antimicrobial tiles to create a clean and sustainable environment.

20.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ACADEMIC MEDICINE ; 8(2):86-+, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939153

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Health-care workers (HCWs) have been designated as the highest priority group to receive the coronavirus (CoV) vaccine. The study aimed to assess the awareness and perception about the CoV vaccine and the factors associated with the acceptance or rejection of vaccines among HCWs in India. Materials and Methods: An online cross-sectional study using a convenience sampling method was conducted between January 5 and January 14, 2021, just before the initiation of CoV vaccination among HCWs in India. Questions to assess awareness and perception were developed based on the information available on the public health websites. HCWs' willingness to accept the vaccines was also studied along with the factors associated with acceptance or rejection of CoV vaccination. Results: The study received responses from 496 HCWs. Awareness about the CoV vaccine was low, with a mean score of 5.44 (standard deviation = 2.91). Willingness to accept CoV vaccination was found in 63.51% of HCWs with the main reason to protect their family and colleagues (43.73%). The majority of HCWs agreed with the emergency authorization of CoV vaccines (65.93%) and agreed that vaccines will break the chain of transmission of infection (65.73%). Perception of vaccine effectiveness (odds ratio [OR] = 8.52, P = 0.000) and higher awareness (OR = 2.86, P = 0.000) were significantly associated with willingness to accept CoV vaccination. Conclusion: HCWs have the responsibility to disseminate correct information and risks about vaccinations among the public. Health authorities should continue encouraging the increase of the knowledge and awareness of the utility of vaccines among HCWs. The following core competencies are addressed in this article: Medical knowledge, Professionalism, Patient care and procedural skills, and Systems-based practice.

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