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1.
EuropePMC; 2022.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-333072

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the intensity and longevity of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination response in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID) by diagnosis, treatment and adapted vaccination schedules. Methods SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody response after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination was measured longitudinally in a large prospective cohort of healthy controls (HC) and IMID patients between December 2020 and 2021. Demographic and disease-specific data were recorded. Humoral response was compared across treatment and disease groups, and with respect to receipt of booster vaccinations. Age and sex adjusted SARS-CoV-2 antibody response was modelled over time. Marginal mean antibody levels and marginal risks of poor response were calculated at weekly intervals starting from week-8 after the first vaccination up to week 40. Results Among 5076 individuals registered, 2535 IMID patients and 1198 HC were eligible for this analysis. Mean antibody levels were higher in HC compared to IMIDs at all-time points, with peak antibody response in HC more than twice that in IMIDs (12.48 (11.52-13.52) vs. 5.71 (5.46-5.97)). Poor response to vaccination was observed in IMID patients treated with agents affecting B- and T-cell functions. Mean differences in antibody response between IMID diseases were small. After additional vaccinations, IMID patients could achieve higher antibody levels than HC vaccinated according to the two-dose schedule, even-though initial antibody levels were lower. Conclusions IMID patients show a lower and less durable SARS-CoV-2 vaccination response and are at risk to lose humoral immune protection. Adjusted vaccination schedules with earlier boosters and/or more frequent re-doses could better protect IMID patients.

2.
EuropePMC; 2020.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-321594

ABSTRACT

Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) of the joints, gut and skin are treated with inhibitors of inflammatory cytokines. These cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Investigating anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody responses in IMIDs we observed a significantly reduced incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in IMID patients treated with cytokine inhibitors compared to patients receiving no such inhibitors and two healthy control populations, despite similar social exposure. Hence, cytokine inhibitors seem to at least partially protect from SARS-CoV-2 infection.Authors David Simon and Koray Tascilar contributed equally to this work. Authors Markus F. Neurath and Georg Schett share senior authorship.

4.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 20(1): 45-57, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1583597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: TREATgermany, a registry for patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD), established an additional questionnaire in spring 2020 to investigate the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on the daily life of patients with AD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was used to analyze general information regarding a patient's experience of the coronavirus pandemic and, using the Inventory of Life-Changing Events, the resulting personal burden. To analyze possible associations between disease severity (EASI score, oSCORAD, IGA, PGA, POEM), quality of life (DLQI) and personal burden, t-tests, analyses of variance and correlations were evaluated, controlled for sex and age. RESULTS: 58 % (n = 233) of the included 400 registry patients reported high burden scores caused by the coronavirus pandemic, regardless of an actual infection. Men showed significantly higher burden scores than women, and younger than older respondents (both P = 0.03). There were no differences in burden scores related to the physician's assessment of disease severity. However, patients with higher quality of life impairments and higher disease severity perceived the burden of the coronavirus pandemic as less severe (DLQI P = 0.019, PGA P = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that registry patients considered the coronavirus pandemic as a life-changing event and perceived the burden differently. This should be taken into account in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe AD as well as in further studies.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Perception , Quality of Life , Registries , Severity of Illness Index
5.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2021 Dec 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1589173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) treatment on the prevalence, seroconversion rate, and longevity of the humoral immune response against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs). METHODS: Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies were measured in a prospective cohort of health care professional controls and non-health care controls and IMID patients receiving no treatment or receiving treatment with conventional or biologic DMARDs during the first and second COVID-19 waves. Regression models adjusting for age, sex, sampling time, and exposure risk behavior were used to calculate relative risks (RRs) of seropositivity. Seroconversion rates were assessed in participants with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive SARS-CoV-2 infection. Antibody response longevity was evaluated by reassessing participants who tested positive during the first wave. RESULTS: In this study, 4,508 participants (2,869 IMID patients and 1,639 controls) were analyzed. The unadjusted RR (0.44 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.31-0.62]) and adjusted RR (0.50 [95% CI 0.34-0.73]) for SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies were significantly lower in IMID patients treated with bDMARDs compared to non-health care controls (P < 0.001), primarily driven by treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, interleukin-17 (IL-17) inhibitors, and IL-23 inhibitors. Adjusted RRs for untreated IMID patients (1.12 [95% CI 0.75-1.67]) and IMID patients receiving conventional synthetic DMARDs (0.70 [95% CI 0.45-1.08]) were not significantly different from non-health care controls. Lack of seroconversion in PCR-positive participants was more common among bDMARD-treated patients (38.7%) than in non-health care controls (16%). Overall, 44% of positive participants lost SARS-CoV-2 antibodies by follow-up, with higher rates in IMID patients treated with bDMARDs (RR 2.86 [95% CI 1.43-5.74]). CONCLUSION: IMID patients treated with bDMARDs have a lower prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, seroconvert less frequently after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and may exhibit a reduced longevity of their humoral immune response.

6.
Lancet Rheumatol ; 3(10): e724-e736, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1373323

ABSTRACT

At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases were considered to be at high risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection and the development of severe COVID-19. Data collected over the past year, however, suggest that a diagnosis of inflammatory arthritis, psoriasis, or inflammatory bowel diseases does not increase risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection or severe COVID-19 compared with people without these diseases. Furthermore, substantial data suggest that certain medications frequently used in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, in particular cytokine inhibitors, might even lower the risk for severe COVID-19. Conversely, glucocorticoids and potentially B-cell-depleting treatments seem to worsen COVID-19 outcomes. Additionally, the first data on SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with these diseases suggest that tolerability of vaccination in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases is good, although the immune response to vaccination can be somewhat reduced in this patient group, particularly those taking methotrexate or CD20-targeted treatment.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 80(10): 1312-1316, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1220000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To better understand the factors that influence the humoral immune response to vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs). METHODS: Patients and controls from a large COVID-19 study, with (1) no previous history of COVID-19, (2) negative baseline anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG test and (3) SARS-CoV-2 vaccination at least 10 days before serum collection were measured for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG. Demographic, disease-specific and vaccination-specific data were recorded. RESULTS: Vaccination responses from 84 patients with IMID and 182 controls were analysed. While all controls developed anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG, five patients with IMID failed to develop a response (p=0.003). Moreover, 99.5% of controls but only 90.5% of patients with IMID developed neutralising antibody activity (p=0.0008). Overall responses were delayed and reduced in patients (mean (SD): 6.47 (3.14)) compared with controls (9.36 (1.85); p<0.001). Estimated marginal means (95% CI) adjusted for age, sex and time from first vaccination to sampling were 8.48 (8.12-8.85) for controls and 6.90 (6.45-7.35) for IMIDs. Significantly reduced vaccination responses pertained to untreated, conventionally and anticytokine treated patients with IMID. CONCLUSIONS: Immune responses against the SARS-CoV-2 are delayed and reduced in patients with IMID. This effect is based on the disease itself rather than concomitant treatment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Immunogenicity, Vaccine/immunology , Rheumatic Diseases/immunology , Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Neutralizing/blood , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2
9.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 18(8): 815-824, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-675932

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has become pandemic. A further level of complexity opens up as soon as we look at diseases whose pathogenesis and therapy involve different immunological signaling pathways, which are potentially affected by COVID-19. Medical treatments must often be reassessed and questioned in connection with this infection. This article summarizes the current knowledge of COVID-19 in the light of major dermatological and allergological diseases. It identifies medical areas lacking sufficient data and draws conclusions for the management of our patients during the pandemic. We focus on common chronic inflammatory skin diseases with complex immunological pathogenesis: psoriasis, eczema including atopic dermatitis, type I allergies, autoimmune blistering and inflammatory connective tissue diseases, vasculitis, and skin cancers. Since several other inflammatory skin diseases display related or comparable immunological reactions, clustering of the various inflammatory dermatoses into different disease patterns may help with therapeutic decisions. Thus, following these patterns of skin inflammation, our review may supply treatment recommendations and thoughtful considerations for disease management even beyond the most frequent diseases discussed here.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/complications , Skin Diseases/etiology , COVID-19/immunology , Humans , Skin Diseases/pathology
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3774, 2020 07 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-672188

ABSTRACT

Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) of the joints, gut and skin are treated with inhibitors of inflammatory cytokines. These cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Investigating anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody responses in IMIDs we observe a reduced incidence of SARS-CoV-2 seroconversion in IMID patients treated with cytokine inhibitors compared to patients receiving no such inhibitors and two healthy control populations, despite similar social exposure. Hence, cytokine inhibitors seem to at least partially protect from SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Cytokines/antagonists & inhibitors , Immune System Diseases/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Seroconversion , Adult , Antibodies, Viral/blood , COVID-19 , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Prevalence , Risk
11.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 26(8): 1935-1937, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-240299

ABSTRACT

During a meeting in Munich, Germany, a presymptomatic attendee with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infected at least 11 of 13 other participants. Although 5 participants had no or mild symptoms, 6 had typical coronavirus disease, without dyspnea. Our findings suggest hand shaking and face-to-face contact as possible modes of transmission.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Contact Tracing/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Disease Outbreaks , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Adult , Asymptomatic Diseases , Betacoronavirus/physiology , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Testing , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Congresses as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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