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1.
European journal of public health ; 32(Suppl 3), 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2102274

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic yet again showed that health crises and epidemics are introducing urban planning as a public health response. Globally, we saw a renewed interest in urban environment and healthy living and the changes in urban environments which can make for a healthier living. Even before the pandemic, various urban concepts and models that take as basis a health-oriented, holistic approach are being implemented in many cities. To name a few: car-free centres or neighbourhoods, the so-called ‘Superblocks’, neighbourhoods with low-speed traffic, walkable and cyclable cities aiming at all amenities being easy reach so-called ‘15 Minutes city’. COVID-19 crisis only accelerated many of these initiatives and brought them to global level need and attention. Such interventions are being introduced to demotivate the use of polluting cars, to ease up and to promote healthy and active transportation such as walking and cycling. As a consequence, those interventions not only are hoped to lead to an increase in physical activity, but also better air quality, reduction of noise. Cities have accelerated urban transformations of the space for active transportation such as the introduction of more cycling lanes in their networks, transforming ‘car’ streets to mix use streets, etc. Particularly during the pandemic, the streets that were previously dominated by car use, parking lots, parking spaces, and car lanes have shifted their focus to the pedestrians, healthy and active mobility. Though, not so optimistic continuation of the speed of the changes in urban planning are seen at the end of the pandemic. It is still clear that spaces for people, spaces promoting mental health such as green spaces, green islands, green pedestrian streets and healthy mobility, are missing. Lockdown measures of reducing the car traffic and increasing the walkable spaces for citizens were primarily imposed to save public health but had one important co-benefit - improved air quality in many areas.

3.
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety ; 31:464-464, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083345
4.
Ekonomika Poljoprivreda-Economics of Agriculture ; 68(4):895-910, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1732434

ABSTRACT

Food safety is of paramount importance at all times, especially in exceptional circumstances, such as pandemic COVID-19, given the fact that coronavirus is spreading rapidly and little is known about coronavirus. Protections have been strengthened in all fields, including food safety. In order to best protect ourselves and others, it's necessary to handle food properly, especially if children, pregnant women, the elderly and the ill ones are in the immediate vicinity. The paper will examine food safety and eating habits during pandemic COVID-19, with focus on recommended guidelines for safe food preparation, food storage, together with the prescribed measures of the Government of the Republic of Serbia. (C) 2021 EA. All rights reserved.

5.
40th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture: Distributed Proximities, ACADIA 2020 ; 1:102-109, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1445095

ABSTRACT

The reported research focuses on occupational density as an increasingly important archi tectural measure and uses occupancy simulation to optimize distancing criteria imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper addresses the following questions: How to engage computational techniques (CTs) to improve the accuracy of two existing types of indoor positioning systems? How to employ simulation methods in establishing critical occupation density to balance social distancing needs and the efficient use of resources? The larger objective and the aim of further research is to develop an autonomous system capable of establishing an accurate number of people present in a room and informing occupants if space is available according to prescribed sanitary standards. The paper presents occupancy simulation approximating input that would be provided by the outlined multisensor data fusion technique aiming to improve the accuracy of the existing indoor localization solutions. The projected capacity to capture information related to social distancing and occupants' positioning is used to ground a method for determining a room-specific occupational density threshold. Our early results indicate that the type of activities, equipment, and furniture in a room, addressed through occupants' positioning, may impact the frequency of distancing incidents. Our initial findings centered on simulation modeling indicate that data, composed of the two sets (occupant count and the number of recorded distancing incidents) can be overlapped to help establish room-specific standards rather than apply generic measures. In conclusion, we discuss the opportunities and challenges of the nrnnnsed system and its role after the nandemin. © Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture: Distributed Proximities, ACADIA 2020. All rights reserved.

6.
Proj. - Proc. Int. Conf. Assoc. Comput.-Aided Archit. Des. Res. Asia, CAADRIA ; 2:193-202, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1212290

ABSTRACT

In the current context of the COVID-19 pandemic, contactless solutions are becoming increasingly important to making buildings more resilient to the spread of infectious diseases in complementing social distancing and disinfection procedures for disease prevention. The presented study focuses on contactless technology and its role beyond automated interaction with the built environment by examining how it expedited space use and could improve compliance with sanitary norms. We introduce a conceptual framework for the intelligent operation of automated doors in an educational facility, enabled by the network of sensory devices and the application of computational techniques. Our research indicates how versatile data gathered by RFID systems, in conjunction with data extracted from occupancy schedules and sanitary protocols, can be used to enable the intelligent and context-aware application of disease prevention measures. In conclusion, we discuss the benefits of the proposed concept and its role beyond the need for social distancing after the pandemic. © 2021 and published by the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Hong Kong.

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