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Blood ; 138(SUPPL 1):395, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1770231


Background: While time-limited novel agent combinations have demonstrated high overall response rates and durable responses for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), they also have high rates of adverse events and possibly overtreat many favorable risk patients. Meanwhile, patients receiving indefinite ibrutinib monotherapy are at risk for cumulative toxicity and acquired resistance with continuous exposure. To address these challenges, we utilized an 'add-on' approach to combination therapy after a period of ibrutinib monotherapy exposure. We examined the addition of umbralisib (a selective PI3Kδ and casein kinase-1epsilon [CK1ϵ] inhibitor) and ublituximab (a novel anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody glycoengineered for enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity;U2) to ibrutinib in CLL patients with detectable minimal residual disease (MRD) after an initial period of treatment with ibrutinib monotherapy. With this strategy, we aimed to induce undetectable MRD (uMRD), minimize the risk of developing BTKi resistance mutations, stop all CLL-directed therapy, and achieve a durable treatment-free observation (TFO) period in CLL patients who would most benefit from combination therapy. Methods: This is a phase II, multicenter, open label clinical trial (NCT04016805). Eligible patients were receiving ongoing ibrutinib, in any line of therapy, for a minimum duration of 6 months and had detectable residual CLL in the peripheral blood via MRD assay (flow cytometry with a cutoff of 10

Blood ; 138:4555, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1582176


Introduction: Patients (pts) with primary refractory or relapsed high-grade lymphoma (HGL) including Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma with rearrangements of MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 (double-hit lymphoma, DHL) have a dismal prognosis with patients almost never achieving a meaningful remission to second line therapy. No standard second line therapeutic approach exists, particularly for BL. The characteristic hallmark of these diseases is a dysregulated MYC oncogene with both downstream effects on proliferation and a high metabolic fluxes which use tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediates as biosynthetic precursors. CPI-613 (devimistat) is a non-redox active analogue of lipoic acid, a required cofactor for two key mitochondrial enzymes of the TCA cycle, pyruvate dehydrogenase and alpha ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. Disruption of mitochondrial function by CPI-613 results in a shutdown of ATP and biosynthetic-intermediate production, leading to cancer cell death by apoptosis or necrosis. In the initial phase I trial (n=26) one patient with multiply refractory BL had a partial remission sustained for over one year and then consolidated by surgical resection. She remains alive 7 years later. As of July 2021, 20 clinical studies for various cancers have been conducted (ongoing/completed) with devimistat with over 700 patients having received study drug. We initiated a phase II trial to further explore efficacy in HGL. Devimistat has FDA orphan status for BL and 4 other cancers. Methods: NCT03793140 is a multicenter study aiming to enroll 17 patients on each of two cohorts, BL and DHL, with a Simon's 2-stage design for each cohort, requiring one response among the first 9 treated patients to expand to 17. Patients must have had at least one prior line of therapy or are refusing standard of care and must be more than 3 months after a prior stem cell transplant. Active central nervous system (CNS) parenchymal disease is excluded, but prior leptomeningeal disease is allowed if the CSF is negative for more than 4 weeks at enrollment and maintenance intrathecal therapy is ongoing. Devimistat is given by central line over 2 hours daily x 5 days for two 14-day cycles and then as maintenance x5 days every 21 days. Pts were evaluable for response if they received at least 4 infusions over 5 days of the first cycle. Results: 9 pts were enrolled in the DHL/THL arm. Mediannumber of prior therapies were 3 (range, 1-6). No responses were seen, with only 1 patient achieving stable disease as best response, resulting in cohort closure. Thus far, 8 BL pts were enrolled. Median number of prior therapies was 3 (range, 2-4). Two patients were inevaluable for response. 1/6 patients had stable disease through cycle 7 and one had a complete response (CR). This CR patient (HIV+) with 4 prior therapies entered the study with only a biopsy proven thigh mass. He was not a transplant candidate for social reasons. He had a near complete metabolic remission after 4 cycles of devimistat and a CR after cycle 7. (Table and Figure) As of July 2021, he is in cycle 11, having had a 4-week treatment delay of cycle 5 due to CoVID 19 infection. ECOG improved from 3 to 0. Adverse events (AE): As of July30, 2021, no patient experienced a serious adverse event related to study drug. Four patients had grade 3 events at least possibly related: 2 neutropenia, 1 thrombocytopenia and 1 elevated bilirubin. 1 patient had a dose reduction for grade 2 alanine aminotransferase increase. Conclusions: Although our results are preliminary, the complete remission in this patient is promising in a disease where no viable treatment options exist in the relapsed, refractory BL. Enrollment to the BL cohort is ongoing. [Formula presented] Disclosures: Nikolaenko: Pfizer: Research Funding;Rafael Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding. Pardee: Celgene/BMS: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;Amgen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;Janssen: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;AbbVie: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisor committees;CBM Biopharma: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;Karyopharm: Research Funding;Rafael Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding. Abramson: Genentech: Consultancy;Kymera: Consultancy;Karyopharm: Consultancy;AbbVie: Consultancy;Seagen Inc.: Research Funding;Allogene Therapeutics: Consultancy;Astra-Zeneca: Consultancy;Incyte Corporation: Consultancy;BeiGene: Consultancy;Bluebird Bio: Consultancy;Genmab: Consultancy;EMD Serono: Consultancy;Bristol-Myers Squibb Company: Consultancy, Research Funding;C4 Therapeutics: Consultancy;Morphosys: Consultancy;Kite Pharma: Consultancy;Novartis: Consultancy. Horwitz: Vividion Therapeutics: Consultancy;Shoreline Biosciences, Inc.: Consultancy;Tubulis: Consultancy;Verastem: Research Funding;ONO Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy;Myeloid Therapeutics: Consultancy;SecuraBio: Consultancy, Research Funding;Trillium Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding;Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding;Millennium /Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding;Kura Oncology: Consultancy;Janssen: Consultancy;Kyowa Hakko Kirin: Consultancy, Research Funding;Forty Seven, Inc.: Research Funding;Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding;C4 Therapeutics: Consultancy;Celgene: Research Funding;Aileron: Research Funding;Affimed: Research Funding;Acrotech Biopharma: Consultancy;ADC Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding. Matasar: GlaxoSmithKline: Honoraria, Research Funding;Teva: Consultancy;Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding;Bayer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Genentech, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Merck Sharp & Dohme: Current holder of individual stocks in a privately-held company;F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;IGM Biosciences: Research Funding;Merck: Consultancy;Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy;TG Therapeutics: Consultancy, Honoraria;Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Current Employment;Pharmacyclics: Honoraria, Research Funding;Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy;ImmunoVaccine Technologies: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria;Rocket Medical: Consultancy, Research Funding. Noy: Rafael Parhma: Research Funding;Morphosys: Consultancy;Targeted Oncology: Consultancy;Medscape: Consultancy;Pharmacyclics: Consultancy, Research Funding;Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria;Epizyme: Consultancy. OffLabel Disclosure: CPI-613 (devimistat) is a non-redox active analogue of lipoic acid, a required cofactor for two key mitochondrial enzymes of the TCA cycle, pyruvate dehydrogenase and alpha ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. Disruption of mitochondrial function by CPI-613 results in a shutdown of ATP and biosynthetic-intermediate production, leading to cancer cell death by apoptosis or necrosis

Blood ; 136:17-18, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1344052


Introduction: The standard approach for relapsed or refractory (RR) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) following front-line treatment failure is second line therapy (SLT) aimed to achieve complete response (CR), followed by consolidation with high dose therapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HDT/AHCT). No one standard SLT exists and options include regimens containing platinum, gemcitabine, and more recently brentuximab vedotin (BV). Complete response rates associated with these regimens range from 50-70%. Due to the increasing use of BV in the front-line setting, development of SLT regimens that are both highly effective and BV-sparing are needed. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) inhibitors are highly active in RR cHL and have the potential to enhance the efficacy of standard chemotherapy. Here we report the results of our phase II study evaluating a novel anti-PD-1-based regimen, pembrolizumab plus gemcitabine, vinorelbine, and liposomal doxorubicin (pembrolizumab-GVD), as SLT for RR cHL. Methods: Transplant eligible patients (pts) with RR cHL following failure of 1-line of therapy were eligible. Treatment consisted of 2 to 4 cycles of pembrolizumab (200mg IV, day 1), gemcitabine (1000mg/m2 IV, days 1 and 8), vinorelbine (20mg/m2 IV, days 1 and 8) and liposomal doxorubicin (15mg/m2, days 1 and 8), given on 21-day cycles. Pts who achieved CR by PET (Deauville ≤3) after 2 or 4 cycles proceeded to HDT/AHCT. HDT/AHCT was carried out according to institutional standards and BV maintenance was allowed following HDT/AHCT. The primary endpoint was CR rate after 2 or 4 cycles of pembrolizumab-GVD. Enrollment occurred according to a Simon 2-stage design with sample size based upon a projected CR rate of 70%. In stage 1, 23 pts enrolled and 12 or more CRs were required to proceed to stage II;in stage II, an additional 16 pts enrolled. Out of a total of 39 pts, 24 CRs were required to declare this regimen promising. Results: Among 39 patients enrolled, 37 are evaluable for toxicity (2 pts have not yet started treatment) and 34 are evaluable for response (4 pts too early, 1 pt found to have composite lymphoma after enrollment). Of 37 treated pts, median age is 36 (range 21-71), 43% are male, 23 (62%) had advanced stage disease, and 15 (41%) had primary refractory disease. With regard to RR cHL risk factors (B-symptoms, extranodal disease, and relapse/refractory disease within 1 year of initial treatment), 4(11%) had no risk factors (RFs), 21 (57%) had 1 RF, 9 (24%) had 2 RFs, and 3 (8%) had all 3 RFs. Treatment was well tolerated with most adverse events being grade 1 or 2 (see figure 1). Grade 3 AEs included rash (n=1), elevated AST/ALT (n=3), oral mucositis (n=2), and neutropenia (n=3). Figure 2 shows the outcome for all 37 treated pts. Among 34 evaluable pts, 31 (91%) achieved CR after 2 cycles and 3 achieved partial response. An additional 1 pt achieved CR after 4 cycles of pembrolizumab-GVD, therefore in total, 32 of 34 (94%) achieved CR following pembrolizumab-GVD. 4 pts with CR after 2 cycles received an additional 2 cycles of pembrolizumab-GVD in order to delay HDT/AHCT during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic (n=3) or due to refusing HDT/ASCT (n=1). To date, 32 have undergone HDT/AHCT following 2 (n=27) or 4 (n=5) cycles of treatment. 1 pt is awaiting HDT/AHCT;1 pt refused HDT/ASCT and received pembrolizumab maintenance instead. 2 pts received involved site radiation therapy to initial area of relapsed disease prior to planned HDT/AHCT and 10 pts received post-HDT/ASCT maintenance with BV. Median follow-up post-HDT/AHCT is 9 mos (range 0.03-20.9 mos) and all pts remain in remission to date. Conclusion: Second-line therapy with pembrolizumab-GVD is a highly effective and well-tolerated regimen that can efficiently bridge pts with RR cHL to HDT/AHCT. Updated results including all 39 enrolled pts will be presented at the meeting. Given the high CR rate observed with pembrolizumab-GVD, an expansion cohort evaluating 8 cycles of pembrolizumab maintenance (instead of HDT/AHCT) for patients who achieve CR af er 4 cycles of pembrolizumab-GVD is planned. [Formula presented] Disclosures: Moskowitz: Merck: Consultancy;Incyte: Research Funding;Miragen Therapeutics: Consultancy;Seattle Genetics: Consultancy;Imbrium Therapeutics, L.P.: Consultancy;Merck: Research Funding;Seattle Genetics: Research Funding;Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding. Shah: Amgen Inc.: Research Funding;Janssen: Research Funding. Kumar: AbbVie: Research Funding;Celgene: Honoraria, Other: Honoraria for Advisory Board;Seattle Genetics: Research Funding;Astra Zeneca: Honoraria, Other: Honoraria for Advisory Board;Celgene: Research Funding;Kite Pharmaceuticals: Honoraria, Other: Honoraria for Advisory Board;Adaptive Biotechnologies,: Research Funding;Pharmacyclics: Research Funding. Lahoud: MorphoSys: Other: Advisory Board. Batlevi: Life Sci, GLG, Juno/Celgene, Seattle Genetics, Kite: Consultancy;Janssen, Novartis, Epizyme, Xynomics, Bayer, Autolus, Roche/Genentech: Research Funding. Hamlin: J&J Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding;Portola: Research Funding;Incyte: Research Funding;Portola Pharmaceutics: Consultancy;Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy;Karyopharm: Consultancy;Celgene: Consultancy;Molecular Templates: Research Funding. Straus: Karyopharm Therapeutics: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;Imedex, Inc.: Speakers Bureau;Targeted Oncology: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;NY Lymphoma Rounds: Consultancy;Takeda Pharmaceuticals: Research Funding, Speakers Bureau;OncLive: Speakers Bureau;Elsevier: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: CME writer;ASH: Other: Conference in December 2019 on HL to other physicians during ASH;Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Horwitz: ASTEX: Consultancy;Verastem: Consultancy, Research Funding;Myeloid Therapeutics: Consultancy;Miragen: Consultancy;Kura Oncology: Consultancy;Janssen: Consultancy;GlaxoSmithKline: Consultancy;Daiichi Sankyo: Research Funding;C4 Therapeutics: Consultancy;Affirmed: Consultancy;Vividion Therapeutics: Consultancy;Beigene: Consultancy;Portola: Consultancy, Research Funding;Mundipharma: Consultancy;Innate Pharma: Consultancy;Corvus: Consultancy;Trillium: Consultancy, Research Funding;Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Research Funding;Millenium/Takeda: Consultancy, Research Funding;Kyowa Hakka Kirin: Consultancy, Research Funding;Infinity/Verastem: Research Funding;Forty Seven: Consultancy, Research Funding;Celgene: Consultancy, Research Funding;Aileron: Consultancy, Research Funding;ADCT Therapeutics: Consultancy, Research Funding. Falchi: Genmab: Research Funding;Roche: Research Funding. Joffe: Epizyme: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;AstraZeneca: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees. Noy: Pharmacyclics: Research Funding;Pharmacyclics: Consultancy;Janssen: Consultancy;Rafael Pharma: Research Funding;NIH: Research Funding;Morphosys: Consultancy;Medscape: Consultancy;Targeted Oncology: Consultancy. Matasar: Teva: Consultancy;Genentech, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Merck: Consultancy;Bayer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy;F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding;GlaxoSmithKline: Honoraria, Research Funding;IGM Biosciences: Research Funding;Janssen: Honoraria, Research Funding;Pharmacyclics: Honoraria, Research Funding;Immunovaccine Technologies: Honoraria, Research Funding;Rocket Medical: Consultancy, Research Funding;Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria;Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy;Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Vardhana: Other: Other: SAV has received honoraria from Agios Pharmaceuticals and Rheos Pharmaceuticals, is an advisor for Immunai and has consulted for ADC Therapeutics. von Keudell: Genentech: Research Funding;Bayer: Research Funding;Pharmacyclics: Research Funding. Zelenetz: Novartis: Consultancy;Janssen: Consultancy;Celge e: Consultancy;Amgen: Consultancy;Adaptive Biotechnology: Consultancy;BeiGene: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;Roche: Research Funding;Gilead: Research Funding;Genentech/Roche: Consultancy;Gilead: Consultancy;Sandoz: Research Funding;Celgene: Research Funding;MEI Pharma: Research Funding;MorphoSys: Research Funding. OffLabel Disclosure: Pembrolizumab as second-line therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma