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GMS Hyg Infect Control ; 16: Doc26, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1399113


Background: Technical protection measures for laboratory activities involving biological agents include biological safety cabinets (BSC) that may be contaminated. In the case of diagnostic activities with SARS-CoV-2, this may also affect BSC that are operated at protection level 2; therefore, decontamination of all contaminated surfaces of the BSC may be required. In addition to fumigation with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), dry fogging of H2O2-stabilized peroxyacetic acid (PAA) represents another alternative to fumigation with formalin. However, to prove their efficacy, these alternatives need to be validated for each model of BSC. Methods: The validation study was performed on 4 different BSCs of Class II A2 using the "Mini Dry Fog" system. Results: An aerosol concentration of 0.03% PAA and 0.15% H2O2 during a 30 min exposure was sufficient to inactivate SARS-CoV-2. Effective concentrations of 1.0% PAA and 5% H2O2 were required to decontaminate the custom-prepared biological indicators loaded with spores of G. stearothermophilus and deployed at 9 different positions in the BSC. Commercial spore carriers were easier to inactivate by a factor of 4, which corresponded to a reduction of 106 in all localizations. Conclusions: Dry fogging with PAA is an inexpensive, robust, and highly effective decontamination method for BSCs for enveloped viruses such as SARS-CoV-2. The good material compatibility, lack of a requirement for neutralization, low pH - which increases the range of efficacy compared to H2O2 fumigation - the significantly shorter processing time, and the lower costs argue in favor of this method.