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Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 17(12)2020 06 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-613068

ABSTRACT

Many countries are taking strict quarantine policies to prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) around the world, such as city lockdown. Cities in China and Italy were locked down in the early stage of the pandemic. The present study aims to examine and compare the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on individuals' psychological states in China and Italy. We achieved the aim by (1) sampling Weibo users (geo-location = Wuhan, China) and Twitter users (geo-location = Lombardy, Italy); (2) fetching all the users' published posts two weeks before and after the lockdown in each region (e.g., the lockdown date of Wuhan was 23 January 2020); (3) extracting the psycholinguistic features of these posts using the Simplified Chinese and Italian version of Language Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) dictionary; and (4) conducting Wilcoxon tests to examine the changes in the psycholinguistic characteristics of the posts before and after the lockdown in Wuhan and Lombardy, respectively. Results showed that individuals focused more on "home", and expressed a higher level of cognitive process after a lockdown in both Wuhan and Lombardy. Meanwhile, the level of stress decreased, and the attention to leisure increased in Lombardy after the lockdown. The attention to group, religion, and emotions became more prevalent in Wuhan after the lockdown. Findings provide decision-makers timely evidence on public reactions and the impacts on psychological states in the COVID-19 context, and have implications for evidence-based mental health interventions in two countries.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Psycholinguistics , Quarantine , China/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/virology , Emotions , Humans , Italy/epidemiology , Mental Health , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Social Media
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 329, 2020 May 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-197493

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although people of all ages are susceptible to the novel coronavirus infection, which is presently named "Coronavirus Disease 2019" (COVID-19), there has been relatively few cases reported among children. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in children and the differences from adults. CASE PRESENTATION: We report one pediatric case of COVID-19. A 14-month-old boy was admitted to the hospital with a symptom of fever, and was diagnosed with a mild form of COVID-19. The child's mother and grandmother also tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, the lymphocyte counts were normal. The chest computed tomography (CT) revealed scattered ground glass opacities in the right lower lobe close to the pleura and resorption after the treatment. The patient continued to test positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the nasopharyngeal swabs and stool at 17 days after the disappearance of symptoms. CONCLUSION: The present pediatric case of COVID-19 was acquired through household transmission, and the symptoms were mild. Lymphocyte counts did not significantly decrease. The RNA of SARS-CoV-2 in stool and nasopharyngeal swabs remained positive for an extended period of time after the disappearance of symptoms. This suggests that attention should be given to the potential contagiousness of pediatric COVID-19 cases after clinical recovery.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus , Feces/virology , Fever/etiology , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Nasopharynx/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Coronavirus/genetics , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Family Characteristics , Humans , Infant , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/transmission , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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