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Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 15(4):404-414, 2021.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1449370


Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune process that increases the risk of arterial and venous thrombosis. The mechanism of damage to the central nervous system (CNS) can be not only due to thrombosis, but also antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) circulating in the peripheral blood. The latter can damage the cerebral vascular endothelium, alter the resistance of the blood-brain barrier and penetrate into the central nervous system, exerting a damaging effect on astroglia and neurons, as evidenced by the release of neurospecific proteins into the peripheral bloodstream. The role of APS in developing cerebral ischemia, migraine, epilepsy, chorea, transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis, cognitive impairment and mental disorders, as well as the peripheral nervous system is described. It should also be noted about a role of APS for emerging neurological disorders in COVID-19, enabled apart from thrombogenesis due to APA via 2 potential mechanisms - molecular mimicry and neoepitope formation. Further study of the APS pathogenesis and interdisciplinary interaction are necessary to develop effective methods for patient management.

Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction ; 14(3):314-326, 2020.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-903105


Recently, it has been increasingly apparent that sepsis and septic shock become a pressing issue. Over the last decade, incidence rate of sepsis in obstetrics and gynecology has been increased by more than 2-fold. Here we review clinical forms of septic conditions, risk factors, pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock, as well as major pathogens resulting in septic conditions. Special attention is paid to neonatal sepsis. The relationship between septic shock and viral infections is considered in the context of the novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. Impaired hemostasis is discussed in patients with septic shock, including those with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). An importance of assessing ADAMTS-13 level to refine disease prognosis is discussed.