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1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211059939, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1526572

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coagulopathy and inflammation are associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity. This study assessed D-dimer concentration and its correlation with inflammatory markers and COVID-19 severity. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study involving 194 COVID-19 cases, with the severity of infection graded in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. We measured D-dimer, C-reactive protein (CRP), and ferritin on admission and determined the cutoff values for D-dimer and CRP and evaluated the correlation between D-dimer and CRP and ferritin. RESULTS: Median D-dimer, CRP, and ferritin concentrations were 2240 µg/L, 73.2 mg/L, and 1173.8 µg/mL, respectively. The highest median D-dimer value was seen in mild and moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The highest ferritin concentration was seen in severe ARDS. There was a significant correlation between D-dimer value and CRP (r = 0.327), but no significant correlation between D-dimer and ferritin (r = 0.101). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the combination of CRP ≥72.65 mg/L and D-dimer ≥1250 µg/L as a marker of COVID-19 severity was 0.722 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.615-0.781). CONCLUSION: The combination of CRP ≥72.65 mg/L and D-dimer ≥1250 µg/L can be used as marker of COVID-19 severity, with moderate accuracy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Biomarkers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Hospitals , Humans , Indonesia , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
2.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 6919-6924, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1484926

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 is a pandemic with significant mortality and it is important to differentiate severe and non-severe cases. We conducted a study to evaluate hematologic profiles with inflammation markers in COVID-19 patients and to determine the correlation of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with disease severity. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving hospitalized COVID-19 patients confirmed with a positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Lymphocyte count, NLR, C-reactive protein (CRP) and ferritin were evaluated in severe and non-severe COVID-19 cases at hospital admission. Data was analyzed using Spearman correlation. Results: There were 41 patients aged 20 to 79 years with COVID-19; 33 (80.5%) were non-severe, and 8 (19.5%) were severe cases. There is a statistically significant difference in WBC, relative neutrophils and lymphocytes, NLR, and CRP between non-severe and severe cases. There is a strong correlation between NLR and CRP (r = 0.738; p < 0.001). Our findings show that NLR and absolute lymphocyte count, but not ferritin, play a role in differentiating between non-severe and severe COVID-19 cases. Conclusion: In COVID-19 cases, a strong correlation between NLR and CRP might suggest the use of NLR to differentiate between non-severe and severe cases, especially in a remote healthcare facility.

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