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Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology ; 126:11, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1410129


Ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the wavelength range 200 nm <= lambda <= 320 nm, which includes both the UV-C and UV-B portions of the spectrum, is known to be effective for inactivation of a wide range of microbial pathogens, including viruses. Previous research has indicated UV-C radiation to be effective for inactivation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), the virus that caused an outbreak of SARS in 2003. Given the structural similarities of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, the cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is anticipated that UV radiation should be effective for inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 too. Recently published data support this assertion, but only for a narrow set of exposure and matrix conditions. Models based on genomic and other characteristics of viruses have been developed to provide predictions of viral inactivation responses to UV exposure at lambda = 254 nm. The predictions of these models are consistent with reported measurements of viral inactivation, including for SARS-CoV-2. As such, current information indicates that UV-C irradiation should be effective for control of SARS-CoV-2, as well as for control of other coronaviruses;however, additional research is needed to quantify the effects of several important process variables, including the wavelength of radiation, the effects of relative humidity on airborne and surface-associated viruses, and the effects of the medium of exposure.