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Pol Arch Intern Med ; 131(7-8): 679-685, 2021 08 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1380156

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: During the COVID­19 pandemic studies on workplace safety of hospital staff taking care of patients with this disease are a high priority. We decided to analyze the results of opportunistic screening for anti-SARS­CoV-2 antibodies among employees of a designated COVID-19 center. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate whether potential exposition to SARS­CoV-2 antigens is reflected in the results of serological studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Every employee who performed at least a single test between April 21 and July 20, 2020 was included in the study. The tests assessed the levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM+IgA. Employees working in direct contact with COVID­19 patients and those participating in aerosol­generating procedures were identified. RESULTS: The results of 2455 tests taken by 1572 employees were analyzed. A total of 357 participants (22.7%) had at least 1 positive or equivocal result during the study period. Linear mixed models revealed gradual increases in mean levels of both IgG and IgM+IgA antibodies among employees with all negative results. The rate of change was higher among persons who had direct contact with COVID­19 patients and the highest rate of change was observed among individuals participating in aerosol­generating procedures. CONCLUSIONS: We detected developing humoral immune response to a new set of coronavirus antigens among the study group. It is possible that employees of designated COVID­19 centers are regularly exposed to noninfectious doses of SARS­CoV-2 or its antigens.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Hospitals , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , SARS-CoV-2
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